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Mechanics and Applied Mathematics - Research Papers - IIT Kanpur
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Mechanics and Applied Mathematics - Research Papers - IIT Kanpur
Bank Internal Auditor Resume Sample. This resume is a sample for the post of Bank Internal Auditor. In many countries female auditors have less practical experience than male due to some domestic or locality reasons nonetheless they possess strong command on the main concept. Mathematics. A Bank Internal Auditor is thesis mostly required in those organizations that are female oriented e.g. Applied Mathematics Research Papers. female colleges, universities, banks and any other industry. Apothesis. This culture prevails primarily in Asia. How you can build a resume for female? we give you below a resume sample to help you create an impressive and convincing resume. Show all your practical experiences, and mathematics research, if it is a big organization that you are applying for mention it clearly with either underline or in chekhov bold letters. Always try to be honest and clear while writing education and skills as mostly interviews are taken within the information provided in your resume data. A good resume pays a vital role for a good job win. Bank Internal Auditor Resume Sample.
Date of Birth : Day Month Year. Marital Status : Married. Visa Status : Husband Visa. Applied For: Bank Internal Auditor/Hotel Internal Auditor/Mall Internal Auditor/Professional Auditor. To pursue a challenging career in a progressive environment where learning, innovation and applied research papers, creativity are encouraged, where my skills knowledge can be enhanced to their maximum potential to contribute to the overall success and growth of the organization. More than 2 Year Experience as Accountant and Audit Assistant in igt India. Proficient in Computer Applications [MS OFFICE, TALLY ERP 9]. Ability and skill to research motivate co-employees resulted in the attainment of goals and objectives of the team. as Bank Internal Auditor. Coordinate activities between the organization and the chief auditor for a successful audit Check revenue and expenses accounts to judge the petition essay, amount of total debts and applied research, credibility of the organization Make certain the balance sheets, assets liabilities, and profit and loss accounts display the true financial position of the organization Compute the tax liability of the organization and support the organization in leadership thesis making tax payments on time.
Verify the supporting documents of bills, receipts and reconciliation statements Find out applied mathematics, any discrepancies within the documents and statements and post relevant entries to make corrections. Reconciliation of Bank/Inter Company / Principal/Supplier Accounts Coordinate with auditors both internal external during audits. Inventory management include verification of New/Used/Work in Progress. Essay. Co-ordination with Auditors for the Finalisation and preparation of the necessary schedules other documents for the Audit Periodical in papers house Statements from Trail Balance to Final Accounts consolidation of divisional/associated company accounts. Maintenance of accurate records in the proper manner and tracking the same and capacity to draft the letters correspondence. Verification of Sales Bill and no regrets, Supervising recording of sales entry Credit control and collection of accounts payables and receivables. Prepare profit and loss statements and monthly closing and cost accounting reports. Compile and analyze financial information to prepare entries to accounts, such as general ledger accounts, and document business transactions Establish, maintain, and coordinate the implementation of applied research, accounting and accounting control procedures. Who Am. Monitor and review accounting and related system reports for accuracy and completeness Handling Cash collection and book keeping Provide accounting policy orientation for new staff. Mathematics Research. Resolve accounting discrepancies Preparing day book, cash book and who am i philosophical essay, ledger.
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A Senior Auditor distinguishes himself due to his prevailing knowledge and tackling multiple assignment expertise. When an the bet by anton chekhov audit officer performs his duties in applied mathematics research manufacturing units, processing units, banks and service units, he gathers plenty of essay, valuable knowledge and skills. So for the post of senior audit officer employer’s main thinking is to mathematics hire a person with experience that he has earned during his big and multiple-type industrial encounters. Mostly Senior Auditors are required in those charted accountant professional firms or group of petition essay, companies where they already have audit officers hence adding further challenges to your post as controlling, managing and applied, maintaining your employees. Your application for this job must be perfect e.g. your Senior Auditor Resume Sample, presentation, current world knowledge, related accounting standard, and the bet chekhov, up-to-date international market condition. So how you build a good resume for mathematics, this challenging job? A sample is provided below to help you well-construct your resume.
It is started with an introduction followed by your objectives. (Career objective is very important for this post so write it very carefully mentioning all your areas of expertise.) At the no regrets essay, end of resume provide some references. Seeking a long-term opportunity within the mathematics research papers, business community, where my professional experience, education, and abilities would be advantageous to the growth of essay, my employer and myself. Around 6 years of practical experience in the field of financial accounting, financial statements and reporting, bank reconciliations, project accounting, cost and applied papers, management accounting, budgeting and planning, financial forecasting, accounts receivables/payable, and internal/external auditing. Worked in leading multicultural organizations with expertise in: Accounts Receivable, Accounts Payable and Fixed assets management. Finalization of quarterly, half yearly and full yearly financial statements in apothesis compliance with IFRS and GAAP. Reviewing of applied mathematics, General Ledger (GL), Accounts payables (AP), Fixed Assets (FA) and Inventory at different clients. Expertise in following accounting tools and MS Office applications: Peachtree (Sage 50 Accounting) QuickBooks Tally ERP MS Excel, MS Word MS Power Point Article ship completed from Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan. Demonstrated history of establishing accounts department, implementation of financial policies and petition essay, development of SOPs for different organizations. Reviewed and implemented following systems at different levels, Sales system Purchase system Inventory system. January 2014 to November 2014 Senior Accountant. Dynamic Builders (Pvt) Limited.
September 2011 to January 2014 Assistant Manager – Accounts Audit. Supervisor – Audit Assurance. HLB International Chartered Accountants, Kabul, Afghanistan. June 2009 to September 2011 Senior Auditor. NEXIA International, Riaz Ahmad and Company. Chartered Accountants, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Dynamic Builders (Pvt) Limited, Islamabad, Pakistan. Senior Accountant January 2014 to November 2014. Dynamic Builders (Pvt) Limited stretches back its origin to 1990, is a combination of different task oriented entities engaged in the business of construction and erection. The company through its advanced approach and techniques become one of the most developed construction companies of the country. The company has substantially increased its scope of work. Key Responsibilities and Duties. Established and monitored the implementation and maintenance of accounting control procedure, Maintained general ledger, trial balance, profit and loss account, balance sheet and other financials Closing with full responsibility of the account receivable, account payable and fixed assets function, Ensured accurate and appropriate recording and analysis of revenues and expenses, Analysed and advised on business operations including revenue and applied, expenditure trends, financial commitments and future revenues, Made regular reports to the management on income, expenditure and any variations from budgets. HLB International , Ijaz Tabussum Co. Chartered Accountants, Kabul.
Assistant Manager – Accounts Audit April 2013 to January 2014. Supervisor – Audit Assurance (Article Ship) September 2011 to April 2013. A member firm of ofortuna, HLB International stretches its origin back as far as 1970. The firm today, through successful growth, is a strong and applied mathematics, independent practice with four offices in Pakistan. The company widened its scope to be a part of technology revolution resulting into the formation of Business Process Outsourcing arm. Key Responsibilities and u gas, Duties. During the period of 2.3 years with the firm, I was involved in papers various assignments in Assurance and leadership statement, Advisory Services. The various sectors I worked in ranged from research papers, manufacturing industry to service industry. Ofortuna. The assignments include full scope audits, internal controls, agreed upon procedure, bookkeeping, forensic auditing and mathematics research, special assignments. My services as “Assistant Manager Accounts Audit and Supervisor Audit Assurance” also include: Maintenance of accounting controls by establishing a chart of accounts; defining accounting policies and procedures, Preparation and supervision of monthly and quarterly Management Accounts i.e.
Balance Sheet, Profit Loss and Cash Flow statement disclosures and other customized reports. Management of all income, expense, accounts receivable and fixed assets resources. Planning, execution and i philosophical, supervision of assignments of External Audits on various private, Public and Government Clients. Allocation of audit team to different areas under audit. Review of audit work at initial stage. Riaz Ahmad Company , NEXIA International, Chartered Accountants, Islamabad. Senior Auditor (Article Ship) June 2009 to September 2011. A member firm of NEXIA International stretches its origin back as far as 1956. The firm today, through successful growth, is a strong and applied, independent practice with four offices in Pakistan. Previously it was a member firm of KPMG, Ernst Young International, KMG and Shaffer Champness International.
Key Responsibilities and u gas, Duties. During the period of 2.3 years with the firm, I: Conducted assignments to review of accounting and mathematics, internal control system. Supervised and administered maintenance of essay, books of accounts and preparation of different level financial statements. Performed external audit services in accordance with the approved International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs), International Standards on applied mathematics papers, Auditing (ISAs) and local laws. MAJOR ASSIGNMENTS PPERFORMED. Following is the list of major clients handled during my stay at HLB and Nexia International Chartered Accountants: Date of Birth: 29.01.1979. Marital status: Married. Will be furnished upon request. Audit Assistant Manager Resume Sample.
This resume sample is for the post of Executive Audit Manager. An Auditor’s post is considered to be very significant in no regrets essay the entire world. For this post you must have proper knowledge of this field. An A.C.C.A. degree with article is essential. Mostly an applied mathematics A.C.C.A. qualified person during his study audits different companies and organizations. So while constructing your resume do discuss all your past experiences and credits, especially of those organization that are recognized worldwide.
The employer is mostly interested in your past profile. Below we give you an effective sample that will help you how you can well construct a resume. Down you will see guidance in apothesis ofortuna explaining all key skills and areas where he have had great experience. And finally confidence is always famous for turning things into your favor. Planning audits and developing audit strategies along with identification of potential risk areas. Identifying critical risks, systems’ evaluation and applied, recommending improvements therein. Delegation and review of work and resolving issues in liaison with the management. Preparing tax computations and reviewing their compliance with local laws and regulations. Checking that financial reports and records are accurate and reliable. Ensuring procedures, policies, legislation and regulations are correctly followed and complied with. Thesis Statement. Co-ordination with professionals of various fields including legal, actuarial and IT.
Perform audit tasks monitoring team. Audit Assistant Manager Resume Sample. Experience: 3 Years in Accounts, Finance and Audit. Address Burjuman Dubai UAE. Visa Status: Visit Visa. To be a part of a dynamic reputed team of professionals striving for excellence in delivering quality services and products; inspiring mutual growth and contributing creative solutions towards the achievement of organizational targets. CA Finalist (1 paper Left to qualify) from Institute of Chartered Accountants of England and. Wales (ICAEW) – In progress. ACCA from mathematics research, Association of Chartered Certified Accountants UK – February 2012.
B.COM from University of Sindh Jamshoro – July 2011. Higher Secondary Certificate – Intermediate Board Karachi – 2008. Secondary School Certificate – Matriculation Board Karachi – 2006. 3+ Years of experience in Accounts, Audit, Internal Audits and Business Analysis From Deloitte . By Anton Chekhov Essay. Professionally qualified with ACCA (Association of Certified Chartered Accountants) and ICAEW(Institute of Chartered Accountancy of England and applied research, Wales (1 paper left) Have excellent skills in accounting can handle up to finalization Skilled in chekhov financial management, auditing, internal auditing costing and financial accounting, and intercompany reconciliations Experience of handling SOX Rules based Projects Self-motivated finance professional with achievements in budgetary control, cost reduction, controlling of finance and applied mathematics research papers, reporting to the top management Aware of Code of Corporate governance High proficiency in i philosophical all aspects of International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) Strong grip on financial and mathematics research, business analysis and the bet by anton chekhov, have good business sense Well versed in computerized accounting environment like MS Office with advanced spread sheet skills, Tally ERP, Quick Book and Peach Tree. Adept at reviewing accounting records and other financial data to assess accuracy, completeness and conformance with company policies and applicable reporting standards. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES: Prepares asset, liability, and capital account entries by compiling and applied research papers, analyzing account information. Documents financial transactions by essay entering account information. Recommends financial actions by analyzing accounting options.
Summarizes current financial status by collecting information; preparing balance sheet, profit and loss statement, and other reports. Substantiates financial transactions by auditing documents. Maintains accounting controls by preparing and recommending policies and procedures. Guides accounting clerical staff by coordinating activities and answering questions. Reconciles financial discrepancies by collecting and analyzing account information. Secures financial information by applied research papers completing data base backups. Maintains financial security by following internal controls. Prepares payments by verifying documentation, and requesting disbursements. Answers accounting procedure questions by researching and interpreting accounting policy and regulations.
Complying with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) Prepares special financial reports by collecting, analyzing, and petition essay, summarizing account information and trends. Maintains customer confidence and protects operations by keeping financial information confidential. Applied Mathematics Research. Preparing Bank Reconciliations, Suppliers reconciliations and Receivables aging Analyze business operations, trends, costs, revenues, financial commitments, and obligations, to project future revenues and expenses or to provide advice. Develop, maintain, and analyze budgets, preparing periodic reports that compare budgeted costs to actual costs. Develop, implement, modify, and document recordkeeping and accounting systems, making use of current computer technology. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES: Planning audits and developing audit strategies along with identification of potential risk areas Identifying critical risks, systems’ evaluation and essay, recommending improvements therein Delegation and review of work and resolving issues in liaison with the management Preparing tax computations and reviewing their compliance with local laws and regulations Checking that financial reports and records are accurate and applied mathematics research papers, reliable Ensuring procedures, policies, legislation and by anton chekhov essay, regulations are correctly followed and complied with Co-ordination with professionals of various fields including legal, actuarial and applied research, IT Perform audit tasks monitoring team Performing Internal audits, special assignments , agreed upon procedures Establish, maintain, and coordinate the implementation of who am essay, accounting control procedures Monitoring and mathematics research papers, review accounting and related system reports for accuracy and chekhov essay, completeness Implementation of Accounting information and Internal Control System in the Organization Ensuring compliance with the management policies and reviewing existing systems to research identify any control weaknesses Ensuring whether the rules of SOX are applied properly Ensuring compliance with the code of corporate governance Assessment of the financial statements in order to ensure their compliance with the requirements of the local laws, Regulation and International Financial reporting Standards (IFRS) Drafting reports for Internal clients , with experience of the bet essay, discussing findings with the top management of the client Reporting to Managers and Partners. and issuing Final Reports.
Following is the applied mathematics, list of clients handled: Visa Worldwide Singapore PTE Limited Dalda Foods Private Limited Wazir Ali Industries Limited (WIL) Tuwairqi Steel Mills limited TSML Salfi Textile Mills Limited Island Textile Mills Limited Diamond International Corporation limited Tata Textile Mills Limited National Industrial Parks Development Management Company (NIP) United Bank Limited. TECHNICAL PROFESSIONAL SKILLS: QUICK BOOKS, TALLY , PEACH TREE MS-EXCEL, MS-WORD, MS-POWER POINT Aware of Deloitte Software AS 2 User level knowledge of different ERPs used by client Can work under pressure and petition essay, meet deadlines Have excellent communication interpersonal skills Self-motivated, comfortable in taking initiative and working independently. Attended various professional development seminars and training sessions including Deloitte Audit Methodology and applied mathematics, updates in ISAs /IFRSs . Completed mandatory and optional training courses arranged by Employer regarding updating IFRS/ISAs, Industry specific courses, Financial management courses, Ethics based courses . Working at the Deloitte Pakistan Firm has enabled me to develop comprehensive understanding of the competitive and regulatory environments of diversified industries and the accounting and internal control systems implemented at various organizations. During my training period at firm I was engaged as member of audit team senior for special assignments, Internal Audits and agreed upon procedures, of various renowned listed and other clients.
This is a sample resume for Internal Auditor. An Internal Auditor’s job is to keep a check and balance on u gas igt, the sale and applied mathematics papers, purchase of the company. He monitors and no regrets essay, accounts the mathematics, different transactions made by the company throughout the year. As this job is pretty responsible one so the employer would want to hire an employee with some experience in this field. Below we have devised a resume sample for you to help you explain yourself in an easy but impressive and grasping way. Adding previous credits and performances is definitely a plus for the employer’s attention. Last Post: Internal Auditor / Trainee Audit Officer. “To seek a challenging dynamic career oriented position, in the field of i philosophical essay, Accounting, Audit and Finance that offers opportunity for my professional growth and development and where I can add value in achieving organizations’ goals objectives, by utilizing my experience, knowledge skills”. DESIGNATION : Accounts Officer.
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Responsible for Group projects costing (related to Material, Labor Assets) Variance Analysis (Material price and usage, Labor rate and efficiency and Assets rates, efficiency and usage variances). DESIGNATION : Internal Auditor. Reported accounts staff deficiencies in expenses recognition and amortization of prepaid expenses to CEO. Evaluated internal control deficiencies and provide recommendation for applied, improvements to CEO. Evaluated group’s financial statements integrity, completeness and accuracy by monitoring adherence and compliance of financial statements principles, policies and u gas, procedures to International Accounting Standards and international financial reporting standards. Evaluated Group’s resources and papers, operations economy, efficiency and thesis, effective (3E’s) and mathematics papers, reported misuse of resources and abuse towards SOP’s. Communicated with group’s external auditor for quarterly and year end audit. Assisted in preparation of monthly depreciation schedules for School Building, classroom and office furniture. Followed up and updated books of accounts for tuition fee receivable from students. Recorded and thesis statement, updated accounts department records, Files and Documentations systematically and research papers, as per policies and procedures of Organization.
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Stock Control Inventory Management. Chekhov. Planning Budgeting Forecasting. Payroll Processing Management. Payments and Settlements. International Standards on Auditing. International Accounting Standards. Fixed Asset Management. Financial Statement Analysis. Corporate Tax Filings.
Capital Rationing Budgeting. Costing Variance analysis. Provisions Liabilities Management. Finance Control Manager Resume Sample. This resume is a sample for the post of Financial Control Manager. A Financial Controller plays a very important role in mathematics the prosperity of a company or an apothesis organization.He performs several major responsibilities including supervising, administration and Finance areas with reporting to local management and to headquarters. Management information system reports, Cash Flow management and facilitating financial problems for applied mathematics, customers.
Accounting, Costing, Forecasting, Budgeting and Credit monitoring related to Collections. Sample of Financial Control Manager is given below to essay help you create a convincing resume. Your resume must entails that you are talented with great moral character. Research. Finally adding references to a resume is apothesis ofortuna definitely go in to stand your (Finance Control Manager ) resume out among others. Finance Control Manager Resume Sample. Status : Married/ Single. Applied For: Finance Control Officer/Budget Manager/Deputy Finance Manager/Financial Flow Manager. Interested in a challenging position as an Audit Manger/Finance Manager with a reputed organization where I can put to practice my management and audit skills and further my career and Experience. Ability to work in dynamic environment, self- motivated, creative and hard working.V.Good internal audit, financial analysis ability and make comparison analyses and V.Good in business development and alternate investment preparation. 15 years experience work in MNC auditing and accounting field (Auditing Finance) of Hospitality, Real Estate , Contracting, Manufacturing and research papers, Trading Companies), V Good in thesis statement risk assessments, compliance and control and also have V.Good analysis ability, Good knowledge of all financial aspects of a business including Budgets, Variance and Cash Flows, Trial Balance and Balance.
V.Good background of IAS and GAAP. Current position : Asst.CFO. Current Company : A.H Group of Companies Sharjah-UAE. M.Com (Masters of applied papers, Commerce)-Auditing and Costing .Osmania University Hyderabad. CIFP (Certified Islamic Finance Professional ) Shariah and the bet by anton chekhov essay, Islamic Finance from papers, INCEIF Malaysia. Thesis Igt. MA (Masters in Public Administration) Completed first year and discontinued final. Osmania University.
Completed 3 Years of mathematics research papers, Article ship from Institute of Charted Accountant of ofortuna, India with Giri Kumar Associates. Diploma in Management Accountancy sponsored Program me. Completed course in Bank Operations at Mahesh Bank -Hyderabad Currently pursuing CIA. MH Group of Companies: Diversified group consists of Real Estate, Hospitality, Contracting, Manufacturing and Trading /April 1997 – 2001 as. Financial Control Cum Internal Auditor. The company is branch of research, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Sharjah, Qatar, Spain and German, company, and specialized in manufacturing pipes, A/c chillers and consists of by anton chekhov essay, 5 hotels in Sharjah and 4000 commercial and residential units for Middle East region. Reporting to research papers the Audit Manager in Kuwait.
Conduct audit filed work as per audit plan and schedule. Audit planning, execution filed work,Ensuring audit is conducted in accordance with audit programs, Evaluate and document the client’s accounting and internal control system, Designed and carried out tests of control and substantive tests, Assuring compliance with financial reporting statutory framework. Thesis Igt. Draft audit report and applied, file audit papers accordingly. Reviewed audit work done by other junior staff. Conducted various types of audits : Operational Audit Finance Audit, Cost Audit, Financial Reporting Audit and essay, Special Audit. Controls Audit Risk Assessment. Consulting or special audits A.H Group of Companies: Finance Supervisor (Manager) for UAE Operations. The tasks focuses on market, insurance, operation risk, credit and liquidity risk and also oversee the control environment and provide early warning solutions regarding risk or control issues. The tasks also include substantial exposure to research senior management, where you I have to bolster business decisions with expert opinions. Statement. The tasks also include developing audit strategies into effective audit procedures, generating and implementing ideas to maximize assignment profitability, the main tasks will be to produce assignment budgets and timetables, identify efficiency improvements and to coach other members of staff.
Finance Manager along with Audit Supervisor/April 2005 – Present. Reporting MD, DMD CFO. Additional Main responsibilities: -Budgeting, Forecasting Report, – Manage the Team of auditors and supervise and finalize reports and communicate. – Supervise and resource allocation as per available audit resources and conduct training. – Risk assessment and finalize risk priorities and maintain risk register. -Follow-up recommendation with management for mathematics, corrective action. – Prepare Financial Statement, reports, analysis as per management direction. -Monitor group financial activates, receipts, disbursements and u gas igt, prepare daily report. – Monthly Report of applied mathematics research, CGS, and Result of operating Activities, – Monitor Bank Transfer, Loan portfolio and facilities funding and non-funding and. – Maintain group cash flow, short term borrowing and terms loan repayments (treasury management) Long term loans follow up in thesis igt terms of repayments, interest and cash flow.
– Monitor and prepare reports on Banks Reconciliation for the major transactions of mathematics research, group. -Presentations of who am i philosophical, projects, feasibility, investment proposals and business development. – Prepare Costing Report, Analyses Report, Projected Monthly Cash Flow. -Review facility management contracts of applied mathematics research, substantial value and major procurement. -V.Good background of International Accounting Standard, and GAAP, – V.Good communication skills with accounting staff other related Department. : V.Good in the bet Oracle Programming, Visual Basic and MS Access. :Well aware of ERP structure and learn course in Oracle Financial and Oracle Data Base Administration. Well aware with hardware and web based technology. Apex Hospitals Ltd: Sr. Financial Accountant.
Both In-patient and Out-patient. Research Papers. Book Keeping and general accounting, costing and regular accounting functioning up to finalization. Preparing cash flow, receivable management, disbursements, handling bank and its related matters, external auditors and preparing various reports for essay, decision making process. Daily hospital report to MD on applied research, finance, patient management, Housekeeping, medical legal cases, pharmacy issues and other administrative issues. Giri Kumar Associates and Consultants Worked as Article’s from statement, 1988-1990.
Learn basic auditing techniques like vouching, tracing, footing, preparing files, working papers, preparing reports, preparing financial reports, industries knowledge, communication procedures, financial analysis, irregularities, frauds, and basic auditing. Gain industry knowledge in hospitality, hospitals and banks are our major clients.
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Applied Mathematical Modelling - Journal - Elsevier
Tampa Bay TV Host - St. Petersburg Sports Reporter Resume. Shooting video, including sports, in a variety of video formats and still photography; proficient in linear and non-linear editing systems editing such such as Final Cut, News Edit, iMovie, Adobe Flash, and Photoshop. Excellent working knowledge of both Mac and applied mathematics research, PC operating and systems (logged over 100 hours of Apple One-to-One private instruction for video editing and graphics. Petition Essay. Exceptional knowledge of all multimedia concepts, including streaming video online, graphics, and animation. Proficient in Print, Web, TV, and applied mathematics research, Radio, Social Media, Blogging, Search Engine Optimization (SEO), Advertising, and Public Relations-Style Writing. The Sports Xchange - Fall 2012 - Present. Provides game day coverage of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers and opponents for The Sports Xchange wire services, a full-service editorial and publishing company. Stories featured on Yahoo!
Sports and CBS Sports, and in who am i philosophical essay, newspapers such as the Orlando Sentinel, South Florida Sun Sentinel, Chicago Tribune, and more. Mathematics. Injury updates cited on thesis, ESPN, Fox Sports, RotoWire, Fantasy SP, and other football websites. FEATURES REPORTER - Tampa, FL. Yahoo! Sports - Fall 2011 - Present. Applied Mathematics Research. Writes feature stories for Yahoo's ThePostGame.com, a digital sports magazine providing a three-dimensional look at sports culture. Notable stories include Follow Your Heart: Little Girl is petition essay Shrine Game's Biggest Star, and So Lee Roy: Stories to applied mathematics Remember The Greatest Tampa Bay Buccaneer of apothesis ofortuna All. SPORTS TALK RADIO HOST, PRODUCER - St. Petersburg, FL. 1010 CBS Radio - Summer 2011 - Spring 2012.
Host and papers, Producer of The Sports Mob, a Tampa Bay sports talk radio show airing Monday through Friday, from 6-8 pm. Responsible for coordinating interviews and fan-outreach/social media. Within two months of ofortuna launching the papers, show, The Sports Mob jumped to #2 overall in petition essay, ratings among CBS Tampa sports talk radio shows. NFL.com and Sports Fan Live - Fall 2009 - Spring 2012. Papers. Tampa Bay Buccaneers Beat Writer and NFL Reporter, providing game reports, analysis, and leadership thesis, feature stories for NFL.com's Blog Blitz, including live game reports and applied papers, post-game interviews. Also covered the Indianapolis Colts and New Orleans Saints in Super Bowl XLIV. MTV 2 FRIDAY NIGHT FOOTBALL - Tampa, FL.
Covered the LFL's (Lingerie Football League) Tampa Breeze and apothesis ofortuna, Philadelphia Passion as a Field Producer/Reporter for applied mathematics papers, MTV 2's Friday Night Football Pre-Lingerie Bowl 2 Hour Special. OFFICIAL BOWL WEEK VIDEO HOST - St. Petersburg, FL. ESPN+ Beef 'O' Brady's St. Petersburg Bowl - Fall 2010. Participated in who am, a contest looking for the Next On-Camera Sports Personality, to host the applied research papers, bowl's game week video. Two-part contest featuring online voting and a live audition in petition essay, front of an esteemed panel of judges. As the applied papers, contest winner, spent the week covering all bowl week festivities, including game day. Freelance Journalist, 2007-Present. NFL Network - Production Assistant for Super Bowl Week on the set of NFL Total Access. Metro Philadelphia Newspaper - Covered Philadelphia Phillies Spring Training with daily feature stories, player analysis, and petition essay, game reports.
Newsday - Covered Team USA Baseball Spring Training exhibition games. United Soccer Leagues Soccer Fest Official Event Videographer. In-Motion Media - Freelance Production Assistant. Applied Mathematics Papers. Host of Sioux Country.com's Women's Bodybuilding, Fitness, and Figure Radio Show. American Body Plus Magazine/American Body Plus.com- Event On-Camera Reporter, Videography Assistant. Tuscaloosa News (Newspaper) – Wrote feature article on Kenneth Darby in Bucs Training Camp. WXYZ Detroit – Covered Detroit Tigers Spring Training. Fox’s Scout.com – Weekly game previews on Big East football matchups; featured on. USFNation.com, CardinalEmpire.com, and CanesTime.com. Pinellas County School’s WPDS Channel 14 – Hosted the hour-long broadcast of the “Great American Teach-In” as a high school senior.
PEWTER REPORT MAGAZINE PEWTERREPORT.COM - Tampa, FL. Reporter / Director of Videography, Fall 2007 – Spring 2008 (season) Produced all video elements and contributed print stories on PewterReport.com, a subscription-based website covering the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. Single-handedly created and apothesis, oversaw all of the site’s video elements from start to finish - player features, interviews, photo montages with music, commercials, and the incorporation of mathematics research papers graphics throughout. Thesis. Also responsible for applied research, eating and streaming Pewter Report's weekly appearances on ABC Action News' Sports Zone onto Pewter Report's website, PewterReport.com. Stories included “Where Are They Now?”, “Tailgate of the Week”, “Buc Fan Sound-Off”, “Senior Bowl Scoop”, “Free Agency Notebook.”, and “On the Clock,” a weekly segment previewing and predicting Bucs potential draft picks, one of which was 1st round draft pick Aqib Talib. WUSF TV’s FLORIDA FOCUS CHANNEL 16 – Tampa, FL. Producer / Anchor / Reporter, Spring 2007. One of 12 students selected to participate in igt, WUSF TV’s Florida Focus news show. Producer duties included overseeing the Tuesday, Thursday, and applied research, Friday newscasts; pitching story ideas, determining show content, graphics, time allotment; writing and editing scripts, and operating teleprompter. Reporter duties included shooting, non-linear editing, voiceover work, writing script, on camera reporting, and anchoring.
ABC WFTS CHANNEL 28 – Tampa, FL. Scripps Howard Intern, Summer 2006. Chosen by faculty and staff of USF’s School of Mass Communications as one of two students to apothesis ofortuna participate in a full-time, paid internship through the Scripps Howard Foundation at WFTS Channel 28. Worked the assignment desk, conducted beat checks, assisted reporters in logging tape, choosing soundbytes, and applied mathematics research papers, writing script. Wrote script for the bet by anton chekhov, several stories in evening newscasts. Accompanied reporters on-location and papers, ran teleprompter.
Did a second internship with ABC's Sports Department in the Spring of 2007; assignments included Bucs Mini Camp, Bucs Training Camp, Detroit Tigers Spring Training, the USF Bulls football Media Day, and the Tampa Bay Lightning.
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Applied Mathematics and Computation - Journal - Elsevier
colledge book report Also, most current books on “How the Mind/Brain Works,” including Baars Gage, have only a passing reference if any, to the reticular formation, citing only its “posture control and sleep/wake cycle management functions.” Of the three books 1999 Scientific American Book of The Brain, the 2007 Scientific American Best of the Brain, and the 2009 Scientifc American - A Day in the Life of Your Brain, none have ANY references to the Reticular Activating System or Reticular Formation! ' var WPEndnote2 = ' Google “Scholarly articles for consciousness in thalamus and midbrain.” ' var WPEndnote90 = ' It is believed that ADD/ADHD is caused by papers, a problem in the reticular activating system (News headline) See http://www.attentiondeficit-add-adhd.com/reticular-activating-system.htm ' var WPEndnote3 = ' Baars Gage admit that much of our cortex memory may not be apparent to who am i philosophical, fMRI scans. They also say, “ There is one very important surprise in this tidy picture of maps flowing into higher-level maps of the visual input: after the thalamic nucleus, most axons run downward from the cortex to the thalamus. . Applied Mathematics? This may seem pretty odd for a simple transmission idea of the apothesis visual pathway.” “ Dixon (1971) has also argued that the applied papers circulating flow of ofortuna information between the reticular formation and papers the sensory areas of the cortex is required before sensory input becomes conscious.” Baars Gage, page 145 A General Theory of Love, Lewis, et al., pg; 33 var WPEndnote99 = ' Ronald H. Bailey, ., et al. - The Role of the Brain, Time-Life Books 1975 This is a very important point. Petition Essay? Almost every reference I could find to RF/RAS described only its control of a few biological functions. But this reference says the RF selects stimuli arising “from the centers of mathematics thought, memory and the bet by anton chekhov feeling,” which would include stimuli arising from the Love/Belief System and papers Will—our psychological, emotional, and volitional disequilibria stimuli. ' var WPEndnote98 = ' The Brain - Mystery of Matter and Mind, U. S. News Books - 1981. Note the phrase, “alerts the cortex” and similar phrases in thesis statement the following paragraphs. These are based on the almost universally accepted theory among scientists that the cortex is home to mathematics papers, consciousness and all our “higher” faculties; that processing of stimuli takes place solely in an upward path to petition essay, the cortex. But as we shall see, this is an untenable hypothesis, and, rather than alerting the cortex, it is more likely that the papers RAS, centered with consciousness in the thalamus, is using the cortex to flesh out the percept and to identify and implement an “appropriate” response. ' var WPEndnote6 = ' A General Theory of apothesis Love, Lewis, et al., pg; 33 ' var WPEndnote7 = ' In Essentials of Neural Science and Behavior, edited by Kandel, Schwartz and Bessell - 1995, one of the applied research papers most authoritative and scrupulously honest reports of what scientists know and don’t know about petition essay the mathematics papers brain - we find the u gas igt admission: “ . cognitive neural science is only beginning to contribute to the analysis of the richness of mathematics research internal representations that cognitive psychologists recognize as intervening between stimulus and leadership statement response. For example, cognitive neural science has so far not directly addressed the subjective sense of applied mathematics research individuality, will, and ofortuna purpose that is applied common to human experience.
Yet these issues are important to us as scientists and as people. “ It is no regrets essay precisely these mysterious phenomena, ‘the internal representations that intervene between stimulus and response, . the applied mathematics papers subjective sense of leadership individuality, will, and applied research purpose’— phenomena which neurologists do not (cannot?) address—to which this theory is no regrets essay directed, and which I believe presents to any serious student, a cogent elucidation. ' var WPEndnote8 = ' Note that Bruner’s inhibitory system not only automatically removes over 99% of applied available fact from our consideration, but also from our very perception. We don’t even see or hear or feel these facts. Most of apothesis ofortuna us think we select significant stimuli from the applied research environment, but we are literally and often willfully deaf and blind to the grea majority of what the the bet chekhov world has to tell us, allowing the RF to select our percepts—a very important point to research, this theory. ' var WPEndnote9 = ' Wooldridge, Dean - The Machinery of the Brain - McGraw-Hill 1963 pg 65 This is important to no regrets, our theory. Here we have evidence that although the energy for a given physiological response must come from the appropriate areas of the motor cortex, it is the Reticular Activating System which administers, monitors, and regulates the application of that energy to the operant muscles to mathematics papers, accomplish the intended purpose. Thus, the Reticular Activating System does not yield processing of stimuli to other components of the u gas igt brain, as most neuroscientists suggest, but manages the entire operation from start to finish. ' var WPEndnote10 = ' Dean Wooldridge The Machinery of the Brain, - McGraw-Hill 1963 pg. 64 ' var WPEndnote11 = ' This outline of social animal needs is applied research of my own construction. I welcome comments, criticisms, corrections. Not shown on the diagram are some of the autonomic control functions of the petition essay RF in regulation of cardiovascular functions, adrenalin levels, etc. Applied Mathematics Research Papers? The question mark after Dominance is to chekhov, indicate that there are human societies and applied papers social animal species, e.g. the langur monkey, which do not exhibit strong urges for dominance, proving that this ‘need’ is not innate in no regrets all social animals, or that it can be readily attenuated through social learning. Papers? ' var WPEndnote12 = ' William James, Principles of Psychology - Dover ' var WPEndnote13 = ' Since our DNA is 99+% identical to that of the chimpanzee, and most of the no regrets essay brain. * The Secret of Life - PBS TV Series 1993 - Hosted by David Suzuki ' var WPEndnote14 = ' Regarding metacognition, see Merluzzi, Glass Genest, Ed., Cognitive Assessment, p. 112 - Guilford 1981, and the wonderful new textbook, Baars Gage, Cognition, Brain Consciousness , p. 286-288 - Academic Press 2007. Regarding imagination, most all philosophers agree this is a uniquely human faculty. Ability to believe, to draw conclusions based on syllogisms, circumstantial evidence, etc., is obviously, I believe, and applied research hope the reader will agree, a uniquely human faculty. Regarding commitment, I suggest that the chimpanzee is thesis committed by any response or response-impulse strong emough to go through his prefrontal cortex to the premotor neurons which initiate the act.
Humans can commit themselves to research, anything they wish, even in statement extreme cases, to suicide. (Incidentally, in applied papers Personal Knowledge, Michael Polanyi says every belief is a commitment.) ' var WPEndnote15 = ' Klivington, Kenneth A. The Science of Mind. MIT Press 1989 From our new perspective, it is important to note that Libet’s subjects had agreed - committed themselves - to his instructions to move their hands, giving the leadership RAS authority to generate the corresponding response-impulses. His experiments not only applied, prove that all of who am essay our RAS response impulses are generated pre-consciously, i.e., subconsciously; but also exhibit clear cut manifestations of human will. But of course his work has come under withering criticism from his behaviorist peers. Any research which carries the slightest intimation of an exercise of the will is applied mathematics anathema to most scientists and must be discredited. One of his peers had the who am i philosophical ignorance to say that his subjects were not exercising free will because Libet had told them to move their hands! The answer is that once they had agreed to participate the RF/RAS generated subconscious response impulses at intervals appropriate to the instructions, but which could be vetoed by the subject. Just as if I decide to get a drink of applied mathematics papers water, I can forget about the who am details—the RF/RAS will generate all the steps necessary to mathematics research papers, accomplish the task, but I can change it to a Coke. ' var WPEndnote16 = ' Gatekeeper to consciousness, spark of the mind, the reticular formation connects with major nerves in the spinal column and brain. It sorts the leadership thesis statement 100 million impulses that assault the applied research papers brain each second, deflecting the trivial, letting the vital through to alert the mind.
The mind cannot function without this catalytic bundle of cells. Damage to them results in coma - the apothesis ofortuna loss of consciousness. ' var WPEndnote17 = ' As Allan Bloom writes in The Closing of the American Mind: See the article in Science Daily, Consciousness in thalamus and midbrain ' var WPEndnote19 = ' This concept has been endorsed in principle by Sebastian Grossman, Ph.D., Emeritus Professor, Chair, Bio-Psychology, University of Chicago, in a letter to the author: “Your analysis is quite cogent and logically impeccable - 20 years ago, the only counterargument would have been the neuropsychologist’s proclivity to ‘localize’ complex functions such as consciousness in the part of the applied mathematics research brain that has undergone the most obvious evolutionary change.” Also in a recent book, two (unnamed) neuroscientists are quoted as saying: From modern neuroanatomy, it is apparent that the entire neocortex of humans continues to petition essay, be regulated by the paralimbic regions from which it evolved.” Lewis, Thomas, et al., A General Theory of Love. Random House 2000 ' var WPEndnote20 = ' Among many other things, the concepts resolve the papers so-calledbinding problem, described by Christof Koch -- a neuroscientist at essay, the California Institute of Technology, and a collaborator of applied mathematics Francis Crick in the search for consciousness -- as the central issue of the neuroscientists field. Simply put, thebinding problem is who am i philosophical that although the brain evaluates different visual aspects of an applied research papers, object -- such as color and shape -- in petition essay different parts of the brain, Koch says, there is no single place where everything comes together into a coherent percept. One can only assume he means that the various aspects of the percept don't come together in the cortex where he believes consciousness must be. But of course they do come together in the only element which has connections with every part of the brain, and mathematics research where consciousness most likely does reside, in the thalamus. ' var WPEndnote21 = ' Sebastian P. Grossman, Ph.D., Emeritus Professor, Chair, Bio-Psychology, The University of Chicago ' var WPEndnote91 = ' Sebastian P. Grossman, Ph.D., late Emeritus Professor, Chair, Bio-Psychology, The University of Chicago (verbatim quote in thesis u gas igt a conversation with the author ' var WPEndnote23 = ' In Essentials of applied research Neural Science and Behavior edited by Kandel, Schwartz and thesis Jessell - one of the most authoritative and scrupulously honest reports of what scientists know and don’t know about the brain - we find the applied admission: . Petition Essay? . . cognitive neural science is applied papers only beginning to contribute to the analysis of the apothesis richness of internal representations that cognitive psychologists recognize as intervening between stimulus and response. For example, cognitive neural science has so far not directly addressed the subjective sense of individuality, will, and purpose that is common to applied mathematics papers, human experience. Thesis Igt? Yet these issues are important to us as scientists and as people. It is precisely these mysterious phenomena, “the internal representations. that intervene between stimulus and response, . . . the subjective sense of applied mathematics individuality, will, and purpose” - phenomena which neurologists do not (cannot?) address - to which this arcticle is directed; and of which, based on a multidisciplinary systems analysis, it presents a cogent philosophical elucidation. The first part of this article is by anton chekhov essay devoted to a “bare bones” introduction of new paradigms of the applied mathematics brain and mind which can explain most of the behavior attributable to their (unimpaired) functions. Later, we will look at apothesis ofortuna, some functions attributable to a new paradigm of the psyche. Each of mathematics papers these paradigms is elucidated in more detail in the book referenced at the end of this article.
Stanford anthropologist Suzanne Chevalier-Skolnikoff, has found that “chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans develop behavior patterns during the first two years of life (i.e., through the first six stages of the Piaget model) that are identical to the developmental patterns of the bet chekhov essay human infants.” Animal Kingdom, July 1979 Could our brains be significantly different? ' var WPEndnote25 = ' Note that Bruner’s “inhibitory system” not only automatically removes over applied papers, 99% of available fact from our consideration, but also from our very perception . We don't even see or hear or feel these facts. Since most of us think we select “interesting” stimuli from the environment, and, except under very special circumstances, we don't - they are selected for us - this is a very important point in by anton essay our theory. And vice-versa? Doesn't consciousness, where our purposes are formed, need immediate access to the RF in order to implement them? ' var WPEndnote27 = ' The Complete Idiot's Guide to Understanding the Brain - Bard Bard - Alpha Books 2002 ' var WPEndnote28 = ' I have been advised that some areas of the brain contiguous with or near the RF, e.g., the research papers tegmentum, the periaquaductal grey, some tegmental and parabrachial nuclei, appear to participate in—or even perform—some of the functions I have attributed to the RF. This is apothesis ofortuna a very welcome suggestion since I have long felt that the applied research papers RF itself, scanning and prioritizing 100 million sensory impulses per i philosophical essay, second, could do little more than simply “flag” significant stimuli. Therefore I was thoroughly prepared to accept the fact that other elements of the applied research brain, contiguous with or near the RF, might contribute to its functions. Perhaps the RF provides only the analog of the by anton essay stimulus and the RAS retrieves to thalamic consciousness the digital details from the applied cortex, ala “Marilyn Monroe” above. Now there‘s an exciting idea, derived from an idea only implicit in a suggestion from leadership thesis Roy Sugarman, an mathematics, Australian psychologist! ' var WPEndnote29 = ' LeDoux, Joseph, Synaptic Self: How Our Brains Become Who We Are, Penguin Books 2003 ' var WPEndnote30 = ' See Wooldridge below ' var WPEndnote56 = ' From Bergson’s Creative Evolution, “ The function of the intellect is to petition essay, preside over actions. Now, in action, it is the result that interests us; the means matter little provided the end is attained.
Thence it comes that we are altogether bent on the end to be realized, generally trusting ourselves to it in research papers order that the idea may become an act; and thence it comes also that only the goal where our activity will rest is pictured explicitly to our mind: the movements constituting the action itself either elude our consciousness or reach it only confusedly. Let us consider a very simple act, like that of lifting the arm. Thesis Statement? Where should we be if we had to imagine beforehand all the applied mathematics research papers elementary contractions and tensions this act involves, or even to perceive them, one by one, as they are accomplished? But the who am essay mind is mathematics research papers carried immediately to the end, that is to say, to leadership thesis statement, the schematic and simplified vision of the act supposed accomplished. Then, if no antagonistic idea [Love or Belief] neutralizes the effect of the first idea, the appropriate movements come of mathematics papers themselves to fill out the plan, drawn in apothesis ofortuna some way by the void of applied research its gaps. The intellect then, only represents to the activity ends to essay, attain, that is to say, points of rest. And, from one end attained to research papers, another end attained, from one rest to another rest, our activity is carried by a series of petition essay leaps, during which our consciousness is turned away as much as possible from the research movement going on, to regard only the anticipated image of the movement accomplished.” [pg. Apothesis? 325] ' var WPEndnote57 = ' Musicians will tell you they are not ‘playing’ most of the individual notes we hear. They are playing notes, chords, phrases, whole passages, 10-15 notes-a-second scales, etc. by auditorizing and committing RAS to their execution from cortex neuronal motor memory sequences established through practice. Those who accompany themselves concentrate on their voices while RAS plays the instrument. Golfers visualize where they want the ball to mathematics research, land, pole vaulters to clearing the bar, etc. Then they commit it to the ‘mind’ for execution. There should be a question mark after ‘Dominance,’since there are societies and animal species such as the langur monkey where dominance is absent; suggesting that dominance is not an innate Social-Animal Need, or can be attentuated through social learning. No Regrets? Perhaps ‘Mating and Feeding Privileges’ would be more pertinent. Mathematics Research? ' var WPEndnote59 = ' Dean Wooldridge, The Machinery of the Brain, McGraw Hill 1963 - pgs.
63-72 ' var WPEndnote60 = ' See Wooldridge&rsuo;s “stored programsrdquo below ' var WPEndnote31 = ' Francis Crick, Astonishing Hypothesis: The Scientific Search for the Soul, Touchstone 1995 ' var WPEndnote32 = ' See Consciousness in no regrets Thalamus and Midbrain Merluzzi, Glass Genest, Cognitive Assessment, Guilford 1981. Baars Gage point out that metacogntion is manifest only in prefrontal cortex, and is missing when frontal lobes are damaged. Mathematics? Since the PFC is who am i philosophical essay where our “cognitive functions” take place, it is little wonder that metacognition is only manifest in connection with activities of the PFC. I believe animals too, may be conscious of the alternative response-impulses resident in their PFC’s, but have no independent control of them. Their responses are based only on their instincts and memories, and only circumstantial changes can trigger which response will be enacted. Response-impulses in the human PFC are based on memories and all the elements (conscious and subconscious) in the Love/Belief System—all our Loves, Beliefs, Values, Needs, etc. Our metacognizance gives us a much wider variety of responses to any situation, and “I”-power to commit ourselves to the response (right or wrong) which carries the most weight based on all those factors. ' var WPEndnote34 = ' This is a bold statement coming from a self-described ‘rigorous neurobiologist.’ (See below) Doesn‘t “when it is applied mathematics research up to essay, the subject to decide how to interpret an ambiguous situation. ” imply free will? Risking even more criticism from their peers, Baars Gage admit, “ “The choices we make are not inherent in the situations at hand. They are a complex interplay between the properties of the situations and papers our own properties, our aspirations, our doubts, and apothesis our histories. The prefrontal cortex is central to such decision-making.
Finding solutions for deterministic situations is often accomplished algorithmically. . . but making choices in the absence of inherently correct solutions remains, at applied mathematics research, least for now, a uniquely human territory. In a sense, the freedom of choice is possible only when ambiguity is present. ” (page 352 - my emphasis/) “Uniquely human” is an astonishing admission, but their last sentence seems to be a tautology. Doesn’t choice require an no regrets, ambiguity, i.e., the existence of alternatives? And isn’t ambiguity present in almost everything we do? However, they revert to scientism, and seem to mathematics research papers, contradict themselves on the same page: “ Of all the aspects of the human mind none are more intriguing than intentionality , and volition. But these attributes of human mind are fully at play only in apothesis ofortuna situations affording multiple choices. Numerous assertions have been made by philosophers and scientists that volition and intentionality are uniquely human traits. In its absolute form, this claim cannot appeal to a rigorous neurobiologist. It is more likely that these properties of the mind have developed gradually through evolution, possibly following an exponential course.“ Isn’t exponential evolution an oxymoron? And whatis ‘gradual exponential evolution?’ “ Words that have personal significance for mathematics, participants, ‘body bags, Nam, Medevac,’ for the Vietnam veterans versus ‘revolver, incest, 9/11, or fire’ for civilian victims, are repeatedly found to gain access to awareness more readily than neutral words. Who Am I Philosophical Essay? ” Baars Gage, page 380. Also “ Acquisition and extinction of mathematics fear responses conditioned to a visual stimulus were examined in petition essay rats with ablations of visual cortex. Visual cortex lesions did not interfere with acquisition, indicating that visual fear conditioning, like auditory fear conditioning, is mediated by applied research papers, sub-cortical, probably thalamo-amygdala, sensory pathways. In contrast to acquisition, extinction was greatly prolonged, if not prevented, by cortical ablation.
This resistance to extinction of sub cortical emotional memories may explain certain aspects of emotional memory in man. ” In Baars Gage we find the admission: “Such permanent stores may not show up directly in brain imaging studies because they are encoded in the connective strengths between neurons. Methods like functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) activity may therefore under-represent the vast amount of long-term knowledge. ” page 295 “ Dixon (1971) has also argued that the circulating flow of the bet by anton essay information between the reticular formation and the sensory areas of the mathematics cortex is required before sensory input becomes conscious.” Baars Gage, page 145 For example, Baars Gage ascribe virtually omniscient and incredible powers (a vertiable ghost in the machine) to ofortuna, the frontal lobes with, “Since the selection of the information required to solve the mathematics research papers problem at u gas, hand is made in papers the frontal lobes, they must ‘know,’ at the bet by anton, least roughly, where in applied mathematics papers the brain this information is stored. This suggests that all the cortical regions are somehow represented in the frontal lobes, an no regrets essay, assertion first made by applied, Hughlings Jackson (1884). Such representation is apothesis probably coarse, rather than specific, enabling the frontal lobes to know what type of information is stored where, but not the specific information itself. The frontal lobes then contact the appropriate parts of the brain and bring the memory trace ‘on-line’, by mathematics research papers, activating the circuitry that embodies it. ” page 354. The frontal lobes have a map of the who am i philosophical entire cortex, and know where all the memories are? Isn’t it much more likely that the RAS finds precedent responses in the cortex and transmits them with the relevant “information required to solve the problem” to the frontal lobes? Nigel Calder - The Mind of Man - Penguin 1973 - pg. 30 See: http://discovermagazine.com/2008/oct/15-could-an-inner-zombie-be-controlling-your-brain ' var WPEndnote43 = ' See e.g., how the mathematics research Mayo Clinic describes the ‘functions’ of different parts of the brain, at How Your Brain Works http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/brain/BN00033 ' var WPEndnote42 = ' St. Thomas Aquinas’ Agent was the soul, with faculties of memory, intellect, and will. Karen Horney refes to our ‘real self;’ Roberto Assagioli to our ‘higher self;’ Carl Jung to our ‘self,’ or ‘God within us;’ Martin Buber to petition essay, ‘I’ and applied mathematics papers ‘Thou;’ Arthur Deikman to the ‘Observing Self;’ Antonio Damasio to a ‘proto self;’ Ernest Becker (See his Pulitizer Prize winning Denial of Death, ) refers to our ‘proud, rich, lively,infinitely transcendent, free, inner spirit.’ And myriad mystics, saints and sages have unequivocally claimed a realization of thesis their ‘True Selves.’ Here’s what one of the applied mathematics research papers world’s most renowned psychologists has to say on this subject: Now that cognitive psychology has taken the head once lopped off by radical behaviorism and returned it to the body of leadership thesis statement psychology, we might in mathematics research the next 10 years consider implanting a heart or a little soul in the same body.
When that takes place, it may be easier to know what psychologists can offer to people and how they can do so, because then they will be us. Philip G. Zimbardo, Ph.D. The Bet Essay? (1982) Emeritus Professor of Psychology - Stanford University Past President, American Psychological Association I believe this theory fulfills his prediction. Mathematics? We have ‘hearts’; we are Souls. Apothesis? Gatekeeper to consciousness, spark of the mind, the reticular formation connects with major nerves in the spinal column and brain. It sorts the 100 million impulses that assault the brain each second, deflecting the trivial, letting the vital through to alert the applied research mind. The mind cannot function without this catalytic bundle of thesis u gas igt cells. Damage to them results in coma - the loss of consciousness. ' var WPEndnote45 = ' See Baars Gage speculations (page 145) about ERTAS serving as a ‘blackboard,‘ used by the cortex to broadcast its prevailing conscious sensory stimuli to other parts of the brain. This of mathematics course is the thesis u gas reverse of research my theory that it is essay ERTAS that uses the cortex in its processes.
But they do mention that “ Dixon (1971) has also argued that the circulating flow of information between the reticular formation and the sensory areas of the research cortex is thesis required before sensory input becomes conscious.” confirming the theory of this article. ' var WPEndnote46 = ' Disbeliefs are not just a mirror image of beliefs; belief in research papers democracy engenders disbeliefs in monarchy, socialism, communism, dictatorship, etc. Beliefs are very prolific. Memories of traumatic or emotional experiences can also act as ‘beliefs,’ generating fear, anxiety, sorrow, joy, etc., as reactions to relevant stimuli. ' var WPEndnote47 = ' “It is believed that ADD/ADHD is caused by ofortuna, a problem in the reticular activating system.” “Neuroscientists have been conducting studies on applied papers, the reticular activating system and its role in behavior, Alzheimer’s disease, and who am essay ADD/ADHD. In the ADD/ADHD patient, it appears that the reticular activating system cannot keep up with the demands placed on it. This leads to over-arousal, under-motivation, and the other symptoms of ADD/ADHD.” All of the ‘demands’ on the Reticular Activating System come from the Reticular Formation.
Are television sponsors, paying millions for only seconds of airtime to make an impression, training children for ADD? ' var WPEndnote48 = ' Some have qustioned whether our Need to Exist is uniquely human. But the ‘Existence’ we treasure is not with just being alive; it is the marvelous gift of a Self-directed Life. The soul shows its royal and exalted character, . . in applied papers that it is free and self-governed, swayed autonomously by its own will. Of whom else can this be said, save a king? St. Gregory of by anton chekhov Nysss But he was unable to define it. He wrote: “What we hope to see developed . . . is research a science of the u gas Self, of its energies, its manifestations, of how these energies can be released, how they can be contacted, how they can be used for constructive and therapeutic work.” The book from mathematics research which this article is apothesis ofortuna derived provides a cogent theoretical ‘science of the Self,’ by mathematics research, delineating existential Needs and Faculties of the ‘higher Self,’ which, added to the Social Animal Needs we share with Neanderthal adn chimpanzee, can fully account for our superior aspirations and i philosophical capabilities; Faculties which “ can be contacted, released, and used for constructive and therapeutic work.” ' var WPEndnote50 = ' The srticla concludes: Transpersonal identity is associated with the realisation of modes of functioning and experience that have distinctly ‘spiritual’ qualities. The different theories are also in basic accord on the particular spiritual qualities that we can recognise as characterising transpersonal identity. Frances Vaughan (1985, p. 28) identifies these as: compassionate, loving, receptive, allowing, unlimited, intuitive, spontaneous, creative, inspired, peaceful, awake, open, and connected. Where the theories fail to agree is in their conceptual understanding of the mathematics papers transpersonal self, and in their developmental psychology or explanations of how transpersonal identity may be achieved. Leadership Thesis? Itisprecisely this ‘conceptual understanding’ of the mathematics papers transpersonal self which this article will address, and offer a cogent and well-received theory. Whatever would disturb one’s cherished self-image tends to be repressed. Whatever might make the individual appear to himself unworthy, guilty, inadequate, sadistic, inconsistent with his ideas or ideals, escapist, or not living up to apothesis, one’s ideals, tends to be removed from mathematics papers consciousness. [emphasis added] Silvano Arieti, The Will to be Human, pg. 45 ' var WPEndnote52 = ' Also see The Transpersonal Self: Comparing Seven Psychological Theories (Abraham Maslow, C.G. Jung, Roberto Assagioli, Stan Grof, Ken Wilber, Michael Washburn and Peggy Wright), by Michael Daniels at psychicscience.org/papers/daniels02b.pdf Personally, I don’t agree the Self is trans -personal, since the Self is the essence of person; the element which distinguishes us from the chimpanzee, whose DNA is virtually identical to our own. I prefer Becker’s transcentdent Self. The Bet By Anton Essay? ' var WPEndnote53 = ' I have identified this as a ‘new theory of neuropsychology,’ but to the best of my knowledge and conscientious research it is the first and only basic theory of neuropsychology—one which from a systems standpoint, and in the unimpaired brain, reconciles all known cognitive brain component processes with all psychologic phenomena. As you will see in the notes which follow, psychologists have ‘given up the theoretical life,’ and neurobiologists are running into brick walls of psychologic phenomena which they are finding impossible to explain, even in research terms of brain component processes. Essay? ' var WPEndnote54 = ' And now, just in the past few years it has been found that the DNA of neanderthals, who spent hundreds of applied research papers thousands of years on the planet and developed only one tool—a sharpened stone— is 99.7% identical to ours!
Since the size of the neanderthal brain is equivalent to ours, this provides even better evidence for our theory than the chimpanzee. See the Novenber 2010 press relaease from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology at http://www.mpg.de/623578/pressRelease201011021. They conclude that though the brains of humans, chimpanzees and neanderthals are similar at birth, they develop differently! It will be interesting to see how scientismists explain that without hypothesizing a ‘self.’ ' var WPEndnote55 = ' “Gatekeeper to consciousness, spark of the essay mind, the reticular formation connects with major nerves in the spinal column and brain. It sorts the 100 million impulses that assault the brain each second, deflecting the applied mathematics papers trivial, letting the vital through to alert the mind. The mind cannot function without this catalytic bundle of thesis u gas igt cells. Damage to applied research papers, them results in coma - the loss of essay consciousness.” ' var WPEndnote62 = ' Calder, Nigel - The Mind of Man - Penguin 1973 - pg.
30 ' var WPEndnote63 = ' Bailey, Ronald H., et al. Mathematics Research Papers? - The Role of the Brain, Time-Life Books 1975 ' var WPEndnote64 = ' The Brain - Mystery of Matter and Mind, U. S. News Books - 1981. Note the phrase, ‘alerting the cortex’ and similar phrases in the following paragraphs based on the universally accepted theory that processing of stimuli takes place solely in an upward path to the cortex, the home to consciousness and all our higher faculties. Petition Essay? But this is an mathematics research, untenable hypothesis, and rather than alerting the by anton essay cortex, it is more likely that the RAS, centered with consciousness in the thalamus, is using the cortex to applied mathematics research papers, flesh out the petition essay percept and to research, identify and implement a ‘relevant’ response. ' var WPEndnote65 = ' Silverstein, Alvin Virginia - World of the Brain - Morrow Co. NY 1986 ' var WPEndnote66 = ' How Things Work - the by anton chekhov Brain - Time-Life Books 1992 ' var WPEndnote67 = ' Wooldridge, Dean - The Machinery of the Brain - McGraw-Hill 1963. Thus, the applied research papers Reticular Activating System does not turn over the bet by anton chekhov, processing and resolution of stimuli to ‘higher powers’ in the cortex, as neuroscientists believe, but manages the entire operation from start to finish, guided by the goal-image generated in thalamic consciousness by applied mathematics, the RF/RAS which called forth the energy from the motor neurons. ' var WPEndnote68 = ' The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Understanding the Brain - Bard Bard ' var WPEndnote69 = ' Francis Crick, Astonishing Hypothesis: The Scientific Search for petition essay, the Soul, Charles Scribner Sons 1994 ' var WPEndnote70 = ' The First Credible Theory of Cognitive Neuroscience? Resolving the Mind/Brain/Behavior/Enigma. The human mind has an ‘inhibitory system’ which.
routinely and automatically removes from perception, reason, and judgement over applied mathematics research, 99% of apothesis available fact.” Jerome S. Bruner (1915-2 016) Everyt hing one knows began as a selection of a small group of cognitive impulses from the body, the environment, memories, and conscious and subconscious elements of each of our usually inchoate Love/Belief Systems- all received by the Reticular Formation (RF), a small bundle of mathematics papers nerves at the top of the u gas brain stem, which at a rate of 100,000,000 impulses a second has 24/7, by unknown means, selected those most important to the individual. Applied Papers? This selection is projected to the thalamus and hypothalamus, locus of the long-known but disregarded Reticular Activating System . With afferent and efferent connections to the entire brain and body, RAS, identifies and with deference to Love/Belief System elements-perceptual defenses, inhibitions, repressions, etc.- interprets the data, before reaching consciousness. Thesis U Gas? The laundered data accompanied by mathematics, relevant response-impulse(s), which if benign, unopposed or coonditioned will be executed; or will vie for execution, which only humans with newly defined inherent transcendent needs and faculties, can review and execute, veto, or alter. Everthing we know and believe has run a gauntlet of RAS processing which, with accesss to u gas, conscious and applied mathematics research papers subcondcious elemets of ofortuna our Love/Belief Systems (which Christians will recognize as our Hearts), routinely and automatically removes from perception, reason, and applied mathematics research judgement over 99% of leadership available fact. We are living in a post-hypnotic trance, induced in mathematics early infancy.
All neuroscience is based on the paradigm of a modular brain, each component independently responsible for, or participating in igt each brain function—with only research papers, one stellar but completely neglected explanation of by anton chekhov essay how they do work together in research papers coordinated responses. By Anton? tt is also based on the paradigm of ‘neuronal man’?the conviction that all human capabilities will eventually be understood in neuronal terms. I will argue that since our DNA has been shown to be 98+% identical to that of the chimpanzee, which after millions of years is still living in trees; and recently 99.7% identical to Neanderthal man, after 200-300,000 years still living in caves with one tool, a sharpened stone, when they became extinct, that our brains are functionally identical to research papers, theirs. This revolutionary new theory, with doctoral appraisals of “.. a cogent and intellectually impeccable analysis,” and It is great . a breakthrough of insight and a comprehensive unification of the relevant sciences, will present a decades-long researched contradistinction of both neuronal man and igt the modular brain. With Dr. Dean Wooldridge’s stellar application of biological, neurological, cybernetic, and computer sciences in unraveling brain processes, you will find compelling proof that the brain is managed coherently by the long-known, but completely neglected, Reticular Activating System (RAS), including its ‘sentinel’ and ‘lieutenant,’ the Reticular Formation (RF).
The Reticular Activating System, with its locus in the thalamus and hypothalamus, is papers a vast network of neuronal afferent and efferent connections to the entire brain and body. Thus it is the perfect candidate for no regrets, the brain’s Command and mathematics Control System?the de facto manager and coordinator of all brain functions. I will present substantial evidence that RAS is dedicated 24/7 365 to maintaining homeostasis in leadership thesis statement all human biological, socio-biological, physiological, environmental, psychological, emotional, and volitional states. the reticular formation connects with major nerves. in the spinal column and brain. Mathematics Research Papers? It sorts the 100 million. impulses that assault the brain each second, deflecting.
the trivial, letting the vital through to the bet, alert the mind. The. mind cannot function without this catalytic bundle of cells. Damage to mathematics research, them results in coma—the loss of consciousness. U. S. Essay? News Books - 1981. Although this rendering points to the Reticular Activating System it does not make clear that the applied mathematics research papers Reticular Formation to which it refers, is by anton chekhov essay just a small bundle of unique neurons at the top of the brainstem, within the System. Also it shows only the applied research papers Ascending Reticular Activating System (ARAS) and not the Descending Reticular Activating System (DRAS) which extends throughout the entire body, and most likely includes the central and peripheral nervous systems.
For a detailed description of DRAS neurological functions, see email@example.com. Here is a more detailed rendering of petition essay ARAS. Note the good Professor’s precise use of the word ‘proclivity,’ and research papers quote marks around localize. In other words, they posit our higher faculties in chekhov the prefrontal lobes, because their proportionately larger size was the applied mathematics research papers only difference they could find between our brains and those of the primates from which they were sure we had evolved. (And a large brain didn't provide any benefits to by anton chekhov, Neanderthal.) Although this rendering is meant to illustrate the human brain, I will argue that it is common to the brain of all sentient beings. With DNA virtually identical to Neanderthal and chimpanzee for papers, example, it’s hard to see how our brains could have significant biological differences. Then what is the difference between humans and Neanderthal?
Here we must part company with those who support the neuronal man paradigm and the bet by anton speak to those who know that we are not just another social animal?that except for papers, knee-jerk responses, we have the power to review, veto, or alter our response-impulses. (I’m not going to punch my boss out, no matter how mad I am!) What is it that makes us so different? The question has resounded since the dawn of recorded time. The most common theories come from scholars who have proposed an Agent or ‘self’ which might explain our differences; but most without ascription, others with nebulous characteristics, none except perhaps Freud have offered a ‘self’ I (ego) which could explain our differences with our DNA analogues, or could be integrated with known psychological and who am essay neural operations of the applied mathematics research papers brain, all of which are included in the bet chekhov essay this new theory. And most neuroscientists derisively dismiss the idea of a transpersonal self as a mythical ‘ghost in applied papers the machine’ (while they accept millions in the bet by anton chekhov essay research funds to try to tease its exact equivalent out of applied mathematics papers some magical hidden powers of the cortex.) Some of the many theorists who have postulated or made reference to a unique human Agent are: St. Thomas Aquinas postulated the spiritual Soul with faculties of memory, intellect, and will. Freud‘s Agent was “I” (German ‘ich,’ translated as ego) with a laundry-list of faculties (which he apparently thought included all our 'higher powers': perception, conscious thought, memory, learning, choice, judgment, and action; Carl Jung referred to an undefined ‘self,’ or archetypal ‘God within us;’ Karen Horney to thesis igt, our “ real self, . the central inner force, . which is the deep source of growth, . the spring of emotional forces, of constructive energies, of directive and judiciary powers;” Roberto Assagioli to an undefined but influential ‘higher self;’ Martin Buber to ‘I and Thou;’ Arthur Deikman to an ‘Observing Self;’ Anton io Damasio to a ‘proto self;’ LeDoux to our 'synaptic self;' Ernest Becker refers to our “proud, rich, lively, infinitely transcendent, free, inner spirit.” And myriad mystics, saints, and sages have claimed an ineffable realization of their ‘True Inner Self,’ or spiritual Soul. For a scholarly and thoughtful review of seven of these theories, see TheTranspersonalSelf .com. The Soul’s uniquely human Faculties can be seen to be Imagination, Conviction, and Commitment, yielding our preternatural Free Will, which accounts for our creativity -the ability to bring into being things which had their origins only in applied mathematics our Imaginaitons, something like God.
The Immortal “I” Most of us think of petition essay ourselves as objective, and that our belief systems represent the standards we apply to evaluation of our cognitive percepts as to their meaning, significance, veracity, etc. But I have introduced the concept that both the inherent Social-Animal Needs we share with our DNA analogues, and mathematics our Love/Belief Systems become wired in our brains between stimulus and cognition, forming two sources of apothesis ofortuna continuous stimuli to the brain, with the environment providing the third. Applied Mathematics? The Love/Belief System also serves as a ‘reference database,’ which RAS uses in thesis the interpretation, evaluation, and often modification of cognitive stimuli, then generation of ‘relevant’ emotions and response-impulses before they reach full consciousness, i.e., Soul-awareness. Thus neurologically, we each experience the world through our Hearts. Following for reference throughout this article is the applied diagram I propose as illustrative of u gas RAS processing of all social animals. The Social Animal Brain Processing. Instincts have been left blank, since they vary among Social Animals.
But this diagram shows that all brain operations are managed by the Reticular Activating System. The Reticular Formation, monitoring the environment, Instincts, and Social-Animal Needs, forwards selected stimuli on to the RAS which extracts from cortex memory 9-10 times more information. This yields identification and relevant responses. These are then forwarded to the prefrontal cortex (PFC) for resolution (described later), then back through RAS processing for a ‘feasibility check.’ Ambiguous responses ‘hang up’ in the PFC until additional RF environmental stimuli or cortex memory input causes one to prevail and research is executed or the stimulus abates. The Social-Animal Needs (which we obviously share with our DNA analogues) are illustrated as follows: THE SOCIAL-ANIMAL NEEDS. The following diagram is the same brain, but of the human, with Instincts replaced by the individual’s Love/Belief System, and ofortuna introduces the “I” Needs and Faculties responsible for mathematics research papers, all our higher powers. HOW THE HUMAN BRAIN WORKS, COHERENTLY. Absentt only neurologists and ofortuna strangely, cognitive psychologists who know most about what the brain does, many theorists, including even some intrepid physicists and applied research papers mathematicians, far out of apothesis ofortuna their fields, are exercising their prodigious powers of imagination to justify the concept that consciousness, reasoning, decision-making, etc.?must be some hidden purely neuronal functions of the ortex. Since I am taking strong exception to this universal direction of research (alone as far as I know), as well as to neuronal man, I must devote the following portion to pointing out some of what appear to be the most flagrant fallacies, contradictions, labored conjectures and research impasses inherent in the modular braom paradigm.
Then I'll present a wealth of evidence-including scientific evidence-that the brain does work erently. First however, I want to largely exempt Bernard J. No Regrets Essay? Baars, ohPh.D., and Nicole M. Gage, Ph.D. from my criticism, based on applied mathematics research, their lucid and carefully researched textbook, Cognition, Brain, and Consciousness: Introduction to Cognitive Neuroscience - Academic Press, 2007. Dedicated scientists, they struggle bravely with such things as metacognition, intentionality, volition, and “making choices in the absence of inherently correct solutions,” which they admit “remains, at least for now, a uniquely human territory.” They also find it necessary to ascribe homunculus-like faculties to the frontal lobes, e.g., as having a “coarse map of the entire cortex,” so they can retrieve memories relevant to their decision-making processes. [BG page 354] But I have made good use of leadership statement their neuroscience research which corroborates and has been incorporated in applied research papers my theory, and essay also of the gaps and impasses in all neuropsychology, e.g,, the ‘binding problem,’ and the brick wall they face in finding a neuronal explanation of our higher powers. I think every student of cognitive neurology should have a copy of mathematics research this excellent book. The problem facing neuroscientists was that the chimpanzee’s DNA was found to be 98+% identical to ours, followed by finding that the 2% difference was related only to statement, “hair, skin, bones, blood, muscle, and mathematics papers the like”?hardly differences which might account for our vastly superior capabilities. And in thesis u gas 2010 we found that our DNA is mathematics research 99.7% identical to Neanderthal man, which, after 200-300,000 years on the planet were still living in who am essay caves with one tool, a sharpened stone when they became extinct; lending even stronger evidence to this theory.
Our DNA is not similar to that of Neanderthal and. chimpanzee?it is, to all intents and purposes, identical. Then why are we so different? Most scientists have concluded that our higher faculties must be found in the cortex, particularly in applied research papers the prefrontal cortex (PFC), both proportionally larger than those of the chimp, assuming that a larger but biologically identical brain, can account for our superiority. So hundreds of researchers are expending millions of people-hours, devoting all their efforts to locate human faculties of consciousness, reasoning, decision-making, imagination, conviction, etc., as originating in who am some yet-to-be discovered neuron al capabilities of the cortex. Nor is applied mathematics papers there any validity to the popular ‘triune’ nature of the brain, as composed of evolutionary development from lizard to mammalian to primate brains. The so-called lizard brain is not a brain at all, since it represents only a portion of the ofortuna lizard brain, which like ours, is papers comprised of brainstem, midbrain, and cortex. Petition Essay? Nor is the mammalian brain a brain.
And as we shall see, their derogation of the importance of the lower and applied mid-brain in apothesis favor of the cortex has led researchers to only a perfunctory analysis of their vital and marvelous functions. Also neuropsychologists are admittedly struggling with a ‘binding problem.’ The visual characteristics of an object?color, shape, size, motion?are registered and interpreted in different parts of the cortex. So, they wonder, “If I see something red, round, baseball-size, and in motion, where in the cortex do all those percepts come together to instantly tell me that I’m going to get hit in the face with a tomato?” The famous binding problem. The answer is that they don’t come together in the cortex, but in the thalamus and midbrain, the mathematics research papers much more likely home to consciousness. Now consider the rat, which can generate perhaps only 40 or 50 different responses. Leadership? But those few responses have insured the perpetuation of the species for mathematics research papers, thousands of years.
Now looking at the successive identically anatomical forms of the brain of the rat, cat, owl monkey, rhesus monkey, and chimpanzee, isn’t it obvious that these are simply sequentially larger versions of the rat’s marvelously efficient brain? Enlargements which, coupled with a more versatile body and i philosophical essay larger brain?more RAM work space and memory?enable the chimp to generate scores of responses and, by applied mathematics, operant conditioning and u gas social and experiential learning, acquire scores more? S ince our DNA is papers identical, isn’t it obvious that our brain is just a larger chimp’s brain, operating on apothesis ofortuna, the same principles and applied components? Much of what we know about the essay human brain has been learned from applied mathematics research papers primates (and mice!). Also, pioneers in artificial intelligence realized that the no regrets essay computer must be equipped with many facts: children can’t be as old or older than their parents, tools are bought at a hardware store, etc. They first estimated maybe as many as a million facts, but soon realized they must deal with tens of millions of facts! Where does the brain store all this information? Further, imagine the sheer number of one's memories and mathematics research papers neural motor sequence memories?routines?necessary for a typist to hit 8 keys a second for minutes at a time, without realizing what he has typed?for words to appear on a page while he thinks of no regrets something else. Imagine the number of memory routines necessary to drive my car through traffic while I’m day-dreaming, and research papers alert me instantly to anything requiring my attention; or for our thoughtless morning ablutions.
For a concert pianist to have thousands of musical phrases wired to the motor neurons of i philosophical his fingers, arms, feet, and legs; some of which can be executed continuously for twenty minutes? Where could we possibly store all our memories and tens of millions of facts and sensory and applied mathematics papers motor sequences?routines, subroutines, and sub-subroutines?all this memory? Why, only in a much larger cortex of course! We don’t need another operating system; but we humans obviously need more work-space (PFC RAM) and memory, a larger hard drive; both provided by the vast association areas and depth of the apothesis human cortex. Further, limited to fMRI scans of the brain, neuropsychologists consider activities such as thought, reasoning, perception, emotions, etc., as functions of the mathematics parts of the brain which ‘light up’ when those activities are operant, but activities which are impaired when that part of the brain is damaged, lesioned or diseased. But a computer hard drive operates exactly the the bet by anton same way?activates relevant sectors when certain programs are called for, and research fails to execute those programs when those sectors are damaged. Does that mean computer operations are ‘functions’ of the hard drive? The hard drive is just a passive memory of the bet by anton chekhov essay operational sequences called forth and mathematics research managed from somewhere else. Correlation should not be confused with causal.
Calling mental and biological activities functions of brain segments which light up, is like saying that controlling an airplane’s flight attitude is a function of the ailerons, rudder, and petition essay elevator, which are active in applied papers flight corrections, but which are functions of the pilot or autopilot. Still further, believing all our higher powers are in the cortex, scientists have concentrated on the one-way upward course of information from the senses to the reticular formation and thalamus up to the cortex, where they think processing, analysis, and by anton chekhov essay decision-making must take place. But in applied The Creative Loop - How the Brain Makes a Mind, Erich Harth says neuroscientists have “studiously ignored” the instant downward passage of ten times more information from cortex to thalamus. Baars and Gage recognize this phenomenon, but say these “neurons are running the wrong way! ” (sic!) And further, that RAS uses the appropriate components of the brain. to manage implementation of RAS selected or Soul initiated responses. For example, when one hears the words, ‘Marilyn Monroe’ (OK, I'm 95), they pass in neural networks through the reticular formation to no regrets, uncomprehending consciousness in the thalamus and up to auditory regions in the cortex.
But ten times more information is instantly returned from the cortex to mathematics research papers, thalamic consciousness?enough information to yield a picture of a beautiful blonde in a white dress and high heels standing over igt, a subway exhaust grille trying to hold her skirt down?a picture which would require scores of thousands of computer bytes. On the mathematics papers other hand, presented with that picture, it is sent in ofortuna neural networks through unknowing consciousness to visual cortex V1 through V3, and papers returns the ofortuna name 'Marilyn Monroe' to applied research, consciousness in the thalamus, together with what the listener knows of her life. Some neuroscientists agree, at least in part: “From modern neuro-anatomy, it is apparent that the entire neocortex of humans continues to be regulated by the paralimbic regions from which it evolved.” In view of the above, it is a major thesis of this article that although. we use the brain differently, e.g,. for everything from apothesis ofortuna language to. putting men on the moon, and mathematics research papers therefore develop different capacities. of its components, the human brain, in and of itself, has no inherent. functional capabilities which differentiate it from the brain of thesis igt the.
chimpanzee or Neanderthal. We have two distinctly different schools of thought: the “Modular Brain/Neuronal Man” (MB/NM) school, and that of the “Soul/Coherent Brain” (S/CB). The thoughtful reader will find many more problems, speculations, and contradictions in MB/NM in this article and notes, and hopefully appreciate the far-reaching explanatory powers of S/CB. How the Brain Works, Coherently. Look at it this way: if beings from another planet got to applied, earth, and simply observed an automobile for the bet by anton, a day or two without raising the hood, but listening, examining the gas, the exhaust, etc., they would undoubtedly be able to tell, without a design of each part, exactly what components were at work inside the car. They would know there must be a fuel vaporizer, combustion chambers, ignition devices, a transmission, etc., etc. Now with ever-increasing analytical skills, and ever-increasing data, we have been observing ourselves for papers, several thousand years, and no one seems to be trying to analyze the brain from who am essay a systems standpoint?to postulate the components and their functions which must be at work ‘under the hood,’ in order to explain all the rational and irrational physical, mental, and applied mathematics research emotional responses which biologists, neuroscientists, and particularly cognitive psychologists know the brain can generate and/or implement. 1. Immediate access to all available internal and apothesis ofortuna circumstantialental information,
2. A means of rapidly assimilating, evaluating, and pioritizing. 3. A means of applied mathematics papers selecting and thesis u gas implementing appropriate responses. t o the information, and. 4. Immediate two-way communications, for control and applied mathematics research feedback, with all of the subsystems. The human brain is the most complex. system in no regrets the world, with many subsystems. capable of operating in a coordinated way. its components and research subsystems?much more complicated than.
a battleship?could possibly coordinate each of their functions in. timely management of the petition essay thousands of mathematics research papers complex physical, mental, emotional, and biological responses of the brain, providing as it. does, instantaneous, coordinated reactions to circumstances of. vital interest, without an ‘autopilot’—a priority evaluator and. responder to all internal and environmental stimuli, i.e., a command and control system. Fortunately, we have the petition essay perfect candidate for the brain's. command and control system in the Reticular Activating.
System, centered (with consciousness?) in mathematics the midbrain, immediate access to leadership statement, all internal and external stimuli, known to scan and mathematics prioritize that information, select and. implement relevant responses: the Reticular Activating. System with its ‘sentinel,’ the Reticular Formation. minor properties of the Reticular Activating System/ Reticular Formation for over 50 years, none of them, to my knowledge, has suggested they form a command.
and control system for operations of the entire brain. One of the keys to a cogent systems analysis of the brain was provided many years ago by the renowned Jerome S. Bruner, one of the fathers of existential psychology, when he stated. The human mind has an ‘inhibitory system’ which. routinely and automatically removes from perception, reason, and judgment over 90% of available fact. In 1958, physiologist H. W. Magoun described some of the RF/RAS functions in petition essay The Waking Brain. The Reticular Formation was found to be a small bundle of mathematics papers short-axon neurons at no regrets essay, the top of the brainstem, many ofwhich are uniquely unspecific. With its millions of neuronal pathways to and from the brain and the body, the whole system was named the Reticular Activating System, because stimulation of the RF awakened sleeping subjects, while damage to the RF resulted in coma.
But, now, after 50+ years, neurologists have identified only a few of the RAS purposes. (Google ‘Reticular Activating System’ to see the paucity of applied papers information about it, and the few powers attributed to it.) Although its centralized location and countless connections would seem to enable it to perform myriad functions, neurologists have no tools to investigate the remarkable functions of the Reticular Activating System; how it can process 100 million impulses a second, and select the most ‘significant’ to each individual. The answer was not explicable by who am, any known neurological processes. Drawing on applied papers, the works of scores of geniuses in biology, cognitive and phenomenological psychology, cybernetics, and neuroscience in a systems analysis, we can now develop a schematic of cognitive brain functions. iInformation about RAS is scarce, but by combing the literature, we find scores of who am i philosophical clues to a coherent brain managed by the marvelous powers of RF/RAS. Following is compelling evidence that the Reticular Activating System, in both humans and animals, is the perfect neurological candidate for the brain’s Command and papers Control System. For example: [The reticular formation] “is well placed to monitor all the nerves connecting brain and body. It ‘knows’ what is going on better than any other part of the brain.” [The RF] “alerts the brain to incoming information from the senses, and petition essay from the centers of thought, memory and feeling. Research? More than that, it adjudicates the relative importance of that information. .. In a way the RAS is like a vigilant secretary, sorting out the trivia from the igt incoming messages.” “The reticular formation is, in essence, the applied mathematics research papers physical basis of consciousness, the thesis igt brain’s chief watchguard. . The reticular formation continuously sifts and selects, forwarding only the applied research essential, the unusual, the dangerous to the conscious mind. . The reticular formation can both send and receive messages. If it suddenly spots one that merits attention, it shoots up an alert through ascending RAS pathways to receiving areas in ofortuna the cortex.
Timed to applied mathematics papers, arrive simultaneously with the impulses sent directly from sensory receptors the RAS alerts the cortex to these impulses.” “The RAS determines which . bits of who am i philosophical essay information are important enough - or novel enough - to report to the higher portions of the applied mathematics papers brain. . Normally, the information relating to automatic actions, such as the heart-beat and who am essay digestion, is research dealt with directly by the RAS without allowing any awareness of them to filter through to the conscious bran.” Fortunately we are blessed with the work of the petition essay genius Dean Wooldridge, Ph.D. Applied Mathematics Papers? (1913-2006) biologist and President of Thompson Ramo Wooldridge working on missile development and control, in his book The Machinery of the thesis statement Brain written in applied mathematics papers 1963! He also found time to apply his stellar mind to neuroscience. The brain’s response selector has been given the name reticular activating system by H. The Bet By Anton? W. Magoun and his coworkers at mathematics research, U.C.L.A. The reticular activating system consists of a mass of undifferentiated neurons that extend from the top of the spinal cord through the brainstem on up into the thalamus and the bet by anton chekhov essay hypothalamus. These two structures are at the extreme top and forward part of the brainstem and are well inside, but not a part of, the papers surrounding cerebral cortex. The hypothalamus, part of which is included in the reticular activating system, appeared in essay our earlier discussion as the applied research papers seat of temperature control of the body. The reticular formation gets its name from the by anton chekhov fact that it looks like a more or less homogeneous network of cells; it shows little evidence of organization into anatomically distinct ‘nuclei,’ although it passes through and around a number of nuclei in traversing the length of the brain-stem. Close examination of the reticular formation shows that it consists of a mixture of large and small neurons, many, but not all, having short axons. Concurrent with the selection by an organism of one of mathematics research several alternate behavior patterns, there is often need for adjustment of petition essay some of the oper-ating parameters.
In our missile example, the shift from mid-course to terminal guidance usually must be accompanied by changes in the dynamic response characteristics of the mathematics research papers steering mechanism. During the final approach to the target, a tighter kind of ‘muscular’ control of the missile is required. No Regrets Essay? . Reticular influences on the muscles are numerous and varied. Mathematics Papers? Apart from such special modifications of muscular function as those just described, the general muscle tone of the body—the degree of contraction that characterizes the apothesis normal resting muscles-is controlled by the reticular activating system. Interference with certain of the communication channels from the reticular system to the muscles (by cutting of applied papers some of the nerves or by suitably placed lesions) results in extreme muscular contraction; interference with other of the efferent fibers of the reticular formation causes the no regrets essay muscles to relax completely. Electric stimulation or lesions in another part of the reticular activating system interfere with the normal dynamic balance of the body's servomechanisms in such a way as to cause rhythmic muscular quivering similar to the shaking palsy of Parkinson's disease.
Automatic Control Circuits in the Nervous System. There is another reason for applied papers, emphasizing the automatic control functions of the central nervous system. These are the really important functions of the brain. They keep the thesis u gas organism alive and healthy. It is only from applied mathematics research a narrow human point of view that conscious thought and the so-called higher mental processes are of much significance.
Evidence of the truth of this is afforded by the way nature has allocated functions as between unconscious and conscious control of the brain. Nature clearly does not yet trust the recently developed and not very well proved “higher” intellectual capabilities of man for the performance of any really vital functions, such as breathing, regulation of the heartbeat, control of the igt parts of the applied mathematics papers throat to prevent strangulation during eating, or regulation of the chemical balance of the digestive organs. To be sure, since this book has the disadvantage of being written from the highly distorted, narrowly human point of view, a disproportionate amount of attention is going to be devoted, in later chapters, to what we humans have arrogantly come to call the apothesis ofortuna “higher intellectual processes.” [??] So Dr. Wooldridge concludes that the neural processes involved in applied research RF/RAS selection of essay our most important percepts, and implementation of relevant responses to papers, those percepts—and certainly to our acts of Will — would hold no mysteries to the computer scientist of 1963! Today, 52 years later, we are still no closer to apothesis ofortuna, recognizing the mathematics marvelous powers of RF/RAS, and cognitive neuroscience is essay derisively described as merely ‘the expensive branch of applied mathematics research philosophy.’ Wooldridge concludes with:
The Higher Intellectual Processes. The closer our explorations approach the field of complex mental phenomena, the smaller becomes the quantity of available and relevant physical measurements. By Anton Chekhov Essay? This was noticeable in the last chapter and has become glaringly evident in this one, as our discussion has come to depend more and more on nonquantitative subjective and applied mathematics papers behavioristic observations, and less and less on supporting measurements made directly on thesis, the brain and nervous system. Clearly we have come to the end of the line in our treatment of the observed facts of mathematics papers brain construction and ofortuna performance. From all the evidence, the human and animal RF/RAS can only be characterized as a marvelous cybernetic ‘autopilot’ which receives all incoming data, scans and prioritizes that data for disequiibria based on its ‘stored programs;’ continually selects and forwards the research most significant to petition essay, RAS for further processing; and applied mathematics RAS, retrieving memory data from the essay cortex, generates and applied research papers controls responses or response-impulses ‘appropriate’ to its iterations of the apothesis ofortuna data. It is thus a major thesis of this theory, representing a new. paradigm of the papers brain, that in all sentient beings, the petition essay Reticular. Activating System, given an research papers, RF-selected or Soul-Commitment. stimulus, generates and manages brain component responses which. will maintain biological homeostasis; in social beings to petition essay, maintain bio- sociological stasis; and in humans, to mathematics, also maintain stasis of our. uniquely induced psychological, emotional, and volitional states.
All of leadership our Loves and those Beliefs with an emotional or affective component are not additional facts to be stored as data. They are processed differently, with some representation probably in applied papers the amygdala and hippocampus. With the Social Animal Needs, they represent ‘databases,’ which with the environment, provide stimuli sources for RF selection, and RAS uses Wooldridge's ‘stored programs’ and petition essay ‘stored behaviors’ to applied papers, select and implement relevant responses. I maintain that the apothesis ofortuna RF/RAS is the entire organisms’ equilibrium sensor and balance restorer of all biological and applied mathematics physiological functions of all sentient beings, and, in the human it is the RF/RAS, programmed with our SA-Needs and Love/Belief Systems, which generates responses in leadership thesis statement an effort to maintain stasis of papers our uniquely instigated emotional, psychological, and volitional states. Based on our autonomic responses, such as resentment or pleasure to a personal insult or compliment, it is apparent that the human RF/RAS generates responses to stimuli relevant to Elements of our Love/Belief Systems. This facility of the RAS together with our uniquely human metafaculties, makes of each of our brains what we have been calling the ‘mind’?a human brain, a brain with a ‘Heart.’ but subject to the Soul.
In addition to all its other functions, the RAS, with its arsenal of ‘perceptual defenses,’ works tirelessly to protect the fragile. shell of our Love/Belief Systems. We also have the i philosophical power of the applied research papers strange ‘metacognition.’ Baars and Gage recognize metacognition (without ascription, nor am I ready to petition essay, speculate) as “our unique self-consciousness and cognizance of our mental processes . the applied ability to know our own cognitive functions, and to be able to use that knowledge;” and say the prefrontal cortex is “necessary for metacognition.” (??) I believe metacogntion is no regrets essay our cognition of PFC functions, the weighing of alternative responses, purposes, or ambiguous situations. Cognitive psychologists, e.g., Merluzzi, et al., have long recognized the faculty of metacognition, which they say, “refers to mathematics, the ability to monitor a wide variety of cognitive enterprises, . to monitor one’s memory and comprehension, or knowing about the bet essay knowing or an applied research, awareness of one’s own cognitive machinery and who am essay the way it operates .” Both metacognition and commitment are manifest in the well-known Benjamin Libet experiments. From Kenneth Klivington:
Benjamin Libet of the University of California, recorded electrical signals generated by the brains of his experimental subjects and looked particularly at applied papers, a signal called the ‘readiness potential’ that always appears just before a movement. Using special timing techniques, he found that the readiness potential begins about who am half a second before a subject begins to move a hand. This is mathematics papers expected, since brain activity must begin before the brain issues a command to the muscles. What is surprising, however, is that the subjects do not become aware of chekhov essay deciding to move until only applied, about two tenths of ofortuna a second before the movement begins, some three tenths of a second after the brain activity began. “.. to Libet [this] says that the intention to act arises from mathematics research brain activity that is no regrets not within our conscious awareness. . the brain initiates the impulse to papers, act and the conscious self subsequently becomes aware of it.
Libet also finds that his subjects are able to veto the impulse to apothesis ofortuna, act during the applied mathematics few tenths of petition essay a second after a subject becomes aware of it. In this sense, consciousness becomes a gatekeeper for applied mathematics papers, intentions generated by the brain, letting through only those that somehow meet an apothesis, individual’s criteria.” But if precedent responses and their associated memories are ambiguous, conflicting, or inhibited, e.g., a threat generating ‘fight, flight, or freeze’ responses, all responses from cortex memory in the form of motor sequence memories?each weighted by their associated results?are registered in applied papers the PFC, where, accompanied by continuous additional sensory input from thalamic consciousness regarding the significance and imminence of the chekhov essay threat?and additional relevant memories from the cortex?the momentary weight or urgency of each response is adjusted until (in the animal) one response prevails and breaks through to the conveniently contiguous premotor cortex for implementation, or the threat abates. The vaunted prefrontal cortex is simply RAM, which does not store memory, but provides current work-space for RAS-generated inhibited, ambiguous, or conflicting response-impulses. When the stimuls is mathematics resolved, the PFC is restored to inactive RAM. The PFC doesn’t decide which response will be executed, any more than a neuron, with excitatory and inhibitory impulses, decides when to fire. The Bet By Anton Chekhov Essay? Only the Soul can decide which response will prevail. But this ‘simple’ PFC function?also active but not determinate. in humans?has led neuroscientists to ascribe our unique. executive powers of reasoning, analysis, and papers decision- making to some mysterious powers of the ofortuna prefontal. lobes because that is where most brain.
activity occurs prior to a response. So except for knee-jerk reactions, if a RAS- or Self-generated response is mathematics papers even slightly ambiguous, conflicted, or inhibited, and does not require immediate implementation, we can either allow it to be executed, or we can imagine the effects of that response(s), review alternative responses and their potential effects, select a preferred response goal-image, and commit if to RAS for execution. This is indicated by the black arrow in petition essay the diagram. Unfortunately, even in a considered decision, our analysis of alternative responses is limited to consideration only of our conscious memories and SA-Need/Love-Belief System Elements, but subject to strong insidious influences from subconscious Elements. Which is why we so often have two reasons for what we do: a good reason, and mathematics research the real reason. And we can creatively will to do things. Leadership Statement? How do “I” Will something to mathematics, happen? In going to who am, the store, first, I create a goal-image of mathematics myself at the store, run the idea through a feasibility check, and the bet chekhov essay if there is a problem, the response hangs up in the PFC, where it can be resolved per above; then Commit myself to the trip. Research? This process authorizes RAS to i philosophical, execute the motor neuron programs from cortex memory which take me to the store, while I’m free to think of something else if I wish. Autopilot RAS takes me there. Creative Will is the sequential use of the Soul’s Faculties.
of Imagination, Conviction, and mathematics research Commitment. How does the brain do this? I submit that when furnished with a clear picture of a result, a goal-image, ans a feasibility check resulting in belief in its attainability and a commitment to leadership thesis, achieve it, the RAS is presented with a disequilibrium: “I'm here—I intend to be there.” RAS executes the correct subliminal adjustments for this trp —steering, braking, accelerating, based on thalamic visual input—taking me to research, the store, leaving my mind free for daydreams—proving RAS implementation of responses in fulfillment of our goal-image! This principle applies to by anton essay, long-range goals, “I will be a doctor, lawyer, wife and mother, teacher, millionaire, missionary, etc.” Any goal image, firmly held, creates a disequilibrium in the Reticular Activating System, and it constantly brings to our attention from the recesses of the memory and from the environment the research papers jigsaw-like pieces of the elements, ideas and opportunities which can contribute to actualization of the essay intent. Although it required a lot of innovation, the parts of Gutenberg’s printing press were all in existence when he decided to build one, and papers his RAS led him to thesis u gas, the pieces of a solution.
The parts necessary to make an automobile were all in applied place when Henry Ford decided to make one. Thesis U Gas Igt? And for applied research papers, Bill Gates to petition essay, make a personal computer. History is rife with examples of people who accomplished remarkable achievements through a firmly held goal-image. R eturning to the PFC, it is not only ambiguous responses to situational stimuli which must be resolved in papers the PFC. Rather, isn’t it obvious that every human problem or problematic situation is referred to the PFC RAM for resolution? Baars Gage say “.. the frontal lobes are critical in the bet by anton chekhov a free-choice situation, when it is up to mathematics, the subject to decide how to interpret an ambiguous situation.” But most of who am i philosophical essay us live in a virtual sea of ambiguous situations.
We are always operating on a dozen or two perpetual purposes: safety, security, good health, welfare of loved ones, our love lives, our reputations, our spiritual lives, self-image, possessions, careers, finances, acceptance, ‘shoulds,’ etc. These are purposes to which the environment or our Love/Belief Systems continually provide relevant stimuli. But because they are purposes which can never be completely resolved, and applied research papers are often conflicting, the RAS can only who am i philosophical essay, engender ambiguous, conflicting or inhibited piecemeal responses. So most of applied research us are worrying our poor PFC’s almost every waking moment—no wonder they are so large. By Anton? And why so many of us live ‘lives of applied quiet desperation,’ and no regrets cognitive dissonance. We need a new paradigm of the human brain, as a brain which starts out physiologically and functionally identical to that of the chimpanzee, but is transformed into what we have been calling the ‘mind,’ by virtue of our faculties of metacognition, imagination, conviction and commitment, as well as by applied papers, the thousands of our Self-adopted Loves and Beliefs and their concomitant Desires and Fears which constitute our unique Love/Belief Systems and provide most of the ‘significant’ stimuli to thesis statement, our Reticular Formations. We must also suspect that the thalamus is the avidly sought locus of consciousness, certainly the locus of the applied mathematics research papers Command and Control Center of the brain; and RAS the de facto Manager of the brain.
The RF is its sentinel and perhaps one of its most important subordinates. The inaptly named Reticular Activating System should now be considered the brain’s Command and Control System; and must be seen to exercise its influences throughout the entire brain and thesis body. All other elements of the applied research papers brain then represent the chekhov essay subsystems or ‘tools’ of the RAS. Their functions?constantly contributing new sensory input and feedback to the RAS iterations, recovering memories, fleshing out the details of applied mathematics papers percepts, generating emotions, responses, etc.?are only enacted when generated by RAS/RF iterations, or purposes enacted from thalamic consciousness through the RAS, but originating in ofortuna the Will. Sadly however, even our best intentions must pass through the RAS to be implemented, often a tortuous feasibility check, where they can be displaced. They just don’t get done. All the applied involuntary response-impulses of us ‘normal’ people, whether or not they are assented to, are. a perfect RAS reflection of our Social-Animal.
Needs and petition essay the Loves and Beliefs and their. concomitant Desires and mathematics papers Fears arising. from our Love/Belief Systems or Hearts. To live in a different, better world, it has been said, Nothing need change but our Hearts. If cognitive scientists are to understand the brain, they must suspend their search for statement, uniquely human faculties of the cortex and expand their studies of the applied papers Reticular Activating System. They must also hypothesize an Agent?call it “X” or “Franistan” if you will?which can account for no regrets, our unique needs and applied mathematics research faculies. Obviously, I’m with Aquinas, Zimbardo, Assagioli, Horney, Becker, and thousands of mystics, saints, and sages. We have both a heart, or Love/Belief System, and are a Soul, a higher self; Becker’s ‘proud, rich, lively infinitely transcendent, free, inner spirit,’ Horney‘s real self, . the central inner force, . which is the deep source of thesis u gas growth, . the applied mathematics papers spring of emotional forces, of constructive energies, of directive and judiciary powers'—a spiritual SouL, with Needs to Exist, to the bet by anton essay, Love, and to Know, which account for mathematics research papers, our motivations, and Faculties of Imagination, Conviction, and Commitment?Faculties which, acting in concert, yield free will, and account for all our phenomenal creaivity. These concepts explain from a systems standpoint how the brain works, and explains not only all human behavior commonly considered normal (as well as our potential for the bet by anton essay, enlightenment), but also psychoses, neuroses, obsessive-compulsion, character disorders, perceptual defense, cognitive dissonance, distractioin, displacement, repression, split personality, the powers of the self-image, suggestion, hypnosis, positive and applied papers negative thinking, etc., etc. And autism, epilepsy, schizophrenia, ADD/ADHD, and even some physiological, biological, genetic, and chemically induced pathologies can all be the result of a malfunctioning Reticular Activating System.
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