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Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Packaging Contents - TH due amplifier - Printed Quick Start Guide - 1.0 m AC Link (RJ-12) cable - 1.0 m AD Link (RJ-45) cable - 2.0 m USB cable - USB/AC Link converter - TH crossover kit composed of: N. Essay! Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Installation External size 510 mm / 20.07#x201C; How to essay, fix Fixing size f 4.3 x 10.5 mm 3/16#x201D; x 7/16#x201D; 478 mm / 18.82#x201D;. Do I Of An Essay! Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto Fixing tem Warning: to essay and ismene, properly print the services hampton, template at on antigone the real size, select the #x201C;None#x201D; option into the #x201C;Page Scaling#x201D; setup. After printing, cut the www argumentative essay, sheets along the blue reference line and essay on antigone and ismene, then glue them. Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto Fixing template. Paragraph! Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto DC OUT DIGITAL AUDIO CONTROL BUS ADRS 1 - AC Link - 2 OPTICAL OUT - AD Link - IN Mode A level panel spacer 66 mm (2.6#x201D;) Mode B level panel 26 mm (1.02#x201D;) spacer. Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto DIGITAL AUDIO CONTROL BUS ADRS 1 - AC Link - 2 OPTICAL AD Link - IN level panel spacer 66 mm (2.6#x201D;) level panel 26 mm (1.02#x201D;) spacer. And Ismene! Terminals to connect mono speaker system if the amplifier is argumentative thesis configured in mono (Bridge). See Input Controls section. Protection Fuse Connection Audison AFS 100 A. How to essay, remove the panel / the www argumentative essay, protection knob.
Page 13: How To Connect The Power Supply. Car audio and essay on antigone and ismene, car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Rear Panel How to connect the argumentative against, power supply Super Capacitor Fuse Holder Battery Ground Ground. And Ismene! Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Rear Panel How to replace the www argumentative, fuse Fuse AFS 100 A (provided) Page 15: How To Connect The Speakers In Stereo Mode. Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Rear Panel How to connect the essay on antigone and ismene, speakers in stereo mode About Input#x2019;s configuration see pages: - 20 #xF7; 22 #x2013; Analog Input - 38 #xF7; 45 #x2013; Digital Input X-Over X-Over Left Channel. Page 16: How To Connect The Speakers In Mono Mode Mix L+r. Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Rear Panel How to connect the essay paragraph, speakers in mono mode MIX L+R Useful to drive a Subwoofer or a central channel by giving a stereo signal in input and having the electric sum of the on antigone, right and left channel coming out, plus the possible action of the essay, internal electronic filter crossovers if featured. Page 17: How To Connect The Speakers In Mono Mode In R. Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Rear Panel How to connect the speakers in mono mode IN R Useful to drive a Subwoofer, a central channel or any amplified system in Dual Mono, by means of a mono signal in input and having the essay on antigone, same signal going out, plus the possible action of the internal electronic filter crossovers if featured. Car audio and resume writing services roads, car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Input controls Functions Description Adjusts both channels input sensitivity. It features 2 ranges, one #x201C;Hi#x201D; from on antigone .3 to 1.2 VRMS and thesis against, another #x201C;Low#x201D; from on antigone 1.2 to 4.8 VRMS. Resume Writing Services Hampton Roads! By keeping the knob pushed for three seconds you can change the on antigone, range.
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Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Electronic Crossover TH in Mono Mode When the amplifier is set up in a mono configuration, it is possible to set the crossover slope at 12 or 24 dB/Oct. - The TH-MXR.1 board must be inserted;. Car audio and paragraph, car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Electronic Crossover TH in Mono Mode When the amplifier is set up in a mono configuration, and ASC is essay on antigone and ismene set at pet relationship 24 dB Oct., it is anyway possible to essay, set the crossover Low-pass at 12 or 24 dB Oct. Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Electronic Crossover How to class of 2018, insert - TH in on antigone, Stereo Mode Not inserted module (default configuration) You can verify the crossover presence by checking the ASC Status Monitor. Thesis! See page 58 TH in Stereo mode Hi-pass. Car audio and essay, car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Example: Two Way, mono configuration, TH amplifier Analog Input In order to essay, build a Standard System you have to: 1- Insert the TH-MXR.1 board with its relative filter module (if required);. Page 30: Two Way + Bi-amplified Sub, Th Amplifier, Analog Input. Car audio and essay, car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Example: Two Way + bi-amplified Sub, TH amplifier Analog Input In order to build a Standard System: You have to writing, follow same steps as per essay on antigone, the above example. Car audio and argumentative thesis statement abortion, car goods internet store Winauto REM Out WM1 or WM2 Pre Out Source POWER mono mono LEFT 12 V RIGHT Front Panel Rear Panel Tweeter DRC (Optional use) SW1 or SW2 WM1 or WM2 Midrange Passive Crossover POWER mono mono. Page 32: Two Way + Bi-amplified Sub, With And Without Th Amplifiers, Analog Input. Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Example: Two Way + bi-amplified Sub, with and without TH amplifiers.
Analog Input In order to build a Standard System: You have to follow same steps as per the above example. Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto LEFT RIGHT SPEAKER PRE OUT PRE IN PRE IN PRE OUT SPEAKER mono mono mono Tweeter Midrange Passive Crossover Rem IN SW1 or SW2 WM1 or WM2 POWER mono mono 12 V LEFT RIGHT Front Panel. Thesis TH amplifiers through the and ismene, AD Link system (Audison Digital Link). Each amplifier independently takes care of the D/A conversion. Five Essay! While in the Digital Input mode the essay on antigone, DRC needs to essay, be connected, so it works as an actual general volume and source selector control, capable of repeating all the essay and ismene, low frequency controls (Master Volume, Balance, Fader, Sub Volume). Page 35: Asc - Amplifier Status Controller. Supplement Essay Of 2018! Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due ASC - Amplifier Status Controller Functions Description Default display TH due STATUS DISPLAY: it is the visual element of the ASC system, a back-lit two line 32 character LCD display;. Essay! Page 36: Setup Amplifier: Main Input. Select this entry when the amplifier is connected through the AD Link to a system managed by pet relationship essay, an Audison external processor (such as the essay, Bit One).
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Car audio and and ismene, car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Front Panel How to connect an essay, analog and a digital source in a system featuring more than one TH amplifier TH configured in Stereo mode Analog/Digital Optical S/P DIF Input: Pre Out: Analog/Digital AD Link. Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Front Panel How to connect an analog and on antigone and ismene, a digital source in a system feauring other non-TH amplifiers TH configured in Stereo mode Input: Analog/Digital Optical S/P DIF Stereo Analog Pre Out: Power Output. Car audio and princeton supplement essay class, car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Front Panel How to connect an analog and digital source in a system featuring more than one TH amplifier TH configured in Mono MIX L+R mode Input: Analog/Digital Optical S/P DIF Pre Out: Analog/Digital AD Link. Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Front Panel How to on antigone and ismene, connect an five paragraph, analog and a digital source in essay and ismene, a system featuring other non-TH amplifiers TH configured in Mono MIX L+R mode Input: Analog/Digital Optical S/P DIF Pre Out: Stereo Analog Power Output. Car audio and paragraph, car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due ASC - Amplifier Status Controller Setup Amplifier: Amp ID TH in Stereo mode AMP ID stands for Amplifier IDentification. The AMP ID is a way to identify the task the amplifier performs inside the system.
Page 48: Setup Amplifier: Amp Id-preout (th In Stereo Mode) Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due ASC - Amplifier Status Controller Setup Amplifier: Amp ID-Preout TH in Stereo mode The AMP ID can also be assigned to the PRE OUT output. This function is and ismene extremely useful in pet relationship essay, case the essay on antigone and ismene, TH amplifier is supplement class of 2018 added to and ismene, a pre-existing system featuring not only princeton class of 2018, TH amplifiers or if you want to add to the TH system a non-TH amplifier. Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due ASC - Amplifier Status Controller Setup Amplifier: Amp ID and essay, ID-Preout TH in five essay paragraph, Mono mode MIX L+R Amp ID ID-Preout MENU PRESS PRESS ENTER TO ENTER ENTER ENTER ENTER ENTER TO. On Antigone And Ismene! Car audio and pet relationship essay, car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due ASC - Amplifier Status Controller Setup Amplifier: Amp ID and ID-Preout TH in on antigone, Mono mode IN R By selecting an AMP ID entry which takes advantage of the amplifier for argumentative thesis abortion, the left channel, you can assign one single entry dedicated to the left channel to the ID Preout.Vice versa, by selecting an AMP ID entry which takes advantage of the amplifier for the right channel, you can assign one single entry dedicated to essay, the right channel to the ID Preout. Car audio and indent the first paragraph of an essay, car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due Front Panel How to adjust the essay on antigone and ismene, PRE OUT analog output As already said, the AMP ID can also be assigned to the PRE OUT output, but not only to it. Through the essay, AC Net software also the essay on antigone, PRE OUT sensitivity can be adjusted to align the gain of the amplifier connected to that output, thus adapting sensitivity according to essay class of 2018, the system general volume increase and decrease. Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due ASC - Amplifier Status Controller Setup Amplifier : X-Over Slope with TH in on antigone and ismene, Mono mode When the essay paragraph, amplifier is set Mono configuration, you can choose the essay on antigone and ismene, crossover filter slope. Select 1- 12 dB/oct: in this case, the Low-pass slope switch on essay paragraph, the TH-MXR module will not be active.
Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due ASC - Amplifier Status Controller DUAL POWER BIAS CONTROL A revolutionary function called Dual Power was introduced for the first time in the HV venti. Controlling the amplifier#x2019;s output power configuration, this function allowed the predetermination of the amplifiers output power and of the grade of the outputs operational class. Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due ASC - Amplifier Status Controller DUAL POWER Values 300 W 300 W 80 W 80 W 200 mA 40 mA 10 mA 7 mA 7.4 A 6.2 A 3.5 A 2.0 A. Car audio and essay on antigone, car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due ASC - Amplifier Status Controller Setup Amplifier: DUAL POWER Settings How to change presets on the Memory (DRC required) The TH uno can be set with only statement abortion, one operational mode at a time, while the essay, DRC can manage four customisable memories. Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto REM Out WM1 or WM2 Source Digital (Optical) Out POWER mono mono LEFT 12 V RIGHT Front Panel Rear Panel Tweeter DRC (Necessary) SW1 or SW2 WM1 or WM2 Midrange Function: Master Volume Passive Crossover POWER mono. Do I Paragraph! Car audio and essay on antigone and ismene, car goods internet store Winauto Pre Out REM Out Analog Source Digital (Optical) Out WM1 or WM2 Digital Source POWER mono mono LEFT 12 V RIGHT Front Panel Rear Panel Tweeter DRC (Necessary) Function: Source Selector Midrange SW1 or SW2 WM1 or WM2 (Analog IN / Optical IN) Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto LEFT RIGHT SPEAKER PRE OUT PRE IN PRE IN PRE OUT SPEAKER mono mono mono Tweeter Midrange Rem IN Passive Crossover SW1 or SW2 WM1 or WM2 POWER mono mono 12 V LEFT RIGHT Front Panel. Thesis Abortion! Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due ASC - Amplifier Status Controller Status Monitor This feature of the ASC provides the ability to monitor the amplifier working status by moving through the different entries the essay on antigone, data regarding the indent the first of an essay, working TH amplifier will show. When displaying a value, if you do not act on any of the buttons for 5 seconds, the ASC automatically goes back to on antigone and ismene, the default display screen. Car audio and www argumentative, car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due ASC - Amplifier Status Controller Runtime Monitor This function of the ASC provides the ability to alternately show on the amplifier display the information on on antigone, its operational status. Five Essay! Through this setup you can select the fields you want to on antigone, be visibile when the amplifier is on.
For each field you can select YES to have the entry show on the display. You have to access to the ASC and at least set the AMP ID. Essay! Left channel general protection. The amplifier will try to restart 5 times. Amp off Contact Audison Technical Support. Right channel general protection. Essay On Antigone And Ismene! The amplifier will try to restart 5 times. Amp off Contact Audison Technical Support.
Page 62: Drc - Digital Remote Control. Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due DRC - Digital Remote Control (not provided with TH amplifier) The DRC is a microprocessor digital system providing remote control and monitoring of the resume roads, TH amplifiers. Once connected it performs important functions such as: - Source selection (it also provides the ability to essay on antigone and ismene, use the optical digital input as main source, checking its main volume) - Main volume control. AMPLIFIER ADDRESS TH AMPLIFIER MODEL (ADRS) PROTECTION TYPE Left channel general protection. Princeton Supplement! Amp off Call Audison Technical Support. Essay! Right channel general protection. Amp off Call Audison Technical Support. Left channel overload protection. Autoreset Check speaker load. Right channel overload protection. Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due DRC - Digital Remote Control DRC - How to resume writing, connect DRC/AC Link cable (provided) DRC - How to and ismene, install 35 mm / 1.38#x201D; #xD8; 2 mm / 1/8#x201D; Flush mounting External mounting 3.5 mm / 0.14#x201D;.
Page 65: Acnet - Audison Control Network. Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / TH due ACNet - Audison Control Network Software to resume writing, control Audison amplifier Hardware Requirements: 1024x768 Display Optimized - 96 dpi Font size - 1 x USB port (1.1 compliant) Car audio and car goods internet store Winauto ADVANCED MANUAL / ACNet ACNet - Audison Control Network Functions Description on this area the essay on antigone, TH amplifiers connected to the system through the the first paragraph of an, ACLink will be displayed. This screen will show the essay on antigone and ismene, TH amplifier model name and its ADRS.
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Students who visit the website of a particular school to read its admission guidelines can often find out the average GRE scores of princeton supplement class of 2018 students who gain acceptance into the institution. This is essay on antigone and ismene a good way for a student to find out what he or she needs to achieve on essay the GRE in order to and ismene make it into a particular graduate school. Growing Stronger in Every Subject on the GRE. Taking a practice test is one of the most effective ways of finding a studentís strengths and weaknesses on the GRE. With the help of his or her instructor, a student is able to pinpoint skills that need improvement. This prevents a student from devoting too much study time to skills that he or she already knows. Once a student realizes what needs improvement, he or she can receive guidance from www argumentative, a Veritas Prep instructor regarding how to sharpen those skills. In many cases, our instructors provide students with a whole new way to approach a reading question or a math equation. Essay On Antigone And Ismene! Not surprisingly, many students continue to argumentative thesis statement practice the skills they learn at Veritas Prep all of the way through graduate school! Once students begin to strengthen specific skills for the GRE, they gain a new sense of confidence and a more positive attitude toward the test.
Strategies and Tips for the GRE. We understand that most students want to excel on the GRE. On Antigone And Ismene! Average scores are seen as a baseline by ambitious students who want their graduate school application to stand out in princeton supplement a crowd. The strategies our instructors share with students help them to complete the test in the most efficient way possible. For instance, we teach students how to filter out the most significant parts of a written passage so they can determine the correct answer option. We also offer students strategies that assist them in on antigone simplifying complicated math equations. Supplement! We guide students in learning how to jot down an outline that includes elements that will help them to essay create two organized essays for indent the test. Our professional instructors are very familiar with the GRE, so they are able to convey tips to students based on their own test-taking experiences. The Night Before the Test.
Veritas Prep students benefit in a number of on antigone and ismene different ways from our GRE prep courses as well as our first-rate study resources. But, there are additional things they can do to feel ready for the test. Princeton Supplement Class Of 2018! For instance, the evening before the test students can be sure to eat a nutritious dinner with plenty of protein as well as fruits and vegetables. A healthy meal the night before the test can set the stage for a successful test day. Also, students are wise to get to bed early so they feel well-rested the next day. Trying to cram information the essay night before the thesis statement against GRE is non-productive and adds to a studentís stress level. Students can contact our staff by telephone or email to find out more about our GRE prep services.
We are glad to offer more information about our online or in-person courses. At Veritas Prep, we want all of our students to perform at their very best on the GRE! How to Effectively Prepare for the Analytical Writing Portion of the GRE. The analytical writing section is one of the three parts of the GRE. Students are asked to essay write two different types of essays for this section. These essays reveal a studentís ability to understand what an author is conveying, organize ideas in a logical way, use specific examples to pet relationship essay support their ideas, and and ismene write in www argumentative essay a clear, concise manner. Letís examine how to prepare for analytical writing, GRE essay tips, and more:
The Analytical Writing Section on the GRE. Students are required to write an issue essay and an argument essay for the GRE. For the issue essay, students must read a statement about a familiar topic. Then, they write an essay explaining whether they agree or disagree with the statement. Students should use specific examples to support their position. For the argument essay, students must read and analyze an argument put forth by an author. Then, they write an essay proving that the argument is either logical or illogical based on specific examples from the text Ė the argument essay does not ask the student to agree or disagree with the authorís statement. Itís important for students to read the essay on antigone specific instructions that accompany both the issue and argument essays on the GRE. There are several things students can do to prep for pet relationship this section of the GRE. Analytical writing practice is very helpful for students who want to become more adept at creating both types of essay on antigone and ismene essays.
Itís a good idea to start the www argumentative essay process by making an outline that highlights the important points that a student wants to include in an essay. Essay On Antigone! Then, a student can refer to the outline to stay on track while writing. Students are given 30 minutes to write each of the essays for the GRE. Analytical writing practice should include using a timer to make sure that a student can finish writing an essay in essay paragraph the allotted amount of time. Of course, a student must factor in the time it takes to read the authorís statement, create an outline, and complete the essay itself. Getting the timing right can take some of the stress out of writing the essays on test day. Examine Successful GRE Essays. Along with writing practice essays for the GRE, analytical writing preparation should include reading essays that received high scores on the exam. Students can look at on antigone and ismene, the various components of these essays as well as how they are organized to get an idea of what test graders are looking for.
Some students may find it beneficial to use a high-scoring essay as a guide as they practice writing their own issue and argument essays. For many students, itís useful to see the arrangement of ideas in these high-scoring essays. Often, students who write these successful essays follow a very simple outline that any student can use. Learning New Vocabulary Words. Another important part of essay GRE analytical writing preparation is learning how to use appropriate words to get a point across in an essay. Students can expand their vocabulary by essay on antigone, reading newspaper and magazine articles to become familiar with commonly used words and their definitions. Some students make flashcards to help them learn these new vocabulary words. In addition, a student has the opportunity to read well-crafted sentences in these types of publications. Students can also benefit from looking at the vocabulary words used in essays that received high scores on the GRE. Even if students donít use all of do i these newly-learned words in their GRE essays, they may use them in future assignments and papers written for graduate school courses. In short, itís always beneficial for a student to and ismene add to princeton essay class of 2018 their supply of on antigone and ismene vocabulary words.
At Veritas Prep, we teach our students how to prepare for analytical writing. GRE test-takers who study with us get the tools and confidence they need to write high-scoring essays. Each of our online GRE tutors earned an impressive score on the exam Ė this means we have the inside track on the analytical writing section, as well as every other section of the test! We teach students practical strategies that allow them to show off their essay-writing skills on the GRE. Contact our offices to sign up for one of www argumentative essay our effective GRE prep classes today!
How to Write an Effective Argument Essay for the GRE. The Graduate Record Examination, or GRE, has three sections. Essay On Antigone And Ismene! One of those sections measures a studentís analytical writing skills. For this section, students are required to write both an issue essay and an argument essay. GRE graders look closely at of 2018, the evidence included in a studentís argument essay as well as the organization of all of the various components. Learn what an argument essay is and get some tips on how to write an outstanding one for the GRE. What Is the GRE Argument Essay?
The argument essay on the GRE requires students to evaluate an argument put forth by essay, an author. A studentís job is to examine the authorís reasoning and the first of an essay evidence as well as the overall organization of the argument. Ultimately, a student must decide whether the authorís argument is logical. If a student decides that the authorís argument is illogical, then they must give specific reasons to support that analysis. For example, a student may point out unanswered questions or faulty pieces of evidence in the argument. Alternatively, if a student decides that an authorís argument is logical, then they must offer evidence supporting that analysis. When writing this essay, students should not reveal whether they agree or disagree with the authorís argument. Furthermore, students should not share their views on the subject being discussed. The purpose of this essay is to and ismene reveal a studentís skills in analyzing and evaluating an argument. Tips for Writing GRE Argument Essays.
There are many useful tips that can help students write an excellent argument essay. GRE test-takers may want to pet relationship essay begin by jotting down notes on a scrap piece of paper as they read the on antigone and ismene authorís argument. The few minutes that a student dedicates to taking these notes can ensure that they include all of the important points in the final essay. Students should always read the instructions paired with each GRE argument task before starting to write. Not every argument essay has the resume services hampton same set of instructions Ė for example, some instructions require students to focus on an authorís assumptions, while others ask that students focus on unanswered questions in the argument. These are just two examples out of many types of essay on antigone instructions given to students tackling the statement GRE argument essay. Itís also a wise idea for a student to draft an outline for the essay before beginning to write it. Following an outline can increase the clarity and organization of an argument essay. Our GRE courses at Veritas Prep provide students with the tools and strategies they need to craft a notable argument essay. Our instructors have taken and essay mastered the GRE, enabling them to pass on valuable tips to students.
We offer several tutoring options , including online and in-person instruction, to make GRE preparation as convenient as possible for our busy students.` Preparing for the Argument Essay. Most students want to argumentative thesis statement abortion do everything they can to write a clear, organized argument essay. GRE prep should include essay-writing practice. Students can write a practice argument essay, then dissect it sentence by essay on antigone and ismene, sentence to make sure it contains all of the necessary elements.
As a note, the GRE gives students 30 minutes to write an argument essay, so itís a good idea for students to time themselves when they complete their practice essays. Resume Services! That way, they know how much time they can spend on making notes, drafting an outline, and essay on antigone writing the www argumentative essay. Itís also helpful for students to study essays that received a high score on essay and ismene the GRE. An outstanding argument essay contains vocabulary words that add to the clarity of the writing. Paragraph! Students can expand their supply of vocabulary words by reading online articles, newspapers, and magazines. They may want to jot down some words commonly used in these publications. On Antigone! Flashcards are helpful study tools for argumentative statement against abortion students who are learning unfamiliar words and their definitions. Our instructors can teach students how to write a GRE argument essay. We offer practical advice and guidance that students can use as they move through the and ismene steps of writing a convincing essay. Also, our instructors give valuable encouragement to students to help them have a confident mindset on princeton supplement essay test day. Contact Veritas Prep today and on antigone and ismene let us help you boost your essay-writing skills!
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Understanding Online RN to essay on antigone, BSN Programs. The Institute of essay, Medicine suggests that the number of nurses with bachelorís degrees should reach 80 percent by 2020, a goal that is essay, taken seriously by many in the field. An online RN to BSN program offers the potential of improved salaries and a greater range of employment opportunities. Argumentative Thesis Against Abortion! The following guide examines this bridge program in full detail, providing information on coursework, how to find a quality program, timeline, and also firsthand insight from a graduate. If youíre ready to essay and ismene, learn how to enhance your skills and advance your nursing career, read on.
Keith Carlson is a Board Certified Nurse Coach who works under the auspices of Nurse Keith Coaching, where he helps nurses create satisfying, healthy, and enriching careers. A nurse since 1996, Carlson also writes the award-winning nursing blog, ďDigital DoorwayĒ, and is the writing services hampton roads co-founder and co-host of RNFM Radio. The Profile of an essay and ismene, RN to BSN Student. If you are considering pursuing an RN to BSN online program, you may recognize aspects of yourself in one or more of the following scenarios, although your exact educational and professional background may differ. Sometimes, studying at a college or university doesnít fit everyoneís style.
A student may have begun studying the www argumentative biological sciences, but during the course of the four-year degree program, that student realizes that college may not be right for him or her. On Antigone And Ismene! Instead, a career in nursing--one that does not necessarily require the completion of a bachelorís degree--seems to offer another potentially remunerative and satisfying career path. Instead of finishing college, this student decides to pursue his or her RN through an associate degree program. After graduating, the www argumentative RN accepts a job offer and begins his or her career. Essay On Antigone! Over time, this RN may occasionally feel a lack of self-confidence in the context of various professional circumstances. The nurse now feels that perhaps a bachelorís degree is indeed the best recourse, since it offers a deeper knowledge and understanding of princeton essay of 2018, nursing, medicine and healthcare and, thus, enabling the essay on antigone nurse to enhance his or her job performance and paragraph level of professionalism. This nurse decides to return to school in on antigone order to earn a bachelorís degree, and essay finds that an online RN to and ismene, BSN program fits his or her work schedule and lifestyle better than a traditional school setting. RN Wanting to Advance His or Her Career. Though being a RN is one of many positions attainable without completing a degree from a four-year college, not having a bachelorís degree may come with limitations. Even if an RN has achieved the highest level of seniority in a particular healthcare setting, that RN may eventually hit a ceiling in regards to princeton supplement essay, vertical job mobility, salary, or even professional satisfaction.
Not having a bachelorís degree in nursing could potentially mean an RN cannot advance into a certain position, such as a managerial or supervisory role. This could also result in the nurse not being able to hold the same level of responsibility at another facility, since that facility may require their nurse managers and essay on antigone supervisors to be baccalaureate-prepared. At some point, this RN may tire of struggling to get ahead, and begins seeking a new way to do i the first paragraph, break through that ceiling and advance his or her career. Essay On Antigone! The RN begins researching degree programs, and realizes that an online RN to BSN program may be his or her best option. With a BSN, the RN could better qualify for positions such as head nurse, department chief, administrative manager, or clinical nurse manager.
RN with Children and/or Other Responsibilities. Whether an RN wants to learn more about the nursing field, a traditional classroom setting may not be practical. A bachelorís degree takes many hours to complete both in and out of the classroom, and in www argumentative essay a traditional learning setting, those class hours are fixed, regardless of a personís schedule or obligations. Many RNs work during the day, which would exclude them from daytime classes. Meanwhile, other nurses work night shift, which would equally exclude them from essay on antigone nighttime classes. Www Argumentative Essay! Still others work two jobs or double shifts, which means there is little time for schoolwork.
If the RNís work schedule doesnít fit in with the only available classroom schedules, that nurse could feel locked out of the opportunity to earn a BSN. Further, many RNs have more than just a job to on antigone and ismene, worry about; they may also have children or other family members to care for. Busy nurses may have responsibilities to other organizations or their community that may also conflict with strict academic classroom schedules. Luckily, an RN in princeton essay class of 2018 this position has another option: an online RN to BSN program. With this program, the student can often tailor his or her school schedule to blend relatively seamlessly with work, family, and other responsibilities. Through recorded lectures and homework assignments that can be completed and turned in at any time of day or night, online degree programs can allow the earnest RN to essay on antigone, complete the BSN education he or she desires. Best Online Degrees in RN to BSN: 2017.
With practicum experience taken care of, an online RN to BSN is attainable through many quality virtual programs. The program should hold national accreditation from the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education and www argumentative essay the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools to ensure itís legitimate. Instructors should be industry professionals in on antigone current practice with published research. Online nursing programs should also assist students with support services and career counseling upon graduation. Through our methodology, we took a look at these and other valuable information to compile a list of the Best Online RN to BSN Programs in 2017. Discover which programs stood out above the paragraph rest. Accredited by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education, the RN to BSN program at the University of Cincinnati gives students the freedom they need to complete a rigorous program while working a full-time job. To that end, the school allows students to on antigone, take courses on do i paragraph of an a flexible schedule and create an adjustable academic plan that meets their individual needs. Requirements for this program include core classes in gerontology, nursing informatics, community health, and leadership. In addition, students are required to complete general education courses in subjects such as English, statistics, fine arts, anatomy, physiology, and psychology.
Although an RN degree allows nurses to and ismene, begin their careers, those who want to advance in the field will need to also advance in their education. In order to do this, professionals can enroll in the RN to princeton of 2018, BSN degree program at essay Nebraska Methodist College of www argumentative essay, Nursing Allied Health. Whether they want to become advanced practitioners, educators, or administrators, this program gives students the knowledge and skills they need to achieve their goals. On Antigone And Ismene! The curriculum is resume hampton roads, taught with a community focus in mind and essay on antigone includes coursework in nursing assessments, lifespan psychology, and health care ethics. As health care facilities are increasingly expecting their nurses to earn bachelorís degrees, RN to BSN programs have become an important way for professionals to land a nursing job. Nova Southeastern Universityís program gives students a comprehensive look at the nursing field, from essay patient care to public policy to business practices. Students in this program are expected to take courses in health assessments, nursing trends, ethics, pathophysiology, nursing theory, and the business of healthcare systems.
In addition, there are general education requirements that include written communication, humanities, natural sciences, and mathematics. The RN to BSN degree program at East Carolina University allows students to essay, take advantage of online courses that they can fit around their professional and personal responsibilities. In addition, classes can be completed in seven-week sessions during the pet relationship fall and spring semesters, and summer sessions that only last around five weeks. Essay! Courses that students can expect to take in this program include areas such as nursing leadership, community health, finance, clinical scholarship, and critical thinking. In addition, students are required to complete a capstone course that provides practical community nursing experience. Those with a nursing diploma or an associateís degree can easily earn a bachelorís in nursing through the RN to BSN degree program at Saint Joseph's College of Maine. Argumentative Statement! The coursework is designed to help students increase their communication and essay critical thinking skills, while enhancing their patient care techniques and professionalism with colleagues. Students can expect to take core nursing classes in health care informatics, evidence-based practice, assessment techniques, quality care and safety, and health care policy. The program also has a clinical requirement to give students hands-on experience in the concepts they learn about in class.
The online RN to BSN program at Northern Arizona University stresses individualized learning, which allows students to set their own schedules so they can learn at the pace that best works for their needs and professional goals. As a result, students get the training they need to advance in their careers while still working at their full-time jobs. After completing this degree program, students are able to pursue careers as nurse anesthetists, practitioners, and midwives, as well as hospital administrators. The curriculum includes classes in subjects such as clinical practice and prevention, global health, clinical reasoning, and healthcare leadership. The University of Alabama at Birmingham offers an RN to BSN program that helps current nursing professionals enhance their clinical competencies and knowledge about essay of 2018 advanced nursing concepts. After completing this program, nurses will be able to on antigone, use technology when caring for patients, incorporate evidence-based research into their practice, evaluate continuous quality improvement processes, and provide care based on ethical nursing standards. Classes that students can expect to take include pathophysiology, nursing informatics, health assessments, community health nursing, and pet relationship leadership. Coursework can be completed entirely online so students can juggle their education with other responsibilities. Allen Collegeís RN to BSN degree program combines online coursework with clinical opportunities, so students can get the theory and essay on antigone and ismene practical experience they need to advance their understanding of the field.
Whether students choose to essay, enroll in the program on a full- or part-time basis, they have flexibility to complete coursework at their own pace. The curriculum includes courses in nursing leadership, health care law and policy, chronic illness, professional writing, and essay health care communication techniques. Allen College also offers a program for LPNs who want to earn bachelorís degrees. Working nurses who want to strengthen their critical thinking skills, learn management practices, and essay gain knowledge of advanced therapeutic concepts can accomplish these goals by essay on antigone and ismene enrolling in the RN to BSN degree at Weber State University. Offered through the Dr. Ezekiel R. Dumke College of essay, Health Professions, the program combines online and on campus coursework, which allows students to and ismene, benefit from the flexibility of working remotely and the connection they get with face-to-face interactions with professors and argumentative statement students. On Antigone! Those who want to continue their education after completing this degree can also take advantage of the schoolís masterís degree in nursing.
Accredited by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education, the RN to BSN degree program at the University of Florida can prepare students to work in diverse settings with various patient populations, or to do i indent of an essay, enroll in a nursing graduate degree program. And Ismene! To that end, the www argumentative school offers courses in essay on antigone and ismene legal and ethical nursing issues, management and leadership, pharmacology, pathophysiology, genomics, and community health nursing. In addition, the princeton essay of 2018 University of Florida has an accelerated BSN program, which is designed for those who have degrees in on antigone and ismene fields outside of the nursing discipline. There are also certificate programs for students who want to specialize in nurse education, pediatric acute care, and resume psychiatric nursing. In a online RN to BSN program, students learn an essay on antigone, array of valuable skills and concepts that contribute to becoming a more knowledgeable and effective nurse. Resume Writing Roads! These concepts and skills may include effective leadership, probability and essay on antigone statistics, evidence-based practice, nursing research techniques, community health, and population-based nursing.
Below are some of the skills RN to BSN students gain: A deeper understanding of the human body is a crucial tool in effectively collaborating with other healthcare providers, as well as explaining diagnoses and treatments to patients. It also provides a clear understanding of the procedures nurses perform and the information they gather from patients and providers. Each age group requires a different set of concepts and skills for the sake of understanding age-related changes in physiology and pathophysiology, as well as treatment options and expectations regarding potential outcomes. While RNs may already be skilled in performing a health assessment, an online RN to argumentative thesis statement abortion, BSN program offers a more in-depth look at on antigone the many aspects of the process. From using the roads correct instruments to conducting an effective interview, a health assessment is an essential skill for a practicing nurse. More healthcare providers and facilities are shifting toward electronic medical records and IT-supported care. As a BSN student, the nurse may learn about the on antigone latest technological developments in healthcare, including online patient portals, telehealth, EMRs, or wearable devices.
A nurse needs to understand his or her role within the princeton supplement class of 2018 healthcare setting, as nurses play a unique part in patient care and essay and ismene the operations of a medical facility or other practice setting. Nursing theories abound, and these models of learning and nursing care guide nurses in navigating the healthcare environment, interpersonal relationships, and statement abortion the trajectory of 21st-century healthcare. Overall professional development is a critical aspect of essay on antigone and ismene, being a more knowledgeable, engaged, and effective nurse. In an online RN to BSN program, students learn skills such as leadership, communication, and critical thinking, with a goal of building upon argumentative against the nurseís previously mastered competencies. Nursing research, statistics, community health, and population-based nursing are other areas of study that the essay and ismene online RN to BSN student may encounter during the course of many programs.
From science classes to professional classes that build the do i the first of an RNís arsenal of essay on antigone, tools and skills, the online RN to BSN program offers a well-rounded degree complete with several different types of courses. Take a look at of 2018 some examples of classes: As with any other bachelors degree program, RN to BSN online program students will complete several components common to many general degrees. Essay On Antigone And Ismene! These will likely include English Composition and Foundations in Mathematics, but general education courses can also include an introduction to humanities, survey of the government and Constitution, sociology, and psychology, to name a few. These courses offer a solid framework for any education path that teaches skills necessary for being a productive member of the pet relationship workforce. This subject is so important to on antigone, an RN to BSN degree program that students often take two sections, one concerning fundamentals and one focused on advanced concepts. In these courses, students explore the structures and essay functions of the bodyís many interdependent systems. In this course, students explore the relationships between cultures and communities, particularly in regards to essay on antigone and ismene, healthcare and wellness. The courseís main principles may include disease prevention, emergency preparedness, and health promotion within a community setting. Students learn about the effects of against, policies and resources on particular communities, as well as skills for on antigone and ismene, fostering collaboration with the goal of solving community-wide health issues. In this course, students examine and analyze the specific role of a nurse within the do i indent the first paragraph of an healthcare system.
The course explores the relative and complementary roles of nurses, doctors, administrators, and essay and ismene other staff. Do I Indent Essay! Students also learn the values of nursing, such as cultural competency, professional conduct, leadership, advocacy for patient rights and essay on antigone and ismene social justice, legal and ethical standards of care, and the public image of nursing. For this course, a student builds upon his or her nursing knowledge while learning advanced assessment skills. Princeton Essay Class! This includes physical assessment techniques, interviewing skills, advanced history-taking, and assessments of social and physical environments. Information Management and Technology. After performing a health assessment or updating a patientís chart following a visit or appointment, RNs must handle vital patient records, which are increasingly electronic and cloud-based. On Antigone! This course teaches students the argumentative against importance of on antigone, current technologies used to document and coordinate patient care in a highly networked healthcare ecosystem.
Students will also learn how workflow and patient care is impacted by changes and improvements in healthcare technology. Students may also study the growing role of nursing informatics as a discrete nursing specialty. This course involves the understanding of princeton essay class of 2018, population-based patient cohorts, all of whom require their own specific types of essay and ismene, care. Appreciating the skills needed to approach and understand diverse populations is critical to the nurseís well-rounded ability to successfully and sensitively assess entire populations or subsets of a population. Enrollment: 61,784 Tuition: $2,494 College Type: Public State: Florida. Bachelor of Science in Nursing (RN to BSN) Enrollment: 47,269 Tuition: $10,037 College Type: Public State: Ohio. Bachelor of Science in www argumentative Nursing (RN to and ismene, BSN) Enrollment: 43,356 Tuition: $6,070 College Type: Private State: Utah. Bachelor of Science in Nursing (RN to BSN)
Once RNs understand the depth, breadth, and www argumentative scope of online RN to BSN programs, they then need to acquire knowledge regarding what it takes to successfully complete such a program. Preparation for enrolling in an online RN to BSN program can be extensive, as RNs face several steps in order to begin pursuing the essay on antigone degree path. Before being admitted into an accredited online RN to BSN program, nurses who hold an argumentative thesis statement against, Associateís Degree of Nursing or nursing diploma are required to pass the NCLEX-RN exam to receive a nursing license. Some programs require completion of another exam before admission, the essay and ismene Elsevierís HESI Admission Assessment (A2), which consists of seven components, from five essay basic math and English subjects to essential sciences. From there, the RN must have a certain cumulative GPA, which can vary by essay institution, but may be about five essay a 2.0 GPA or higher. A candidate needs a diploma in nursing or transcript that demonstrates that the RN successfully completed particular nursing-related courses. Essay On Antigone And Ismene! He or she may also need to include a personal essay along with the application. Do I Indent Paragraph Of An Essay! If the RN has earned an ADN or nursing diploma, he or she may be eligible for transfer credits, which would shorten the coursework and time needed to earn the BSN. The first of the programís approximate two years of essay on antigone and ismene, study includes many of the lower-division undergraduate courses, of which there are usually approximately 60 credits. These may include general education requirements such as English and mathematics, but may also require the class more basic science classes needed for nursing, such as biology, chemistry, and on antigone the first anatomy and physiology section. A student may also begin to encounter some of the upper-division nursing courses during this year of five paragraph, study.
The second year of the online RN to BSN program usually consists of the upper-division nursing courses. These include more specific coursework, such as Advanced Health Assessment and Nursing Informatics, while the student also completes remaining lower-division classes. At the end of approximately 120 hours of essay on antigone, credits, the RN can graduate with a BSN. What Makes an Online RN to BSN Program Great? All online RN to BSN programs have many aspects of coursework in common, but not all are created equal. Some offer a very baseline education, while others are programs with characteristics that make them great choices for www argumentative, nurses in pursuit of professional and educational advancement. Here is an explanation of some of the most important elements prospective students should look for in an online RN to BSN program: Online RN to BSN program scams do indeed exist, so itís important to ensure a program has the right accreditation before applying. The two main accreditations include the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education and the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of on antigone, Colleges and Schools (NCACS). Pet Relationship! As part of the NCACS, an essay, online program may also have accreditation from a newer system known as the Academic Quality Improvement Program (AQIP).
Local and regional associations may also accredit certain programs, giving you one more vote of confidence. Argumentative Thesis Statement Abortion! Itís important to make sure that the on antigone organization or agency that accredits the school and/or nursing program is one that is essay, recognized by the Department of Education. Nursing students need to learn a wealth of information about many aspects of science and medicine, as well as professional skills and attributes. When exploring online RN to BSN programs, itís important to understand the coursework involved to ensure the student takes all of the courses he or she needs to succeed in the profession. Essay On Antigone! RNs want a foundation in general education and liberal arts, which they should receive with any bachelorís degree, as well as a solid grounding in basic sciences. From there, they need more advanced nursing courses that touch on all aspects of nursing tasks and professionalism, from health assessments and writing hampton interviewing skills, to population and global health courses. Experienced Faculty and Professors. In order to prepare for any career and industry, students need to learn from the best faculty and professors. RNs should carefully research each potential schoolís educators. Some things to look for include what type of degree does he or she hold?
What kind of professional experience does he or she have and is it extensive and on antigone current? Have they conducted and published any research to advance the field of nursing? Professors in RN to BSN programs should not only have an academic background in the field, but also show that they have expertise in writing services hampton roads the professional medical world as well. Because these students are already RNs, many continue to work in essay on antigone and ismene healthcare settings while they earn their RN to BSN degree. One of the key benefits of an online degree program is the ability to have flexible and self-paced coursework requirements that make allowances for a studentís busy schedule and varied responsibilities. A RN can speak with currently enrolled students, program graduates, or prospective teachers in the pursuit of a clear notion of what a typical schedule might look like. For a glimpse inside the essay mind of a online RN to BSN program graduate, meet Sherry Shiveley, who graduated from the Indiana Wesleyan BSN online program in May 2010. And Ismene! Prior to beginning her online coursework, Shiveley worked as a nurse with an associate degree for about 18 years.
She knew other nurses who were pursuing a BSN as well, so the group completed the program together. Shiveley is currently a travel nurse and argumentative thesis statement abortion has been traveling for two years. Why did you choose an online RN to BSN program over one in a traditional classroom setting? My work schedule was chaotic, so I felt online would fit my needs better. What do you think the online program offered that you might not have been able to get from a traditional classroom setting? It was very easy to understand what was expected of essay and ismene, me, and when the assignments were due.
Being a phone call or email away, instructors were very good about answering questions, depending on do i indent the first paragraph essay time zone differences. What were the easiest parts of the online learning process? Online instructions were easy to understand, plus other classmatesí input was an asset. What was the most difficult part of the online learning process? Group work was the most difficult. Some of the on antigone team members were late in submitting assignments. Some had to do i indent the first paragraph, even submit projects for other students. What would you say to someone who is considering enrolling in and ismene an online RN to BSN program? Don't get too stressed out with the deadlines, but manage your time wisely.
When answering your classmatesí questions or responding to posts, keep it concise--long posts can get too involved and become time-consuming. Online RN to BSN Programs Degree Search Tool. As it becomes more common for www argumentative, nurses to hold at least a bachelorís degree, many RNs will find online RN to BSN programs to be a perfect fit for their busy lives. As one of the essay and ismene more common online degrees available, prospective students have many choices available, allowing them to find a program not only meeting their academic requirements, but also providing key features such as flexibility, affordability, experienced faculty, and relevant coursework. The search tool below takes all of these factors into consideration to deliver a tailored list of schools for each student. Best Online RN to BSN Degree for 2015-2016. With practicum experience taken care of, an paragraph, online RN to BSN is attainable through many quality virtual programs. On Antigone! The program should hold national accreditation from the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education and the Higher Learning Commission of the essay North Central Association of Colleges and Schools to ensure itís legitimate.
Instructors should be industry professionals in current practice with published research. Online nursing programs should also assist students with support services and on antigone and ismene career counseling upon graduation. Through our methodology, we took a look at these and other valuable information to compile a list of the argumentative against Best Online RN to on antigone, BSN Programs in paragraph 2015-2016. Discover which programs stood out above the rest. The Bachelor of Science in Nursing - RN-BSN degree program is a 120-credit degree delivered online for on antigone, working Registered Nurses seeking an enhanced degree to advance to leadership positions in do i indent the first essay the profession. A minimum of essay on antigone and ismene, 38 credits must be completed in general education, 17 units in nursing support classes, and 32 credits in upper -division core nursing courses such as informatics, leadership, technology, and economics.
Online students can transfer up to 32 nursing credit hours from an accredited program. Applicants must hold an active nursing license and princeton supplement class documentation of a nursing degree or diploma from an accredited school or college. Registered nurses looking to go back to school: The RN to BSN (Bachelor of Science in Nursing) program at Adventist University of Health Sciences (ADU) may be a good fit. Essay And Ismene! By combining on-the-job training (observational assignments) and courses in five essay paragraph nursing, sciences and humanities, this program is essay, targeted to current nurses looking to move into administrative positions. The program can be completed in five terms and builds skills in nursing, advanced pathophysiology, critical thinking, pharmacology, management, leadership and researching. The school boasts that the online program is the same as the on-campus program and that it truly fits around a current nurse's schedule.
The University of Wyoming offers two online RN to BSN degree completion programs: one is designed for registered nurses while the other is specifically for Wyoming graduates of an associate degree nursing program. The program requires no on-campus time and includes a capstone project that allows students to research and report on a current public health issue. Students graduate with a solid understanding of disease prevention and essay health promotion and on antigone and ismene can demonstrate professionalism under the supplement essay of 2018 nursing code of on antigone, ethics. Students can complete the program in www argumentative about a year, depending on prerequisites and the students' course of and ismene, study. Registered nurses have the opportunity to earn their Bachelor from New Mexico Highlands University's online Bachelor of Science in Nursing program. Admissions requirements include a minimum 2.5 GPA, a license and diploma or associate nursing degree and successful completion of an undergraduate statistics course. Other prerequisites include biology, nutrition, psychology and anatomy.
The 120 credit curriculum is made of up to 35 credits in core courses. Resume! Sample core courses are Community Health Practice, Cultural Competence and Healthcare and and ismene Evidence Based Applications in Health Assessment. While logged into MyNMHU students enroll in the program, get course schedules, check their email and log into essay, Blackboard and Desire2Learn. Lectures are viewed on essay on antigone and ismene systems like ITV and the Internet. Using the university's eCore online system, the program requires 125 hours of resume writing hampton, coursework with a GPA of 2.0 or better. Students can enroll after proving they have a nursing license. Essay On Antigone And Ismene! Participants must score at least a 75 or better in each course to pass with the opportunity to supplement of 2018, retake a failed class once if necessary. Topics include leadership, community health nursing, pathophysiology and a senior seminar.
Graduates of the program often have gone to careers as registered nurses, practitioners and have specialized in similar fields. The nursing path that adults choose has a direct impact on the specific training that would best benefit them. An available path at SUNY College at Plattsburgh is the online Bachelor of Science in Nursing. The option is open to adults who have an active nursing license, a minimum 2.5 GPA and proof that they have met general education standards. In addition to classes in child nursing, mental health nursing, gerontology, informatics, public health and research, students complete two clinical classes. Core courses, electives and essay general education classes must equal 120 credits to meet graduation requirements. A NetID and password unlock myPlattsburgh, the school's gateway to online courses. Resume Writing Services Hampton Roads! Once in myPlattsburgh, students can apply for essay on antigone, admission, schedule their classes and complete and submit class assignments. Students at supplement University of Saint Mary can earn an online RN to BSN degree in less than a year utilizing cutting-edge research and instruction.
Students take classes in essay research, pathophysiology, health assessment, palliative care, leadership and community health. A senior integrative seminar allows students to explore current trends in nursing and health care as a whole. Essay Class Of 2018! While the on antigone degree can be completed online, two classes require on-site mentorship at a health care institution close to the student. There are no proctored exams; students take online assessments as well as submit assignments online. Classes are offered in 8-week terms and full-time students can complete their degree in 12 to 18 months. Studies in health assessment, community health nursing, leadership, communications and the first paragraph essay special populations make up the nursing coursework at Liberty University's online RN to BSN degree program. A flexible, eight-week course schedule allows working RN's to maintain their current roles while training for advancement.
Students can earn credit toward their BSN by passing standardized tests or receive credit for professional training and work experience. Essay On Antigone And Ismene! Nurses prepared by essay military service schools can also receive credits for previous coursework. Essay And Ismene! At least 30 hours of the required 120 total hours for graduation must be completed at do i indent the first essay Liberty, including 30 hours of upper-division nursing coursework. Applicants must hold an unencumbered nursing license in the state(s) where they practice. Graduates of an associate degree in nursing or those who hold a nursing diploma can earn an online RN to bachelor of science in nursing from University of Louisville. This program is designed for nurses who are currently practicing in the field and includes 31 nursing credits in a flexible format.
Students can finish the program and earn their degree in as little as 16 months. A clinical is required in the form of a practicum project in community health, which students can complete at a location close to them. Classes follow the same semester calendar as traditional on-campus programs. A nursing background could save adults seeking an online Bachelor of Science in Nursing from SUNY State University of New York at Delphi time. Not only could adults currently working in nursing use their existing knowledge and experience to grasp lessons quicker, they could also transfer up to 80 credits from an approved school into essay, the program. That opens the door for students to essay class of 2018, complete the 120 credit Bachelor degree within two years or less. The curriculum starts with orientation and on antigone and ismene progresses into ethics in healthcare, nursing research, epidemiology and health care policy. Against Abortion! Classes are web based and depend on video, audio, mobile and essay other virtual resources. Employers who graduates could deliver nursing services for include hospitals, private physicians, nursing homes, surgical centers and home healthcare firms.
Registered nurses pursuing an online bachelor's degree at EKU have the www argumentative essay option of completing an RN to BSN in two years, taking a single class over each eight-week term. Essay On Antigone And Ismene! Nurses seeking a quicker turnaround on resume writing services hampton roads their advanced studies can, with faculty approval, take two courses a semester to cut the time to graduate in half. Interactive online courses are designed to assist nurses seeking advanced learning for career advancement or to prepare for undertaking graduate studies in nursing. Applicants work with academic counselors to determine their best degree path (one, or two years) based on on antigone family and employment responsibilities. An online nursing degree is within reach at the University of Southern Mississippi. Argumentative Abortion! Applications are due three times during the calendar year for this flexible RN to BSN degree completion program. On Antigone And Ismene! Students gain the pet relationship essay skills needed to grow their careers in the health care industry.
This student-centered program includes courses in maternal-child nursing, health policy and economics, medical-surgical nursing, pathophysiology and more. Graduates are prepared for careers as nurse practitioners, nurse anesthetists and other higher-level nursing positions or to pursue an advanced degree. Adults who possess an Associate in Nursing degree, a 2.75 GPA or higher and licensing may meet the admissions requirements that allows them to essay on antigone and ismene, enter Murray State University's online Bachelor of statement against abortion, Science in Nursing degree. The minimum GPA needed to on antigone, graduate is a 2.0. Www Argumentative! Biology, human anatomy, nursing research, statistics, nursing in mental health and on antigone management and leadership are courses in indent essay the curriculum. Students who set aside six to eight hours a week to focus on their courses may have a better chance of succeeding in the program. InterLibrary Loan, webmail and MyGate are resources that support students completing their online degree. After completing the degree, places where students could work include surgical hospitals, private physician offices, nursing facilities and traditional hospitals.
Students could also work for home health care organizations. In as little as 12 months, students can earn an online RN to and ismene, bachelor of science in nursing from the University of North Florida. Students take 30 credit hours to earn their degree and participate in a in-person clinical in their own community. Coursework includes applied nursing ethics, perspectives in chronicity, family/community assessment, leadership and management in nursing and nursing science. Applicants must hold a nursing degree from www argumentative essay a regionally accredited institution and essay and ismene have 60 semester hours or an associate of arts degree as well as fulfill other admission requirements. Florida Atlantic University's RN to class of 2018, BSN degree program is designed for registered nurses who aspire to roles in clinical nursing, health education, ER or community health nursing. Applicants must hold current, unencumbered nursing licenses and an associate's degree or diploma from an institution accredited by the Accreditation Commission for Education in essay on antigone Nursing Education. The degree can be completed entirely online; a component of resume services hampton, 180 clinical hours must be completed on-site at facilities near the student's home. Essay! The university center for eLearning supports distance students with library access, career services and online tutoring.
Programs are delivered in the quarter system, with 60 hours required for resume hampton, the degree. Few careers are as demanding or as rewarding as nursing. And Ismene! Immediate feedback from children and adults who appreciate the care that they receive from experienced nurses is a reason why nurses seek ways to advance their field knowledge. Distance education Bachelor of Science in writing roads RN to BSN classes at Newman University enhance nurses existing knowledge in professional nursing dimensions, pathophysiology, leadership and management and essay on antigone research and statistics. The total curriculum is comprised of 124 credits. Students whose grades fall near or below 2.0 can work with a tutor to get their grades up to the minimum 2.0 requirement. Successful completion of the online program necessitates that students understand how to use email and software programs. Resources that the school uses to push out its virtual classes include Blackboard, Moodle and technology plug-ins like Adobe and macromedia players. University of Southern Indiana's online RN to bachelor of essay, science in nursing allows those who hold an essay, associate degree or nursing diploma to further their education and boos their career online.
Students can work at their own pace, taking one class at a time or attending full time, giving them flexibility in essay their schedule. They are required to participate in a clinical experience, but can choose a facility that's close to home. Coursework includes the biological, physical and social science as well as 39 hours of general education requirements. Adults can build upon their present day nursing experience and knowledge when they complete courses in Oral Roberts University's online RN to essay on antigone and ismene, Bachelor of Science in Nursing. Instructors teach advanced pharmacology, nursing leadership, statistics, theoretical foundations, health informatics and other classes that delve further into nursing. There's the chance to complete internships at area hospitals and argumentative thesis statement abortion nonprofit organizations. Nurse consultant, nurse attorney, occupational health nurse, psychiatric nurse and on antigone managed care nurse are some of the supplement of 2018 careers that the training prepares adults to enter or explore further. Pace of the program allows adults to take two courses in seven weeks.
Books are purchased online through the school's bookstore. Instructors teach classes with streamed video, audio recordings and downloadable files. A degree-completion program in nursing at and ismene Vermont Technical College is available completely online. The program is designed to teach holistic patient-centered approaches to nursing, teaching students how to treat chronic pain and assess patients using advanced skills. Students learn how to evaluate and treat patients by studying communication technologies and electronic information. The program allows student entry where their previous coursework left off, and the time for completion depends on the number of credits the student has left to take. Prerequisites include nutrition, elements of microbiology, psychology and human growth and development. Clayton State's RN to BSN program is conducted entirely online, with live classes that enable students to interact with professors and peers. The program caters to licensed RNs looking to advance their skills in emerging technology, new healthcare laws and abortion intervention processes. The courses emphasize self-assessment and live participation in the weekly learning modules.
Requirements for the bachelor degree include 12 hours in social sciences, 10 hours of natural sciences, six hours in humanities, four hours in and ismene critical thinking, and nine hours of essential math and argumentative thesis statement abortion English. Applicants must have completed lower division chemistry and statistics courses. Siena Heights University has a two prong approach to essay on antigone, the world of nursing. Thesis Statement Against! Administrators and instructors at the school view nursing as both an art and a science. To do that, they build a curriculum that explores gerontology, health assessment, ethics in nursing, caring for adults and children who have complicated needs, including end of life needs. These focal areas are used in essay on antigone a variety of nursing careers, including nursing consultancy, licensed practical nurse, nursing instructor and essay nurse midwife. MySiena is the portal that eCollege courses are accessed and and ismene downloaded through. While logged into MySiena, online nursing majors can also keep up with campus news, review their accounts, read commencement updates, apply for financial aid and contact the business office. Registered nurses who hold a diploma in nursing can earn a bachelor of science in nursing online from the University of South Carolina Upstate. Writing Hampton Roads! This program includes 32 semester hours that can be completed in about one to two years. A virtual clinical and part- or full-time study can allow students to on antigone and ismene, maintain their careers and personal responsibilities throughout the program.
This competitive program often has a waiting list. Online students are required to attend one mandatory orientation on campus prior to the start of classes. Whether adults are starting out in a nursing career or seeking to gain a more developed understanding of family and individual care, nursing trends, research and applied statistics, the curriculum at supplement Oklahoma Wesleyan University's online Bachelor of Science in Nursing aims to build upon those goals. Focal points of the curriculum are the role that nursing plays in healthcare, offering adults and children spiritual care, ethics in nursing and how to promote healthcare at individual and essay and ismene community levels. Overall GPA that students must keep is a 2.5. Students log into their classes using an online portal.
Experience using podcasts, multimedia plug ins, downloadable tools and webmail can make the do i indent paragraph essay transition into the distance learning program smoother. With six start dates throughout the essay year, students don't have to wait long to earn an RN to bachelor of science in nursing at the University of princeton supplement essay class, North Carolina Wilmington. Essay And Ismene! This online program can be completed in as little as 12 months and includes 31 credit hours that students must complete at UNCW. Students take courses in gerontological nursing, leadership in nursing, health policy, transcultural care and more. Students gain a strong foundation in the field, giving them a leg up on essay leadership roles in administration, research and consulting. The RN to and ismene, Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) and the Master of Science in Nursing with a Family Nurse Practitioner concentration are two online learning options for Simmons College nursing majors. The RN to MSN is for adults who do not currently have their Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree. Adults who choose the www argumentative essay family nurse practitioner option learn to review and understand diagnostic tests, develop patient treatment plans and effectively promote individual and family health. After students finish three semesters, there is the opportunity to obtain a clinical placement.
Although the and ismene majority of students attend online classes part-time, full-time schedules are available. 2U, web cameras connect students and instructors in real time. There's also the chance to review lectures housed in the video library. The process of getting an online Registered Nurse to Bachelor of Science in Nursing at Midwestern State University begins with the completion of a RN transition application. Admissions are accepted during the fall, summer and class spring. Enhanced skills to deal with emergencies, research, pathophysiology and complex organizational knowledge are program takeaways. Graduating from the on antigone and ismene four year program prepares students for writing, the demands of working at hospitals, nursing facilities, clinics, military organizations and other government facilities.
Desire2Learn is a primary part of MyMWSU, the school's electronic campus. Courses are accessed through Desire2Learn. It's also possible to essay on antigone, get technical support through the portal. An orientation helps adults learn how to register for courses, navigate WebWorld, download course files and review their transcripts. The nursing field is expected to experience above average job growth from 2012 through 2022. Technology and increasing dependence on do i the first paragraph essay healthcare by an aging population, employers and essay on antigone government agencies are driving the growth. Succeeding as a nurse requires adults to have strong communication skills, flexibility, compassion, critical thinking skills and www argumentative time management skills. Mayville State University keeps its online RN to BSN nursing classes to about 20 or fewer students while teaching these and other skills.
Up to four courses can be taken per semester. Holistic health, community focused nursing, ethics, applied statistics and social sciences are areas covered during the 120 credit degree program. Resources available to online learners include a handbook, virtual access to the school library, tutoring, the bookstore and essay on antigone and ismene academic advisors. Before the start of the program, student can attend an online orientation. The orientation and five course documents are stored in Moodle. Nurses with busy lives can complete their RN to BSN degree entirely online through the Graceland University School of Nursing. Incoming students can transfer as many as 28 semester hours in essay and ismene former nurse training college work to princeton supplement class of 2018, speed up their time to and ismene, graduation.
They can also receive credits by participating in the College Level Examination Program at Graceland. To graduate with a BSN, students must complete or transfer a total of 28 hours in nursing core classes and 28 hours in support classes. Core studies include advanced health assessment, pharmacology, leadership, pathophysiology, health policy and community health nursing. Graduates are prepared for advancement in supplement essay class nursing or for graduate school. The RN to BSN curriculum at East Carolina University's online degree program was developed in essay coordination with educators, nursing associations and argumentative thesis against professionals to and ismene, provide advanced training to licensed RNs looking to www argumentative, advance in their field. The degree can be completed in a year, including summer courses, and only some of the required classes will take students away from their computers to gain clinical experience in their community. Studies include advanced courses in nursing research, critical thinking, community health nursing, professional communication, role transitions, finance and nursing leadership. Students can attend on a full or part-time basis.
Applicants must hold a current nursing license and an associate degree/diploma in nursing. This Christian liberal arts program strives to incorporate the various academic disciplines to essay and ismene, present students with a holistic view of nursing while building on do i indent the first paragraph critical skills. Essay! They will develop competencies in do i communication, problem solving, approaching and and ismene resolving ethical challenges and assisting populations at a disadvantage. Essay! Students will study to become care coordinators and and ismene managers in various health care environments. The degree requires 37 credits for completion covering evidence-based nursing practices, women's health, health assessment courses, research and theory and more. Through Middle Tennessee State University's advanced degree option, adults could transfer associate degree credits into the school's online Bachelor of do i indent, Science RN to BSN program. Another option open to working adults is the Adult Degree Completion Program. Earning the BSN degree is faster through the alternative, as adults can earn credits for having licenses, previous education and work experience.
Core courses that help adults increase their nursing knowledge include Health Assessment, Clinical Pharmacology in Nursing, Health and Gerontology and Nursing Practice. PipelineMT puts students in on antigone and ismene touch with a wide range of resources. Included among these resources are school calendars, registration forms, elab, Desire 2 Learn, assignments, podcasts and admissions information. Students can complete the online RN to BSN degree program at Cleveland State in less than a year. The degree plan requires completion of thesis, 11 online courses in essay on antigone and ismene three semesters -- totaling 27 semester credits. The program features academic concentrations in leadership, technology, communications, gerontological nursing (class and clinical), and current trends. The Preceptor clinical requirement totals 90 hours gained over 12 weeks.
Prerequisites for essay paragraph, acceptance into the program include introductory college-level scholarship in on antigone and ismene anatomy and physiology, chemistry, psychology, statistics. microbiology and English.. Applicants must hold an active nursing license in the states where they practice. CSU reports that 90 percent of its nursing students graduate on pet relationship schedule. Wilmington University's online bachelor of and ismene, science in nursing is a degree completion program for www argumentative essay, students who have a nursing diploma or associate degree in essay nursing. Courses are available in a variety of www argumentative essay, formats, including seven-week blocks or weekend modular hybrid and online options. Students can take advantage of the and ismene flexible scheduling with one class per term or a full-time course load. Graduates of the program are poised to become leaders in their professions or can transition into supplement essay class, graduate studies in nursing and health care administration. Marshall University's Registered Nurse to Bachelor of Science in Nursing program awards at least 40 credits to students that have earned their RN through an accredited undergraduate diploma or associate degree program.
The 120-credit program features 28 hours of advanced nursing instruction completed entirely online. Full-time online students already meeting general education requirements for a bachelor's degree can complete the BSN in three semesters. Classes cover family nursing, transcultural healthcare, physical and health assessments, and on antigone and ismene completion of a Capstone practicum. Applicants must have an active RN license without encumbrances in the state where they will undertake their practicum. Learning outcomes of the essay University of Central Arkansas' online RN to Bachelor of Science in Nursing highlight the importance of health policy, nursing research, health assessments, informatics and on antigone management and leadership in nursing. Licensed nurses with an pet relationship, associate degree could earn their Bachelor degree in and ismene 12 or 24 months. Courses are self-paced and flexible. However, students must attend and participate in virtual class discussions. Students must also complete courses within 8 or 16 weeks, depending on if they are attending school part-time or full-time.
Blackboard is the system that delivers class assignments. It's into Blackboard that students also submit completed projects and exams. Registered nurses seeking advancement or preparation for graduate school can complete the accelerated, online RN to do i the first paragraph of an essay, BSN degree program at MacMurray College. The program is comprised of ten courses, each offered in an eight week session. The full-time student can take two courses per essay on antigone session, completing the degree in ten months without disrupting their current RN obligations. Courses include studies in professional communication, role transitions in writing nursing, healthcare policy, nursing leadership, and on antigone evidence-based nursing care across the essay lifespan. Applicants must submit copies of their unencumbered nursing license, official college transcripts from previous nursing studies, and a letter of recommendation from a current employer. Registered nurses who want to earn their Bachelor of Science in Nursing at a faster than average pace could explore Pittsburgh State University's online RN to BSN degree.
The accelerated program suits adults who are already working in on antigone nursing. Services Hampton Roads! Licensing and general education courses should be completed before applying for the accelerated track. Students can also take classes like disease prevention, research, health assessment, health promotion and advanced medical surgical nursing on a less aggressive, part-time basis. Essay On Antigone! The school delivers the essay online courses through Canvas. Submitting assignments, checking out their tests scores and emailing and participating in discussions with instructors are activities that students complete in Canvas. More than half of Bachelor degree level nursing majors find rewarding employment post graduation. Another reason why nursing professionals continue their education has to do with employer trends. Approximately 40% of employers at hospitals and on antigone and ismene other facilities look for nurses to have at least a Bachelor degree. Approved by the Accreditation Commission for pet relationship, Education in Nursing, Oklahoma Panhandle State University's online RN to essay and ismene, Bachelor of Science in Nursing prepares adults to the first paragraph essay, care for families and individuals who reside in large metropolitan and rural areas. The 124 credit curriculum focuses on the physical sciences, humanities, health promotion, pharmacotherapeutics and essay on antigone community health.
Delivery of the hampton roads course is completed through a secure online portal. Podcasts, discussion group threads and email are specific tools used to essay, allow students to watch lectures and ask questions and receive answers from classmates and princeton supplement essay class instructors. With spring, summer and fall admissions, there is never a waiting list to get into Jacksonville State University's online RN to BSN degree program. The program was created to accommodate the schedules of working RNs, awarding 35 hours of STEP Nursing Credit to enrolled students completing their first semester. Essay On Antigone! Applicants must hold an unencumbered nursing license and a diploma/degree from an accredited nursing program. Online students have the option of pursing their BSN on a full-time or part-time basis. Coursework includes ethics, pharmacology, management and leadership, and population-based healthcare across the lifespan. Online students are supported by the Blackboard course management system featuring collaboration tools and internet messaging. Registered nurses seeking a bachelor's degree must juggle work and family commitments with time in the classroom.
The coursework requirements of Columbus State University's RN to BSN degree program can be completed entirely online. Essay! Nursing students and faculty communicate using webcams and headsets for instruction and and ismene testing is done remotely using digital submissions, timed exams, or by videotape of the procedure. For hands-on portions of the degree, students undertake clinicals in their home communities. Online studies are delivered in the first of an essay seven-week sessions throughout the year. CSU grants 32 credits toward the 60 nursing core hours required for the bachelor degree once the on antigone and ismene online student completes their first seven hours of classwork in www argumentative essay the major. Stay up-to-date with Affordable Colleges Online. On Antigone And Ismene! Join our email list to receive the quarterly newsletter.
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Antigone & Ismene in Sophocles Antigone: Antigone essays
1984 scholarly essay There are relatively few good essays concerning 1984 specifically, and to date there has, at least in the opinion of the author of the essay on antigone, present study, been no definitive critical biography or critical study of George Orwell. The material on the relation of pet relationship James Burnham's The Managerial Revolution to 1984 is of major significance, and the reader should consult the note on this subject above. The most elaborate studies of Orwell available, each of which has a chapter on 1984, are the books by John Atkins, Christopher Hollis, and Richard Rees. On Antigone And Ismene? The latter two writers were personal acquaintances of George Orwell, and their books contain first hand reminiscences of some value which no doubt will assist in the writing of a definitive study some day. Perhaps we have been too close to Orwell, since his death a decade and supplement of 2018, a half ago, to have the kind of perspective which leads to on antigone a major work of criticism being written about him. So far the criticism is potential, not actual. Yet he is an important writer; perhaps the major English writer of the 1940s and early 1950s, though this is an extreme claim to make. His place in literary history today is by no means settled, and there are good reasons why this should be so. For in considering the ultimate reputation and relative worth of do i indent of an a man of letters, the essay and ismene, local and topical is inevitably separated out from that which is more universal, more appealing to all ages and conditions of men. Were Animal Farm and 1984 the great successes they were because of the immediacy of their appeal, for they were published just at the point where the full chaos and danger of the postwar world, with its confrontation between former allies of East and essay paragraph, West, was becoming clear? Or do these books have a more timeless appeal?
Just as Swift's Gulliver's Travels contains much local satire of on antigone English political and religious controversy of the early part of the eighteenth century, so Orwell's writing contains similar material. But what of its universality? This is the resume hampton, question which a critic must answer at some point when dealing with Orwell. Put another way, was Orwell a brilliant but ephemeral journalist, or did the body of his work have more solidity than is represented by even brilliant journalism, which after all, by definition appeals to essay the moment and not to thesis against the long view of history? Orwell was written about essay and ismene during his lifetime, and John Atkins attempted to summarize some of the views expressed about services hampton roads him in his book, George Orwell: A Literary and on antigone and ismene, Biographical Study, which is a rather ambitious work, and against abortion, this may be consulted. Lionel Trilling, in his well-known essay, George Orwell and the Politics of Truth, said with economy and restraint what many have said about Orwell: that he was an honest and honorable man as well as an honest man of letters. Essay? The entire point of the essay, which Professor Trilling originally wrote as an introduction to Homage to Catalonia, may be summed up in the words of one of his students which Trilling himself quotes: He [Orwell] was a virtuous man. For Professor Trilling, Orwell was not a genius. He was committed man, in the sense that he lived his vision, as have Thoreau, Mark Twain, Walt Whitman, and perhaps Henry James, among major American writers of the past century. Orwell, in fact, was more modern than these; he was engaged in essay, the sense that some of the Existentialists have been engaged and committed to political thought and essay, action for the betterment of human life, whether or not they believed at the time that betterment was possible. All of Orwell's writing, as Professor Trilling and pet relationship essay, others have indicated, was directed to essay on antigone political ends which would have as their final result the promotion of human decency.
Perhaps there is a lack of really enlightening critical writing about 1984 and other works of Orwell because he was so clear and precise as a writer. Valuing clarity, simplicity, and precision of expression over anything else in the technical craft of writing, Orwell may have said what he had to say in such a forceful way that interpretation was not as necessary as it might be in dealing with more complicated, allegorical, literary writers. Sir Richard Rees was a close friend of George Orwell, and princeton, it has been said that he is one of the essay, characters, Ravelston, in Keep the essay paragraph, Aspidistra Flying, though this has not been proved. It is essay and ismene, significant that the of an, title of Sir Richard's book is George Orwell: Fugitive from the Camp of Victory. For Orwell, the just man would not be found in the camp of essay on antigone and ismene victory, perhaps because in a state of perfect justice (the opposite of 1984, which is a state of perfect injustice), there would be no camps of strong and weak. Thus, the interpretation of Orwell by Sir Richard involves his always standing up for the weak against the strong, which has occasionally led to the misrepresentation of his real political position.
Special Interpretive Problems. Special problems in the interpretation of 1984 have been dealt with in essay, appropriate sections of essay on antigone and ismene this study. But the writing services roads, critical axioms with which the reader should approach Orwell seem reducible to the following: Orwell's biography is very important, as he was above all a writer who lived his work. On Antigone? Second, Orwell's work is a seamless garment in thesis against abortion, which every part of it has a bearing on essay, every other part, and all of his work leads up to 1984 and serves as the best background we have for the interpretation of that great political satire. And third, Orwell's purpose in argumentative against abortion, writing was not only to record what was happening in the world and to project ahead in order to make men realize what was likely to happen; it was as much or more his purpose to change the world. He hoped that if he painted political evil vividly enough, men would turn from that evil. Animal Farm, as a political allegory, of course needs more interpretation than does 1984 in terms of the on antigone, historical meanings of particular characters and essay paragraph, events.
The difference between the two best-known and most powerful works of essay Orwell is essay, that they are not only of different literary kinds, - the beast fable and the anti-Utopian fiction - but also 1984 seems to have more universal satirical meanings. Both books deal with what Orwell called the essay on antigone and ismene, central question - how to prevent power from being abused. Orwell has no easy answers to this overwhelming question. But he could at least ask it in essay paragraph, such a way that his contemporaries could see the absolute importance of the question, and this he did, in language too clear for conventional criticism. A Selection of Views on 1984. John Atkins: In his work, George Orwell, cited below in essay, the Bibliography, Mr. Atkins correctly assesses all of Orwell's previous work as preparation for 1984, which book is considered to be Orwell's masterpiece. Mr.
Atkins, like Sir Richard Rees and princeton supplement class of 2018, others, attributes the gloom of the on antigone and ismene, ending of 1984 less to ideology than to the fact that Orwell's health had markedly deteriorated as he was writing 1984. The point which Atkins makes is that the best analysis of the basis of society in Oceania and indeed the best critique of 1984 may be found in the work itself, in Goldstein's book The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism. Atkins accepts the thesis of Goldstein's book as one held by Orwell himself: that the end of www argumentative essay power is power, that revolutions corrupt those who lead them, that the perpetual state of war which is essay, maintained by the Party is five paragraph, really Peace, as it leads to a sort of bizarre social stability. While much of what Atkins says about 1984 is really summary of the work's contents, the point that Orwell himself believed what he embodied in essay on antigone and ismene, Goldstein's book as far as politics were concerned is resume writing services roads, a well-taken one, probably correct. Atkins sees the and ismene, Party's great secret as its discovery that the sense of reality of most human beings could be dislocated by skillful propaganda, by the process which Orwell called Doublethink. Resume Services Hampton Roads? Atkins also gives examples both from essay on antigone and ismene Orwell's previous writing and www argumentative, from contemporary political and social history about the dislocation of on antigone and ismene reality and the deliberate falsification of the past. Atkins pays especial attention to the Party's debasing of human sexuality in 1984.
Finally Atkins makes what seems to do i the first the author of the present study the perfectly valid point that Orwell wrote 1984 not as a prediction of things to come so much as a warning to his contemporaries and immediate successors in Western society that these things - the horrors he described in on antigone and ismene, 1984 - were probabilities if men did not become aware and against, seek to reverse the trend toward totalitarianism. Christopher Hollis, in A Study of George Orwell, includes a chapter on 1984 which, while it makes essentially the same point as does Atkins about the importance of Goldstein's Book in essay and ismene, the understanding of the structure of the work, has a slightly different emphasis than does Atkins. He seems correct in his analysis of Julia's character: she has no metaphysical notion of freedom, and no center to her life other than the physical revolt which she engages in with Winston and thesis statement, others-so nothing else can be expected, given her character, than the quick betrayal of Winston which she does under torture. Mr. Hollis also observes that 1984 is not meant as a definite prophecy; Orwell expected and hoped that the book would be a warning so that the society ruled by Big Brother could not come about. Hollis sees that the Party has destroyed virtue and a sense of honor in the men of the society of Oceania, and done its work so well that even if the Party collapsed the system would continue. If the on antigone, materialism of the Party is true - and Hollis in his interpretation denies that it can be true, on theological and philosophical grounds - then O'Brien is right and Winston Smith is mad: a flaw in the pattern.
O'Brien's premises are thoroughly materialistic. Materialism is a philosophy with a history at least extending back to the pre-Christian, pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, Democritus; thus it is pet relationship, nothing new, and it should be obvious that it can only be opposed on philosophical and religious grounds. This Orwell did, indirectly, in the view of Mr. Hollis; satire, of course, is indirect but nevertheless can be effective, as 1984 was enormously effective and influential, at least in alerting people to and ismene certain political dangers. Hollis makes another important point; that 1984 has as one of its chief literary ancestors an anti-Utopia written by a Russian writer, Eugene Zamyatin. The name of Zamyatin's book is We, and it was published just after the Second World War. Zamyatin wrote his book in Paris after the Russian Revolution, being disgusted with what he saw as the excesses of the extremists among the Russian revolutionaries, the Bolshevists. We purports to be a picture of society as it exists in 2600 A.D. Princeton Supplement? Not only are there parallels between We and 1984, but, as Mr.
Hollis points out, Orwell wrote an essay in January, 1946 [See Tribune, January 4, 1946] in which Orwell praised Zamyatin and demonstrated his familiarity with We. This was relatively close to the time when he began to compose 1984. Hollis observes that Orwell was indeed familiar with Zamyatin, but that he adapted the philosophy and world-picture of We to the depiction of English society. Hollis ends with a point consistent with the on antigone and ismene, outlook of his book; he, like Orwell, perceives the argumentative thesis statement against, decay of religious belief and religious values in twentieth-century Western society, but he makes it clear that he does not accept the essay and ismene, unreligious or anti-religious attitudes which Orwell in his view seems to paragraph have embraced. Essay On Antigone? Sir Richard Rees sees Animal Farm as more obviously a masterpiece than was 1984.
His interpretation of 1984 does not differ in too many particulars from those of Atkins and Hollis, because, as previously observed, the book is so lucid in its satire that wide divergence in interpretation is difficult if not impossible. However, Sir Richard has a slightly different view of Julia's character; he does not see it as totally shallow, and argumentative thesis abortion, he is on antigone and ismene, probably correct in describing her as intelligent but not intellectual. But Julia does not seem a particularly sympathetic character as Orwell drew her; it would be more correct to say that Julia represents life lived only for itself on essay, a physical level which, lacking a philosophy, must fall prey to those who at least hold to some consistent set of beliefs, good or bad. Sir Richard stresses in his interpretation the ways in essay and ismene, which the Party hierarchy is made adoptive and non-hereditary; he also indicates that it was difficult for Orwell to draw characters from the lower classes, in view of do i indent paragraph his own training and background so that the message of Goldstein's Book, and of Orwell himself: If there is hope, it lies in on antigone and ismene, the Proles, is pet relationship, not entirely convincing in terms of 1984. On Antigone And Ismene? Implied in the interpretation of Rees is the essay, thought that Winston Smith is George Orwell-also a fugitive, ridden by guilt. And this is a valid point. As pointed out in the present study, Winston's dreams are heavily tinged by feelings of guilt, and it may be that the psychological roots of and ismene his revolt involve his wishing to be caught, so that his feelings of www argumentative essay guilt especially toward his mother may receive their proper punishment. The idea of Orwell as a fugitive from the camp of on antigone victory - e.g. from the essay, privileged classes in England, which is advanced by Sir Richard Rees, should be treated with caution; it is by no means the whole explanation of 1984, and ought not to be taken as such, though it does explain something about the source of many of essay on antigone and ismene Orwell's ideas and interests. Lionel Trilling's well-known essay, George Orwell and the Politics of Truth, is really part of an introduction to Homage to Catalonia, and argumentative against, thus deals with 1984 only indirectly. The suggestion of Professor Trilling is on antigone, really that Orwell was a very unusual man in his political outlook and in his essential decency-in fact, that he was a sort of modern-day saint, who not only wrote of his vision, but lived it, like Mark Twain, Thoreau, Whitman, Henry Adams, and Henry James. Indent The First Essay? Orwell was not a genius, said Trilling, but what genius is - the sense in which he used the term, he does not say.
He does credit Orwell not only with great imagination and decency, but with a sense of actual participation in the world of affairs so that, unlike many liberal intellectuals in Trilling's view, Orwell knew what he was doing when he wrote of government and administration, of Communism, Nazism, and other political forms. Trilling establishes Orwell's relation to Communism and his disillusion with it - this is on antigone and ismene, also important as one considers what precisely Orwell was satirizing in 1984. In his final estimation of Orwell as a decent man, and an honest one, Trilling echoes the view held by most who have written about Orwell or known him-indeed, his essay helped to formulate this view. The Relation Of Other Works Of Orwell To 1984. As has been pointed out by at least one critic, everything which Orwell ever wrote was preparation for resume writing services hampton, 1984. However, in addition to certain essays which have been mentioned in the biographical or the essay on antigone and ismene, critical commentary sections of this study, two of Orwell's books stand out as worthy of consideration in www argumentative, this context: Down and Out in Paris and London (1933), and Coming up for essay on antigone, Air (1939). These books are rather different in purpose and in kind, the first being a somewhat fictionalized autobiography, and the second a novel. But we will discuss each in turn. Down and Out in Paris and London was written out of impressions Orwell gained during the period from 1927, when he resigned from the Indian Imperial Police while on leave in England, and 1933, when he re-emerged from the state of deprivation that he had evidently volunteered for. Hampton? It would take as much closer study of this period of Orwell's life than has previously been done to account for it fully.
The most convincing explanation seems to be that Orwell wished at on antigone, least temporarily to sink to the level of the poor and find out what they were really like and what the quality of their daily life might be. His theory was that very little is www argumentative essay, known about lower-class life; as he says of the Proles in and ismene, 1984, nobody knew much about the way they lived. Orwell seems to have undergone feelings of guilt at his privileged position as a white sahib in essay, the British Government Service in Burma, and the guilt feelings may have given rise to a desire to be punished by suffering what the lower classes suffer. But all this is essay on antigone, speculation. Orwell said that everything in abortion, this remarkable book actually happened to him, beginning in Paris when he ran out of money, but that he took certain liberties with the and ismene, order of the events. In the book he describes his work as a Paris plongeur or dish washer, working at argumentative thesis statement abortion, least six twelve-hour working days a week (and sometimes seven) in the kitchen of a fasionable Paris hotel, at wages of five hundred francs a month, a mere pittance.
The unsatisfying, and indeed stupefying quality of on antigone and ismene this life, and against, the reasons why men do such work, undergo close analysis by Orwell. It is a description of the essay on antigone and ismene, sordid. Still, he has not touched bottom, for he is at least employed and as the hotel provides food and pet relationship essay, drink free, he is able to live, though he has no time to read, to travel, or to on antigone and ismene do anything except eat, sleep, drink, and do i indent the first paragraph essay, work - the drink being a fortification against the dulling fatigue of such work. A plongeur is one of the slaves of the modern world, he wrote, and and ismene, one is utterly convinced of the truth of this statement by the time that the section of the book comes to an end. Subsequently Orwell does touch bottom, as he quits his job as a dishwasher to work in a highly questionable Paris bistro where the proprietor is always on the edge of bankruptcy. Leaving this for princeton supplement essay class of 2018, his return to England, he runs completely out of funds; the essay and ismene, job he had signed up for, as he says, to take care of an idiot, had been postponed, and he has nothing to live on. Orwell therefore becomes a tramp, and against, walks across England from one spike to another (spike being a slang term for poorhouse, where men who were not residents of the parish in which the poorhouses were located could spend only one might in each and then had to move on). He also spent time on the Embankment in and ismene, London, where men and women who were literally homeless would spend the resume writing services, night attempting to essay on antigone and ismene sleep out of doors, as the Embankment-dwellers did not have the resume hampton, price of a bed.
Finally, Orwell is rescued from this situation by a friend, and sets out to write about it. This book contains some of the most graphic descriptions of poverty written in the twentieth century. One assumes that Orwell could have contacted school friends and acquaintances to essay on antigone obtain employment, even during a Depression. But he did not; he was, while suffering dire poverty, soaking up impressions of lower-class life. The result of this study was not only Down and Out In Paris and London, but also parts of 1984. The account of the lives of the Proles, the description of the smelly close quarters in which most people are forced to live by the Party's deliberate edict - these were dividends from his years among the poor, and 1984 may profitably be read with this book as background. Orwell attempted to describe the resume writing roads, life of the poor honestly, and because he went to such great lengths to on antigone and ismene study his subject, he succeeded to an unsual extent.
The sympathies of most educated people, Orwell said, are not with the pet relationship essay, poor; they do not understand them. He at least attempted to understand, though he was not and never became a member of the submerged classes in terms of his outlook; his education and family background made this impossible. Coming Up for Air (1939) is that novel of on antigone Orwell which most resembles 1984. Its central character, George Bowling, is, when we meet him, forty-five years of age, a commercial traveler (salesman-actually sales supervisor) for an insurance company. He is intended by Orwell to be the epitome of the English lower middle class. But George Bowling is, in a way, Winston Smith, in that he is the man who is just a little bit more perceptive and do i indent the first paragraph of an, intelligent than is called for by his environment. George Bowling is a shopkeeper's son who is drafted into the British Army at the start of the First World War, and who becomes an officer and finds his life spared through several rather absurd coincidences. He has an opportunity to read, and he is naturally quick with his wits, so that he has in a sense moved somewhat apart from essay and ismene his class and paragraph, environment and can therefore see these more clearly while remaining a part of them. The book is set in 1939, and Mr. Bowling is aware of the kind of world that is coming: Fear! We swim in it.
It's our element. This is on antigone and ismene, a prediction of things to come; there is the sub-world of hatred and fear to which Bowling and all of his contemporaries are heading. This novel, like 1984, was more a warning than a prediction. This is the chronicle of the slightly ordinary extraordinary man in essay, a society which is changing, probably for the worse, who is self-aware and who knows that things will never be the same. Essay? George Bowling is a fat man, in contrast to Winston Smith, who seems almost emaciated.
But the two are one in their outlook on many things, especially in their pursuit of the Golden Country. Both George and Winston (note the heroic first names and the ordinary last names) are constantly seeking what they call the Golden Country. This appears to be a state before the Fall; a state of innocence into which they can retreat but which is an princeton supplement essay class illusion. And Ismene? For Winston the Golden Country is the rural scene, akin to the Garden of Eden, in which he meets Julia. For George Bowling, when he returns to Lower Binfield, his home town, is also seeking this state of innocence.
Thus, Coming Up for princeton supplement essay of 2018, Air is essay on antigone and ismene, also valuable background for a further understanding of 1984 in general and of Winston Smith in particular.
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Essay Antigone And Ismene - 600 Words | Bartleby
Essay: Listening comprehension in the EFL environment. LISTENING COMPREHENSION Ė THEORY OVERVIEW. This chapter contains an overview of theory related to listening comprehension in EFL environment. First, the essay and ismene, importance of listening comprehension is discussed. Second, difficulties in listening comprehension for pet relationship essay, EFL learners are illustrated. Third, listening comprehension processing is on antigone and ismene, discussed. Hampton Roads! Fourth, evidences from previous related research that listening instruction could lead to improvement, as measured by pre-tests and and ismene post-tests, were discussed. Fifth, nature and do i of an characteristics of childrenís learning are reviewed.
Lastly, research questions of the present study are stated. 1. The Importance of Listening Comprehension. The increased importance of listening comprehension in language learning may be attributed largely to the development of communicative language teaching approach, which attempts to prepare learners to transfer their classroom skills to real-life context, over the past three decades (Asher, 1977; Krashen, 1982; Omaggio Hadley, 2001; Vande Berg, 1993). There has been a shift from on antigone and ismene non-teaching listening comprehension in the audio-lingual period to teaching listening comprehension in a strategy-based approach (Mendelsohn, 1998). Before World War II, the teaching of essay paragraph reading was given the and ismene, most attention while that of listening comprehension was the essay, most infertile and the least understood language skill (Winitz, 1981). Under the predominant audio-lingual approach in essay on antigone, the 1960ís and the early 1970ís, the teaching of listening comprehension was still minor.
With the do i essay, increasing interest towards communicative language teaching approach, several researches revealed the importance of listening comprehension (Brown #038; Yule, 1983; Faerch #038; Kasper, 1986; Feyten, 1991; Long, 1985). Essay On Antigone And Ismene! Listening comprehension has ever since received a lot more attention in language teaching. On the one hand, technological advances and the growing awareness of the importance of listening in the world have made listening even more important in the communication process (Mendelsohn, 1998). In current globalized society, with universal and massive exposure to radio, television, satellite broadcasts, and internet, individuals are expected to be increasingly prepared to receive information through listening and speaking, more than ever before (Dunkel, 1991; Vande Berg, 1993). On the other hand, some scholars (Nord, 1981; Wintiz, 1981) considered proficiency in listening comprehension as a necessary condition for acquiring production language skills, specifically speaking and writing. The comprehension-based teaching approach supports that students at the beginning level should be allowed to keep silent until they feel safe and essay ready to produce the target language. Thus, it can be reasonably concluded that students are probably engaged in listening before they are able to speak and write in the target language, which means that second language instruction at a beginning level should focus on developing learnersí listening comprehension ability. Essay On Antigone! Still, other scholars (Dunkel, 1991; Long, 1985; Rost, 1990; Vogely, 1999) stressed that listening is important because it provides input as the raw material for princeton essay class, learners to process in language learning. Without correctly understanding the input, any learning simply cannot begin (Rost, 1994). Furthermore, the failure of listening comprehension of the target language is an impetus, not merely an essay on antigone and ismene, obstacle, to essay language learning as well as to communication interaction (Rost, 1994). The recognition of the importance of essay listening comprehension has resulted in an increased number of listening activities in essay, studentsí textbooks and on antigone even in comprehension-based methodology texts designed specifically for teaching listening (Anderson #038; Lynch, 1988; Rost, 1990; Underwood, 1989; Ur, 1984).
Several studies have found that through the use of effective pre-listening activities, instructors can increase studentsí understanding of the listening passages, which in turn develops their listening proficiency and contributes to their mastery of the target language (Herron, 1994; Richards, 1983; Rubin, 1994; Teichert, 1996; Vande Berg, 1993). 2. Difficulties in Listening Comprehension for EFL Learners. The first difficulty in listening comprehension for EFL learners is that they are less likely to five share the same schema with native speakers (Ur, 1984; Harmer, 2001). As Kant (1781/ 1963) claimed, new information, new concepts, and new ideas can have meaning only and ismene when they can be related to argumentative thesis abortion something the individual already knows. This applies as much to second language comprehension as it does to comprehension in oneís native language. The empirical research in the related field has come to be known as schema theory and has demonstrated the truth of Kantís original observation and of the opening quote from Anderson et al (1977). Schema theory research has shown the importance of essay background knowledge in language comprehension (Bartlett, 1932; Rumelhart, 1980; Rumelhart #038; Ortony, 1977). According to schema theory, a text provides directions for listeners or readers as to how they should retrieve or construct meaning from their own previously acquired knowledge.
This previously acquired knowledge is called the listenersí or readersí background knowledge, and the previously acquired knowledge structures are called schemata (Bartlett, 1932; Adams #038; Collins, 1979; Rumelhart, 1980). The prior knowledge, or schema, that a L2 listener brings to the listening task plays a vital part in interpreting the paragraph, material, and should be considered in the evaluation of essay on antigone and ismene learnersí listening comprehension (Long, 1990; Raphan, 1996). Based on schema theory, the process of interpretation and comprehension is guided by the principle that every input is mapped against some existing schema and that all aspects of that schema must be compatible with the input information (Carrell #038; Eisterhold, 1983). Efficient language comprehension requires the ability to resume hampton relate the textual input to oneís own background knowledge, which means that understanding words, sentences, and entire texts relies not merely on oneís linguistic knowledge but also the knowledge of the world (Carrell #038; Eisterhold, 1983). And Ismene! According to essay Richards (1983), much of our knowledge of the world is organized around scripts, which is our memory about particular situations, the goals, participants, and procedures commonly associated with them, and the information needed to essay and ismene understand is therefore not explicitly present in www argumentative, the utterance but is essay on antigone and ismene, provided by the listeners from pet relationship their repertoire of scripts.
This means that the connections between events need not be specified when we talk about them, since they are already known and can be inferred. Without the right kind of essay on antigone pre-existing knowledge, or relevant script, comprehension may become very difficult (Harmer, 2001; Richards, 1983). Non-native speakers may have a different shared knowledge of cultural reference and discourse patterning in their own language and culture; their individual scripts may differ in certain degree and content from target language scripts, and that poses additional problems for the first of an, some foreign language learners who have to work twice as hard to understand what they hear. (Harmer, 2001; Richards, 1983; Underwood, 1989). The second difficulty is that EFL learners are usually much less familiar with different accents and that they sometimes have considerable problems when they encounter a new accent in the listening process (Kennedy, 1978). Accent is on antigone and ismene, potentially an important variable in www argumentative essay, listening comprehension (Buck, 2001).
Many foreign-language learners who are used to the accent of their own teacher are surprised when they find they have difficulty understanding someone else (Ur, 1984). An unfamiliar accent can cause problems in communication and may disrupt the whole comprehension process (Buck, 2001; Kelly, 1991). Native speakers are generally used to listening to a variety of accents while EFL learners are less exposed to different accents (Buck, 2001). Besides, learners who have more experience in listening to and understand a number of different accents are more likely to essay on antigone and ismene be able to cope successfully with listening tasks than those who have only resume heard one or two (Ur, 1984). Therefore, it seems reasonable to conclude that it generally takes a L2 learner much longer to adjust to the voice if the accent is essay, very different from any with which he is familiar than a native speaker (Buck, 2001; Kelly, 1991).
The third difficulty is that EFL learners are less capable of perceiving prosodic features in English speech which have a direct impact on how listeners process and interpret discourse segments (Buck, 2001; Lynch, 1998; Rubin, 1994). The rhythmic pattern of spoken English is one of its distinctive features (Richards, 1983). Unlike many languages in the world that are syllable-timed, which means that the length of time required to www argumentative pronounce an utterance depends upon the number of syllables it contains, English is a stressed-timed language (Buck, 2001; Richards, 1983). Essay And Ismene! What this means is that the time between stressed syllables is reasonably constant in essay, any utterance, and the remaining syllables in the utterance, no matter how many there are, must accommodate to the rhythm established by the stressed syllables (Buck, 2001; Richards, 1983; Vann Lier, 1995). As a stressed-timed language, the following English sentences would take about the same amount of time to articulate, even though the number of syllables contained in each sentence is very different (Richards, 1983; Vann Lier, 1995):
The CAT is INTerested in proTECTing its KITTens. LARGE CARS WASTE GAS. The result of the stress-timed language is that the words between the on antigone, stressed syllables are pronounced very quickly, with no stress or mild stress, and if there are more words they are pronounced even quicker to do i fit in on antigone and ismene, the short time, subjecting to considerable phonological modification (Buck, 2001). Also, Vanderplank (1988) argues that perception of stress is an important factor in rapid and efficient listening comprehension. This adds another dimension to the listenerís task, since listeners must learn the complex set of rules that determine the pronunciation of argumentative statement connected speech and be able to identify words according to the rhythmic structure within which they occur (Buck, 2001; Richards, 1983). Any lack of such phonological knowledge can pose comprehension difficulty (Buck, 2001). In the research of Henricksen (1984), most native speakers had little difficulty understanding words in their modified form in an utterance whereas the presence of phonological modification significantly reduces comprehension for second-language listeners. In addition, Vanderplank (1985) found interesting differences in on antigone and ismene, native speakersí and non-native speakersí ability to perceive stress by addressing that Ďnative speakers were in general agreement as to sentence stress location, while only a small number of non-native speakers agree with native speaker judgments as to stress location, and the ability to perceive stress location was not significantly linked to level of English ability in learnersí (p.
38). Still, Bond and Garnes (1980) agree that speech perception is also subject to five essay paragraph what they call Ďheuristic strategiesí such as paying attention to stress, intonation patterns, and stressed vowels. On Antigone! Therefore, listeners need to know how the princeton, sound system works in English speech, in order to be able to essay and ismene process natural listening task in essay paragraph, real time (Buck, 2001). The fourth difficulty is that hesitation and pausing could cause perceptual problems and essay thus comprehension errors for non-native speakers (Voss, 1979). In his study, 22 non-native speakers of English were asked to five essay paragraph listen to a passage of spontaneous speech, about 210 words long. Results indicated that nearly one-third of essay on antigone all perception errors were related to hesitation phenomena. Www Argumentative! These errors were due to essay on antigone listenersí either misinterpreting hesitations as words, or parts of words, or to misinterpreting parts of words as hesitations (Voss, 1979). In contrast, some researches indicated that hesitation and pausing help listening comprehension (Blau, 1990; Blau, 1991; Dunkel, 1988; Friedman #038; Johnson, 1971; Johnson #038; Friedman, 1971). Argumentative Thesis Against! However, Voss is the essay on antigone, only one among these researchers who used real and spontaneous speech.
All of the five essay, other studies used a written text read aloud. Voss (1979) suggests that native speakers are usually not bothered by hesitation phenomena since they possess strategies to recognize and essay on antigone process such phenomena while focusing on meaning, and non-native speakers get stuck in bottom-up processing of phonetic utterances that do not affect meaning, while native speakers discard these utterances in favour of top-down processing. There are indications that in some cases hesitation and pausing can help listening comprehension, and in others they may cause problems (Buck, 2001). In the researches of Friedman #038; Johnson (1971) and Johnson #038; Friedman (1971), pauses inserted at meaningful syntactic boundaries can benefit comprehension, whereas random pauses do not. When one-second pauses were introduced into a text at the juncture between clauses, comprehension improved, while pauses inserted randomly into do i paragraph, the text resulted in lower levels of essay on antigone comprehension (Friedman #038; Johnson, 1971; Johnson #038; Friedman, 1971). Consequently, the ability to understand spoken English must include the ability to deal with hesitation and pausing (Buck, 2001). Hesitation and pausing also affects our impression of the pace of speech (Richards, 1983). The impression of faster or slower speech generally results from the amount of pausing that speakers use (Richards, 1983). Stanley (1978) suggests that when speech was faster, language learners Ďconstantly failed to perceive individual phonemes and hence words with which they were already familiarí (1978: 289). Comprehension declines as the speakers talk faster, and the weight of the princeton supplement class of 2018, evidence suggests that the decline in comprehension is rather slow until a threshold level is reached, at which time an increased speech rate leads to a much more rapid decline in comprehension (Buck, 2001).
Griffiths (1990) found potential evidence that speech faster than two-hundred words per minute (w.p.m.) is difficult for lower-intermediate learners to understand. He found that this level of students perform best at essay on antigone and ismene 127 w.p.m. Moreover, Griffiths (1992) investigated the effects of statement against abortion three different speech rates (127, 188, and 250 w.p.m.) on listening comprehension of second-language learners and essay on antigone and ismene concluded that comprehension was significantly better at the slowest speech rate and essay worse at the higher rates. On the other hand, Blau (1990; 1991) found that speech ranging from 145 to 185 w.p.m. Essay On Antigone! did not significantly affect listening comprehension of intermediate- and advanced-level L2 learners. Resume Services! As for the general concept of essay on antigone speech rate, Rivers (1981) cites the following figures: Fast: above 220 w.p.m. Moderately fast: 190-220 w.p.m. Average: 160-220 w.p.m. Moderately slow: 130-160 w.p.m. Slow: below 130 wpm.
Besides, Sticht (1971) quotes a normal speech rate of essay paragraph 165 to essay 180 words per minute for native speakers of five paragraph English. Based on the researches abovementioned, speech rate is one of the essay on antigone and ismene, variables that affect listening comprehension, which may relate to pet relationship text variables, such as vocabulary, syntax or topic, type of text used, and amount of background knowledge required (Buck, 2001; Rubin, 1994). The fifth difficulty is essay and ismene, that learners tend to think they have to essay of 2018 completely understand what they hear, consequently causing anxiety (Rubin, 1994; Ur, 1984). Most foreign-language learners run into a psychological problem: they have a kind of obligation to understand everything, even things that are not important, and they feel discouraged and may even completely give up listening if they encounter an incomprehensible word (Rubin, 1994; Ur, 1984). Foreign language beginning learners have to understand all when they hear only on antigone single words or short sentences. However, when listening comprehension passages get longer, they still assume that total comprehension is successful comprehension, and find it very difficult to do i of an essay get used to and ismene the idea that they can be competent listeners with less than one hundred percent comprehension (Ur, 1984). From the anecdotal evidence in the research of OíMalley et al. (1989), it is found that Ēeffective listeners seemed to be aware when they stopped attending and made an effort to redirect their attention to the taskí (p.
428) and Ďineffective listeners reported that when they encountered an services, unknown word or phrase in essay on antigone, a listening text, they usually just stopped listening or failed to be aware of their inattentioní (p. 428). Foreign-language learners have this difficulty probably because their receptive system is overloaded (Ur, 1984). They have to work much harder at decoding than native listeners and try to interpret every detail as it comes up instead of relaxing and taking a broader view. Five Essay Paragraph! Compared with reading and writing, listening is more stressful for learners since it involves serious time constraints on processing, which cause learnersí anxiety (Ur, 1984). 3. Listening Comprehension Processing. Most models of and ismene listening perception in language learning include what is usually referred to as top-down, bottom-up and interactive processing. 3.1.
Top-down processing. In top-down processing, the listeners need to use their pre-existing knowledge to interpret or get a general view of the princeton class of 2018, listening passage and to create appropriate and plausible expectation of what they are about to come across (Harmer, 2001; Goodman 1967; Shohamy #038; Inbar, 1991; Smith 1971). Top-down processing occurs as the perceptual system makes general predictions based on general schemata, or prior knowledge, and then searches the input, either visual or auditory, for information to fit into, or verify these predictions, and thus top-down processing is conceptually-driven or knowledge-based (Carrell #038; Eisterhold, 1983; Shohamy #038; Inbar, 1991). In the and ismene, study of Shohamy and Inbar (1991), it was reasonably hypothesized that listeners who employed a knowledge-based approach first made predictions about the passage they were about to listen to, basing their predictions on the questions they previewed prior to paragraph listening. In the first listening listeners might have checked their hypotheses and only afterwards, in a second listening, may have filled in the information gaps by supplying the local cues. Bacon (1989) and Vande Berg (1993) found that appropriate pre-listening activities could benefit learnersí comprehension for essay on antigone, various listening exercises. Advance organizers, such as brainstorming (Vande Berg, 1993), illustrations and key words (Teichert, 1996), picture prediction (Harmer, 2001) and princeton supplement essay of 2018 making inferences after listening to a series of and ismene sentences (Brown, 2001), can be used to facilitate learnersí top-down processing and help them be engaged in listening tasks. 3.2.
Bottom-up processing. In bottom-up processing, the listener focuses on individual words and phrases by resume writing hampton decoding the linguistic input rapidly and accurately to refute implausible interpretation, and on antigone achieves understanding by combining these detailed elements together to build up a whole view of the listening passage (Harmer, 2001; Carrell 1983, 1988; Carrell #038; Eisterhold 1983; Rost 1990). Hampton! Thus, bottom-up processing is on antigone and ismene, data-driven or text-based (Carrell #038; Eisterhold, 1983; Rubin, 1994). There are two types of comprehension strategies identified by Van Dijk and Kintsch (1983): one is local strategies which require learnersí attention to relations and thesis statement against links between the facts denoted by essay local clauses and do i the first essay sentences, and the other is global/ macro-strategies which require a focus on the overall coherence, gist or topic of a text. Essay On Antigone! Based on the statements above mentioned, it can be concluded that the thesis statement against, local strategies are related to bottom-up processing while the global/ macro-strategies are related to top-down processing. Kelly (1991) proposed that in the early stages of foreign language learning, learners rely very much on bottom-up processing when listening and on antigone and ismene only when they consider that they are making progress to the proficiency and skills in the foreign language, they bring into semantic and other knowledge related to top-down processing. Some bottom-up pre-listening activities were proposed by several researchers to make listening comprehension easier. Providing listeners with key vocabulary before listening proved valuable in Raphanís (1996) and Rostís (2002) studies. Princeton Supplement! Harmer (2001) mentioned a bottom-up processing activity of finding differences between a written text and and ismene a recorded account of the same events that can be implemented in teaching listening. Another bottom-up activity for beginning listeners is to listen to a series of argumentative thesis abortion sentences and and ismene then circle one (out of princeton supplement three) verb form contained in the sentences (Brown, 2001).
3.3. Interactive processing. Listening comprehension is considered by some researchers as an interactive process between top-down and bottom-up processing and as a continuous modification of a developing interpretation in response to on antigone and ismene incoming information and pre-existing knowledge (Brownell, 1996; Buck, 1991; Harmer, 2001). Perception occurs when sufficient information has been provided both from the expectations set up by top-down processing and from linguistic input by supplement essay of 2018 bottom-up processing (Kelly, 1991). According to Kelly (1991), if the sound signal is weak, obscured or incomplete, the listener will probably make greater use of top-down processing; similarly, it is when the listenerís expectations are low or not sensible that he will need to rely more on and ismene the sensory level and to hear clearly what is being said by bottom-up processing, and five paragraph such view of on antigone perception processing would probably fit in with almost all current models of thesis against abortion auditory speech perception. Similarly, some studies have indicated that effective listening comprehension takes place when the listener can successfully monitor their interpretation by constantly checking it against the incoming linguistic cues and to modify their hypotheses accordingly (Tyler #038; Warren, 1987; Buck, 1990).
In his research, Buck (1990) indicated that a number of listeners monitored the incoming information with what they had already heard before or with their background knowledge to develop their interpretation of the listening text. Further, there were instances in his study that serious comprehension problems had occurred when listeners failed to essay and ismene notice their developing interpretations were incompatible with the incoming information. In addition, OíMalley, Chamot, and Kupper (1989) indicated that bottom-up processing is only fragmentary for efficient EFL listeners; they activate more L1 knowledge in the form of schemata and use both top-down and bottom-up strategies to pet relationship construct meaning. Hildyard and Olson (1982) found that efficient listeners and essay on antigone readers use the knowledge-based interactive mode of text processing, while low level students relate mostly to local details. According to services hampton Rumelhart (1980), both top-down and bottom-up processing should be occurring at all levels simultaneously: bottom-up processing ensures that the listeners will be sensitive to information that is new or contradictory to their ongoing hypotheses about the text; top-down processing helps the essay on antigone and ismene, listeners to resolve ambiguities or to select between alternative possible interpretations of the incoming data. 3.4. Effectiveness of top-down and bottom-up processing. There is continuous discussion about the resume writing services, role of top-down and bottom-up processing in listening comprehension, but little could we conclude whether top-down or bottom-up processing is more important to a listener. Essay And Ismene! Some studies indicated that successful listening comprehension depends more on top-down processing. In the researches of Carrell #038; Eisterhold (1983), Conrad (1981, 1985), Hildyard #038; Olson (1982), Kelly (1991), Meyer #038; McConkie (1973), Rumelhart (1983), Shohamy #038; Inbar (1991), Van Dijk #038; Kintsh (1983), it is found that skilled listeners, like proficient readers, use a knowledge-based mode of text processing, namely top-down processing, whereas less-skilled listeners and readers both attend mostly to local details as in the bottom-up processing. Similarly, Voss (1984) found that Ďsuccessful speech perception depends on an active reconstruction process applying top-down strategies to the acoustic input, i.e., assigning ultimate values to segments and other lower-order units on the basis of hypotheses about a larger stretchí (p.
148). In Weissenreiderís (1987) study, schemata which are crucial in top-down processing were found to be beneficial in listening comprehension. Her results show that both textual schemata (knowledge about the newscast processing) and essay content schemata (topic familiarity with specific news) help the listening comprehension of non-native speakers, particularly when participants are capable of incorporating cognitive strategies. Lund (1991) provides evidence for top-down processing in on antigone and ismene, his study by comparing listening and resume services hampton roads reading of first-, second-, and third-semester university students of German. He concluded that participants relied considerably on top-down processing in listening tasks. Wolff (1987) worked with twelve- to eighteen-year-old German students of English and found that while students appeared to make a simultaneous use of bottom-up and top-down processing with an easy listening text, they used more top-down processing strategies for more difficult texts. In addition, some researches indicated that beginners rely very heavily on background knowledge and hardly use other cues in essay on antigone, listening comprehension while learners with better linguistic proficiency use their greater linguistic knowledge and experience to help them understand a text (Mueller, 1980; Vandergrift, 1997). Thus, providing background information and princeton supplement of 2018 previewing are particularly important and and ismene effective for the less proficient language student to comprehend a text (Hudson, 1982).
Nevertheless, some studies indicated that successful listening comprehension relies more on five paragraph bottom-up processing than on essay top-down strategies. Schemata in top-down processing can also have dysfunctional effects on listening comprehension (Long, 1990; OíMalley et al., 1989). Essay! In Longís (1990) study, participants completed a survey of their background knowledge of two topics used, namely, gold rush and rock groups, and he found that participants overextended their gold rush schemata onto a set of data that were clearly incompatible. Essay On Antigone! It is do i the first paragraph of an essay, clear, then, that schemata can hurt, as well as help listening comprehension and on antigone it can also be inferred that linguistic knowledge plays a prominent role in comprehension when appropriate schemata are not available to the listener (Long, 1990). 4. Evidences from Previous Research Related to Listening Comprehension.
Results from previous research that instruction can lead to listening improvement, as measured by pre-tests and post-tests, are inconsistent. On the one hand, there was no significant improvement in the studies of Johnson and paragraph Long (2007), OíMalley et al. (1985), and McGruddy (1995). Johnson and Long (2007) assessed listening competency of college students through the Watson-Barker Listening Test (Watson #038; Barker, 2000). There were no significant differences between the scores of pre- and post-test after listening instruction, indicating that listening instruction did not influence performance-based listening ability. OíMalley et al. (1985) found differences, but not statistically significant, in the scores at the post-test of EFL learners who received different types of listening instruction. In the research of essay McGruddy (1995), significant differences in pre-test and post-test were observed merely in a non-standardized listening test rather than in indent the first of an, a standardized test. On the other hand, some studies revealed more success in on antigone and ismene, terms of listening instruction. In the pet relationship essay, study of Nichols, Brown and Keller (2006), the on antigone and ismene, trained group of 31 freshman students made significant gains in services roads, scores during the period of listening instruction.
In Kohlerís (2002) study, 70 learners of Spanish at a university received listening instruction. Their listening comprehension significantly increased, compared with the on antigone and ismene, non-intervention group. However, there does not appear to have been a pre-test of learnersí listening comprehension, without which it is difficult to conclude Kohlerís claim of essay significant improvement in listening comprehension of the experimental group. In addition, in on antigone, the study of Graham and Macaro (2008), 151 senior high school students of French as a foreign language in England were targeted, and a positive impact of www argumentative listening strategy instruction was noticed. Students who underwent listening instruction significantly outperformed those who did not receive such instruction, and essay and ismene students reported that they themselves recognized this improvement. 5. Characteristics of Childrenís Learning. Based on the theory of Piaget and Inhelder (1969), there are four phases of childrenís cognitive development, which are sensory-motor period, preoperational period, concrete operation period and formal operation period. Writing Services! The period of and ismene concrete operation generally represents the five paragraph, elementary school students, ranging from 7 to 12 years old. Children in on antigone, the concrete operation period begin to class of 2018 think logically. Operations are associated with personal experience and are in concrete situation, but not in abstract manipulation. Childrenís learning in on antigone and ismene, this period relies heavily on operational activities, such as objects, pictures and physical experiments.
Another theory concerning childrenís learning is the scaffolding theory (Wood, Bruner, #038; Ross, 1976) which was developed based on the concept of zone of proximal development proposed by Vygotsky (1978). Zone of five paragraph proximal development refers to the differences between the level of actual development and the level of potential development; the on antigone, level of actual development means childrenís actual independent problem-solving competence while the essay, level of potential development means childrenís problem-solving competence developed either through the leading or guidance from adults or instructors or through the collaboration or cooperation with more competent peers (Wertsch, 1984). On Antigone And Ismene! The zone, or the difference, of proximal development does not mean a fixed distance or concrete space of learning; rather, it refers to the possible, learnable scope created by the interaction between people and www argumentative its changes with the development of essay individuals (Cole, 1985; Moll, 1990). Scaffolding, when applied in teaching practices, generally refers to the development of learnersí gradual comprehension of knowledge through the thesis statement, interaction between the instructor and essay and ismene the learners. In such interaction, teachers, as assistants in childrenís learning process, provide necessary assistance to foster learnersí cognition with the the first paragraph of an essay, consideration of on antigone and ismene learnersí development level. The interaction which is the scaffolding in the teaching process generally follows the pattern of question asking from the teacher, replying from students, specific guidance of asking further questions from the indent the first, teacher, and on antigone then replying from students. According to Harmer (2001), young children learn differently from adolescents, and adults in many ways. Children tend to respond to meaning even if they do not understand individual words. Essay! They learn from everything around them rather than only focusing on on antigone and ismene the precise topic they are being taught.
Their understanding comes not just from supplement class explanation, but also from what they see and hear and, crucially, from what they have a chance to touch and interact with. In addition, children have a limited attention span, unless activities are extremely engaging or interesting they can easily get bored, losing interest after around ten minutes. In the light of these characteristics, teachers at this level need to provide a rich diet of learning experiences which encourages students to get information from on antigone and ismene a variety of www argumentative essay sources (Harmer, 2001). In addition, in the process of scaffolding in teaching, it is essential for teachers to essay on antigone and ismene be skilful in asking questions to activate studentsí thinking and creativity, which are helpful in deepening and essay paragraph broadening the language development of the students. Teachers are suggested to on antigone and ismene avoid closed-ended, unimportant or forcing questions, but to provide open-ended, supportive or guiding ones to encourage the interaction between teachers and students. Teachers need to paragraph work with their students either individually or in essay on antigone, groups to indent paragraph of an develop good relationships, and on antigone and ismene need to www argumentative plan a range of activities for a given time period, and to be flexible enough to on antigone move on to the next exercise when they see their students getting bored. 6. Research Questions of the Present Study. Listening comprehension is important for essay, EFL learners. Beginning instruction in a second language should focus on developing learnersí listening comprehension. In Romania, formal EFL beginning instruction falls in essay and ismene, elementary education, a phase in which listening comprehension should be paid attention to.
It is likely that listening instruction in elementary school puts more emphasis on bottom-up listening processing than on five paragraph top-down processing. As Kelly (1991) noted, EFL beginning learners rely very much on and ismene bottom-up listening processing, it is possible for www argumentative, elementary students to resort more to essay and ismene bottom-up processing when listening. Although some studies have investigated either the effects of different advance organizers on listening comprehension of resume hampton roads undergraduate and junior-high school students (Sherman, 1997; Vande Berg, 1993; Herron, Hanley, #038; Cole, 1995) or how to teach high school students listening skills more effectively, little research has been done regarding the teaching of listening in on antigone, elementary school, which is the beginning level of statement EFL learners. From the above discussion in the theory review, little research has targeted elementary EFL learners in terms of listening instruction. The effect of on antigone listening instruction, as measured by paragraph pre-tests and essay on antigone and ismene post-tests, are inconsistent in essay, previous research which mostly involved undergraduate and high school students. Although it is apparent that listening involves both top-down and bottom-up processing, most elementary English learners tend to focus on bottom-up rather than top-down processing (Kelly, 1991). Therefore, it would be valuable to investigate the effect of on antigone and ismene listening instruction as well as the writing, listening processing of elementary EFL learners. The present study focused on three research questions: (1) Do interactive processing teaching activities result in essay on antigone and ismene, better listening performance than bottom-up teaching activities? (2) Why or why not? (3) When do elementary EFL learners rely on top-down processing, bottom-up processing and interactive processing? To address the pet relationship essay, research questions, comparison of performance between two groups was conducted after the on antigone, two groups of participants had respectively received a series of listening instruction, namely interactive pre-listening activities and princeton supplement essay class bottom-up pre-listening activities so that the essay on antigone, effectiveness of different pre-listening activities could be evaluated to investigate whether interactive processing activities lead to better performance than bottom-up processing activities. Furthermore, a questionnaire was administered for the interactive group after the post-test to investigate when elementary EFL learners rely on top-down processing, bottom-up processing and interactive processing. Search our thousands of essays:
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